Washburn, North Dakota
Washburn, North Dakota
"The Grandest Little City on the Missouri-Washburn, North Dakota"
|Coordinates: 47°17′29″N 101°1′40″W / 47.29139°N 101.02778°WCoordinates: 47°17′29″N 101°1′40″W / 47.29139°N 101.02778°W|
|• Commission President||Larry Thomas|
|• Total||1.79 sq mi (4.63 km2)|
|• Land||1.69 sq mi (4.36 km2)|
|• Water||0.10 sq mi (0.27 km2)|
|Elevation||1,755 ft (535 m)|
|• Density||771.51/sq mi (297.96/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1032690|
|Highways||US 83, US 83 Bus., ND 200 Alt.|
Washburn is a city in southern McLean County, North Dakota, United States. Located along the upper Missouri River, it is the county seat of McLean County. The population was 1,300 at the 2020 census.
Washburn was founded in 1882 near the former site of Fort Mandan, winter quarters of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1804-1805, near a Mandan village. The town was designated as the county seat in 1883. The city's name honors General Cadwallader C. Washburn.
Washburn is home to the North Dakota Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, which focuses on the Expedition's winter near the Mandan village. It houses a full-scale replica of Fort Mandan, which workers of the expedition built as their base, and one of the expedition's canoes.
Washburn is located at 47°17′29″N 101°1′40″W / 47.29139°N 101.02778°W (47.291313, −101.027647).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.89 square miles (4.90 km2), of which 1.80 square miles (4.66 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,246 people, 551 households, and 369 families living in the city. The population density was 692.2 inhabitants per square mile (267.3/km2). There were 661 housing units at an average density of 367.2 per square mile (141.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.0% White, 0.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 551 households, of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.0% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.76.
The median age in the city was 46.2 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 35.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.3% male and 48.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,389 people, 557 households, and 407 families living in the city. The population density was 781.8 people per square mile (301.3/km2). There were 659 housing units at an average density of 370.9 per square mile (142.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.78% White, 0.72% Native American, 0.22% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.
There were 557 households, out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.4% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,789, and the median income for a family was $54,250. Males had a median income of $47,500 versus $21,364 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,726. About 5.9% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Jean Baptiste Charbonneau was born in 1804 at Fort Mandan to Sacagewea, a young Shoshone woman, and Toussaint Charbonneau, a French Canadian. As an infant, he was taken along by his mother on her travels with the Lewis and Clark Expedition. He became an explorer and interpreter, fluent in French, English, Shoshone, and other Native American languages
- Clint Hill, Secret Service agent assigned to Jacqueline Kennedy, raised in Washburn
- Ernie Kell, mayor of Long Beach, California from 1984 to 1994
- Bruce Peterson, NASA test pilot, born in Washburn
- Homer N. Wallin, World War II era Vice-Admiral in the U.S. Navy, born in Washburn
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Washburn has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
- ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ a b "Explore Census Data". Explore Census Data. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
- ^ "Our Rich History". City of Washburn, North Dakota. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- ^ "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2021". United States Census Bureau. June 16, 2022. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
- ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- ^ Ogden, Eloise (September 25, 2012). "A witness to history: Former Secret Service agent talks about N.D. & Jacqueline Kennedy". Minot Daily News. Minot, North Dakota. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- ^ Administrator, NASA (June 5, 2013). "Former NASA Dryden Research Pilot Bruce Peterson Dies". NASA. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- ^ Waggoner, Walter H. (March 10, 1984). "Adm. Homer N. Wallin Dies; Oversaw War Salvage Effort". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- ^ Climate Summary for Washburn, North Dakota
- Mary Ann Barnes Williams, Pioneer Days of Washburn, N. Dakota and Vicinity. Washburn, ND: Washburn Leader, 1936.
- McLean County Heritage. Washburn, ND: McLean County Historical Society, 1978.