Washington, Maine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Washington County, Maine.
Washington, Maine
Town
Town of Washington
Flag of Washington, Maine
Flag
Official seal of Washington, Maine
Seal
Location in Knox County and the state of Maine.
Location in Knox County and the state of Maine.
Coordinates: 44°16′23″N 69°23′8″W / 44.27306°N 69.38556°W / 44.27306; -69.38556
Country United States of America
State Maine
County Knox
Settled 1797
Incorporated (town) February 27, 1811
Area[1]
 • Total 39.20 sq mi (101.53 km2)
 • Land 38.04 sq mi (98.52 km2)
 • Water 1.16 sq mi (3.00 km2)
Elevation 338 ft (103 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,527
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,530
 • Density 40.1/sq mi (15.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04574
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-80425
GNIS feature ID 0582792
Website www.washington.maine.gov

Washington, officially the Town of Washington, is a town in Knox County, Maine. The population was 1,527 at the 2010 United States Census.

History[edit]

Washington, Maine was first settled in 1797. It was settled by the Nelson family. At that time it was known as Putnam named after General Israel Putnam, a war hero. It was officially changed to Washington in 1825. One early item of interest in Washington's history was the "paint mine". There was a large deposit of red and yellow ocher found in a cave, which may have been used by people who lived here three to five thousand years ago and who used large quantities of ocher, normally red, to cover both the bodies of the dead and the burial artifacts. Archaeologists refer to these people as "Red Paint People". The red panel at the hoist of the Official Town Flag refers to these people. [4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.20 square miles (101.53 km2), of which, 38.04 square miles (98.52 km2) of it is land and 1.16 square miles (3.00 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 620
1830 1,135
1840 1,600 41.0%
1850 1,756 9.8%
1860 1,662 −5.4%
1870 1,276 −23.2%
1880 1,249 −2.1%
1890 1,230 −1.5%
1900 1,019 −17.2%
1910 814 −20.1%
1920 660 −18.9%
1930 615 −6.8%
1940 689 12.0%
1950 722 4.8%
1960 636 −11.9%
1970 723 13.7%
1980 954 32.0%
1990 1,185 24.2%
2000 1,345 13.5%
2010 1,527 13.5%
Est. 2014 1,522 [5] −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,527 people, 614 households, and 427 families residing in the town. The population density was 40.1 inhabitants per square mile (15.5/km2). There were 797 housing units at an average density of 21.0 per square mile (8.1/km2). The ethnic makeup of the town was 96.9% White, 0.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.

There were 614 households of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the town was 43.9 years. 20.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 33.3% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 51.9% male and 48.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,345 people, 518 households, and 361 families residing in the town. The population density was 35.4 people per square mile (13.7/km²). There were 694 housing units at an average density of 18.3 per square mile (7.1/km²). The ethnic makeup of the town was 98.81% White, 0.07% Native American, 0.07% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.

There were 518 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 104.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,492, and the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $21,136 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,488. About 8.8% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  4. ^ washington.maine.gov
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients". United States Army. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°16′25″N 69°22′02″W / 44.27361°N 69.36722°W / 44.27361; -69.36722