Washington's 10th congressional district
|Washington's 10th congressional district|
|Current Representative||Dennis Heck (D–Olympia)|
|Area||827 sq mi (2,140 km2)|
|Population (2011 est.)||685,260|
Washington's 10th congressional district encompasses Olympia, Tacoma, and suburbs. It was created after the 2010 United States Census, elected Dennis Heck to the United States House of Representatives in the 2012 elections.
By Washington state law, a non-partisan commission composed of two Republicans, two Democrats, and a non-voting chairperson drew the boundaries for this new district as well as the new boundaries for Washington's existing districts. The Washington Redistricting Commission was tasked with drawing the maps for congressional and legislative districts in the year after each census, including the new 10th Congressional District. The first commissioners' maps were released on September 13, 2011. In addition, several third party maps were submitted to the commissioners by citizens and advocacy groups.
Commissioner Tim Ceis
Commissioner Ceis, representing the Senate Democratic leadership, submitted a draft plan that would place the new 10th district in SW Pierce, northern Thurston, eastern Mason, and far southern King counties. It would include the cities of Shelton, Olympia, Fircrest, Pacific, Fife, Puyallup, and part of Tacoma. Federal Way, Auburn, Bonney Lake, Orting, Yelm, and McCleary were just outside the borders of the proposed 10th district. This proposed 10th district voted for Democrat Patty Murray over Republican Dino Rossi about 53.7/46.3 in the 2010 Senate Election, and is around 68.3% white.
Commissioner Slade Gorton
Commissioner Gorton, representing the Senate Republican leadership, submitted a draft plan placing the new 10th district across the northern part of the state, straddling the Cascade mountains to take in Island, San Juan, Whatcom, Skagit, Chelan, Douglas, Okanogan, northern and eastern parts of Snohmish county, and the city of Skykomish in King county. It would have included the cities of Bellingham, Granite Falls, Arlington, Monroe, Wenatchee, Iroville, and most of Coulee Dam. Grand Coulee, Quincy, Republic, and Marysville were just outside the proposed boundaries. This proposed 10th district voted for Republican Dino Rossi over Democrat Patty Murray about 52.6/47.4, and is 79% white. Gorton's proposal also suggested the possibility of renumbering the congressional districts from west to east, which would mean that district No. 10 would be in the far east of the state, where the existing (pre-2012) 5th district was located.
Commissioner Dean Foster
Commissioner Foster, representing the House Democratic leadership, submitted a draft plan that would place the new 10th district on the Pacific Coast, Olympic Peninsula, and south Puget Sound, taking in Pacific, Grays Harbor, Clallam, all but the easternmost portion of Jefferson, western Mason, northern Thurston, and southwest Pierce counties. It would include Sequim, Olympia, Fife, Puyallup, Eatonville, and Steilacoom, while excluding Shelton, Port Townsend, Lakewood, Sumner, Orting, Tacoma, and Yelm. This proposed 10th district voted for Democrat Patty Murray over Republican Dino Rossi 51.3/48.7, and is 75.8% white.
Commissioner Tom Huff
Commissioner Huff, representing the House Republican leadership, submitted a draft plan that would make the new 10th district a majority-minority district, entirely in south King county. It would include, Federal Way, Kent, Newcastle, SeaTac, Des Moines, Pacific, and parts of south Seattle, Auburn, and Burien. This proposed 10th district voted for Democrat Patty Murray over Republican Dino Rossi 63/37, and is 48.8% white, 19.9% Asian, 13.6% Hispanic, 11.9% Black, and 5.9% Native and others.
Several third parties submitted draft plans to the Redistricting Commission for consideration. Of those plans, United for Fair Representation WA / Win-Win Network submitted a plan quite similar to Commissioner Foster's draft proposal for the 10th district. John Milem's submission includes a district that closely matches Commissioner Gorton's draft proposal for the 10th. United for Fair Representation's Unity map proposal also has a district quite similar to the draft proposal from Commissioner Ceis. Van Anderson submitted a proposal that includes a coastal/Olympic peninsula 10th district similar to Commissioner Foster's draft proposal for the 10th district.
The Gorton/Ceis compromise
At the December 16, 2011 Redistricting Commission meeting, Commissioners Gorton and Ceis were tasked with developing the 2012 congressional district map, while Commissioners Foster and Huff worked on a legislative plan for Eastern Washington. At the December 28 meeting, Commissioners Ceis and Gorton released a proposed Congressional map which places the 10th district centered on Olympia, including Fort Lewis/McChord Air Field (Joint Base Lewis-McChord facility), McNeil and Anderson islands, the cities of Shelton, Tenino, University Place, Puyallup, Fife, Edgewood, Sumner, and the parts of Milton and Pacific in Pierce County. The final map of the 10th Congressional District did not deviate significantly from the Gorton/Ceis proposal (see next para.). The state legislature will be able to amend the finalized Commission borders by up to 2% of the population with a supermajority vote.
Final Commission-approved Plan
The Washington Redistricting Commission officially approved a congressional redistricting plan for the approval of the state legislature on January 1, 2012, just before 10 pm, two hours before the statutory deadline. The final congressional plan for the 10th district closely mirrored the Gorton/Ceis proposal, except that the cities of Milton and Pacific were placed entirely in the 8th district, instead of being split at the King/Pierce county line. In compensation for the loss of Milton and Pacific, the dividing line between the 10th and 8th districts was altered to include a larger population between Puyallup and Roy. 
List of representatives
District was created January 3, 2013, as Washington elected a 10th district representative.
|Denny Heck||Democratic||January 3, 2013 –
|Elected in 2012|
- Barone, Michael (2013). Koszczuk, Jackie, ed. The Almanac of American Politics (2014 ed.). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. pp. 1791–1793. ISBN 978-0-226-10544-4.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Census confirms Washington will get 10th seat in U.S. House". Miami Herald. December 21, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- "Existing Maps". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- "Do-It-Yourself Kit". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- Ceis, Tim. "Draft Congressional Plan No. 1 – Commissioner Ceis – September 13, 2011" (PDF). Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- Bradley, Dave. "Washington Redistricting: Numbers". Daily Kos elections diary. Daily Kos. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- Gorton, Slade. "Draft Congressional Plan No. 1 – Commissioner Gorton – September 13, 2011" (PDF). Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- Gorton, Slade. "September 13 presentation" (PDF). Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- Foster, Dean. "Draft Congressional Plan No. 1 – Commissioner Foster – September 13, 2011" (PDF). Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- Huff, Tom. "Draft Congressional Plan No. 1 – Commissioner Huff – September 13, 2011" (PDF). Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- "10th Dist Map" (PDF). WinWin Network. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- Millem, John. "Millem Exact" (PDF).
- Anderson, Van. "Congressional Map" (PDF). Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- "Commission Meetings and Public Forums". Washington Redistricting Commission. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "2011 Commissioners Draft Plans". Proposed Draft Congressional Map from December 28, 2011 Special Meeting. Washington Redistricting Commission. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "2011 Final Plan as voted on by the Commission". Washington Redistricting Commission. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Washington State Redistricting Commission
- Find your new congressional district: a searchable map, Seattle Times, January 13, 2012