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A woman washes her hands with soap and water.

Washing is a method of cleaning, usually with water and soap or detergent. Regularly washing and then rinsing both body and clothing is an essential part of good hygiene and health.[1][2][3]

Often people use soaps and detergents to assist in the emulsification of oils and dirt particles so they can be washed away. The soap can be applied directly, or with the aid of a washcloth.

People wash themselves, or bathe periodically for religious ritual or therapeutic purposes[4] or as a recreational activity.

In Europe, some people use a bidet to wash their external genitalia and the anal region after using the toilet, instead of using toilet paper.[5] The bidet is common in predominantly Catholic countries where water is considered essential for anal cleansing.[6]

More frequent is washing of just the hands, e.g. before and after preparing food and eating, after using the toilet, after handling something dirty, etc. Hand washing is important in reducing the spread of germs.[7][8] Also common is washing the face, which is done after waking up, or to keep oneself cool during the day. Brushing one's teeth is also essential for hygiene and is a part of washing.

'Washing' can also refer to the washing of clothing or other cloth items, like bedsheets, whether by hand or with a washing machine. It can also refer to washing one's car, by lathering the exterior with car soap, then rinsing it off with a hose, or washing cookware.

A private home washing machine

Excessive washing may damage the hair, causing dandruff, or cause rough skin/skin lesions.[9][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bockmühl, Dirk P.; Schages, Jan; Rehberg, Laura (2019). "Laundry and textile hygiene in healthcare and beyond". Microbial Cell. 6 (7): 299–306. doi:10.15698/mic2019.07.682. ISSN 2311-2638. PMC 6600116. PMID 31294042.
  2. ^ Moyer, Melinda Wenner (2023-10-23). "Do You Really Need to Shower Every Day?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-04-22.
  3. ^ Hadaway, Alexis (2020-01-02). "Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives". Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet. 24 (1): 43–49. doi:10.1080/15398285.2019.1710981. ISSN 1539-8285.
  4. ^ Shove, Elizabeth (2004). Comfort, Cleanliness and Convenience The Social Organization of Normality (New Technologies/New Cultures). New York: Berg. ISBN 978-1-85973-630-2.
  5. ^ "Eco-Friendly Cleaning Cloth and Toilet Papers". SimplyNatural. 2020-06-18. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  6. ^ E. Clark, Mary (2006). Contemporary Biology: Concepts and Implications. University of Michigan Press. p. 613. ISBN 9780721625973. Douching is commonly practiced in Catholic countries. The bidet ... is still commonly found in France and other Catholic countries.
  7. ^ "Show Me the Science - Why Wash Your Hands? | Handwashing | CDC". www.cdc.gov. May 4, 2023.
  8. ^ Thomas Osborne, M.D. "Clean hands are key to preventing illness". Archived from the original on 2007-07-01.
  9. ^ Ettinger, Jill (2018-10-22). "You Probably Wash Your Hair Way Too Much (Really!)". Organic Authority. Retrieved 2024-04-22.
  10. ^ Petersen, Eiko E. (2005-12-07). Infections in Obstetrics and Gynecology: Textbook and Atlas. Thieme. pp. 6–13. ISBN 978-3-13-161511-4.