Was geschah, nachdem Nora ihren Mann verlassen hatte; oder Stützen der Gesellschaften

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Was geschah, nachdem Nora ihren Mann verlassen hatte; oder Stützen der Gesellschaften (What Happened after Nora Left Her Husband; or Pillars of Society) is a play by Austrian playwright Elfriede Jelinek. It was first published in 1979 and premiered in October that year, directed by Kurt-Josef Schildknecht, in Graz.[1]

Jelinek's first play follows in the tradition of Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House[2] and her novel Die Liebhaberinnen.[3] The play follows Ibsen's Nora in order to show how a "small capitalist elite is able to control political and economic institutions."[4] Throughout the play, Nora's role is a "string of male projections on the image of woman: wife, mother, worker, lover, whore, mistress, and business woman."[5] By the play's end, Nora "frees herself" from her upper-class role as a wife and mother to become a factory worker.[4] However, she fails to take part in an "exploitative capitalist society" because of her ambitions.[5]


  1. ^ http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=16861
  2. ^ Michael Cherlin, Halina Filipowicz, Richard L. Rudolph, eds. (2004). "Elfriede Jelinek's Nora Project". The great tradition and its legacy: the evolution of dramatic and musical theater in Austria and Central Europe. Berghahn Books. ISBN 978-1-57181-403-6. 
  3. ^ Matthias Konzett, Margarete Lamb-Faffelberger, eds. (2007). "Women, Socialization, and Power". Elfriede Jelinek: writing woman, nation, and identity : a critical anthology. Associated University Presse. pp. 101–110. ISBN 978-0-8386-4154-5. 
  4. ^ a b "Elfriede Jelinek". Contemporary Literary Criticism. 169. Gale. March 2003. pp. 67–155.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help);
  5. ^ a b Boiter, Vera (1998). Elfriede Jelinek. Women Writers in German-Speaking Countries. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. pp. 199–207.