Washburn County, Wisconsin

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Washburn County, Wisconsin
Washburn county WI Shell Lake IMG 1660.JPG
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Washburn County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1883
Seat Shell Lake
Largest city Spooner
Area
 • Total 853 sq mi (2,209 km2)
 • Land 797 sq mi (2,064 km2)
 • Water 56 sq mi (145 km2), 6.6%
Population
 • (2010) 15,911
 • Density 20/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.washburn.wi.us

Washburn County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It is named after Governor Cadwallader C. Washburn.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,911.[2] Its county seat is Shell Lake.[3] The county was created in 1883.[4]

Geography[edit]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 853 square miles (2,210 km2), of which 797 square miles (2,060 km2) is land and 56 square miles (150 km2) (6.6%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

The sign for Washburn County on WIS48

Airport[edit]

Shell Lake Municipal Airport (KSSQ) serves the county and surrounding communities.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Washburn County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,926
1900 5,521 88.7%
1910 8,196 48.5%
1920 11,377 38.8%
1930 11,103 −2.4%
1940 12,496 12.5%
1950 11,665 −6.7%
1960 10,301 −11.7%
1970 10,601 2.9%
1980 13,174 24.3%
1990 13,772 4.5%
2000 16,036 16.4%
2010 15,911 −0.8%
Est. 2016 15,648 [6] −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2014[2]

As of the census of 2000,[11] there were 16,036 people, 6,604 households, and 4,530 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 10,814 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.27% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 1.01% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.9% were of German, 11.4% Norwegian, 7.0% Irish, 6.2% Swedish, 6.1% English and 5.6% American ancestry.

There were 6,604 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.1% 5,436 35.7% 3,282 5.2% 475
2012 50.6% 4,699 47.9% 4,447 1.5% 141
2008 47.2% 4,303 51.5% 4,693 1.3% 116
2004 49.8% 4,762 49.2% 4,705 1.1% 100
2000 48.6% 3,912 45.9% 3,695 5.4% 438
1996 38.6% 2,703 46.2% 3,231 15.2% 1,062
1992 33.7% 2,586 40.1% 3,080 26.3% 2,020
1988 47.3% 3,074 52.2% 3,393 0.6% 39
1984 54.4% 3,848 45.1% 3,188 0.6% 40
1980 46.4% 3,193 46.1% 3,172 7.5% 515
1976 43.2% 2,787 54.3% 3,503 2.5% 161
1972 56.8% 3,220 41.2% 2,336 1.9% 109
1968 47.6% 2,425 44.7% 2,273 7.7% 393
1964 36.8% 1,865 62.8% 3,181 0.3% 16
1960 54.1% 2,848 45.6% 2,398 0.3% 15
1956 58.9% 2,798 40.7% 1,935 0.4% 19
1952 60.8% 3,184 38.9% 2,039 0.3% 14
1948 41.8% 2,059 55.0% 2,708 3.2% 158
1944 53.9% 2,441 45.4% 2,059 0.7% 33
1940 48.7% 2,805 50.4% 2,901 1.0% 56
1936 31.6% 1,650 61.7% 3,220 6.6% 345
1932 34.7% 1,501 60.5% 2,619 4.8% 208
1928 70.0% 2,898 28.8% 1,192 1.2% 48
1924 38.9% 1,422 4.3% 158 56.8% 2,075
1920 78.3% 2,023 13.6% 352 8.1% 210
1916 55.4% 938 38.0% 644 6.6% 112
1912 27.5% 409 26.8% 398 45.7% 679
1908 69.0% 1,114 24.5% 396 6.4% 104
1904 77.3% 989 16.2% 207 6.5% 83
1900 74.0% 808 23.2% 253 2.8% 31
1896 73.3% 771 23.8% 250 3.0% 31
1892 57.8% 488 36.1% 305 6.1% 51

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Here's How Iron Got Its Name". The Rhinelander Daily News. June 16, 1932. p. 2. Retrieved August 24, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°54′N 91°47′W / 45.90°N 91.79°W / 45.90; -91.79