Washington Blues

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Washington Blues
Active 1814
Country United States
Allegiance United States of America
Branch Army
Type Militia
Part of Maryland Line
Engagements

War of 1812

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Captain George H. Steuart
The Battle of North Point, painted by Thomas Ruckle, a corporal who served in George H. Steuart's company of Maryland Militia, the Washington Blues.

The Washington Blues were a company of Maryland Volunteers which saw action during the Battle of Bladensberg and the Battle of North Point, during the War of 1812.

History[edit]

When war broke out between the United States and Great Britain, George H. Steuart (then Captain Steuart) raised a company of Maryland volunteers, known as the Washington Blues,[1] part of the 5th Maryland Regiment[2] commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Sterett.[3] They saw action at the Battle of Bladensberg (August 24, 1814),[4] where the Americans, including the 5th Regiment, were routed by the British. Although the 5th had "evinced a disposition to make a gallant resistance", it was flanked by the redcoats and forced to retreat in some disorder.[5] After the battle, British forces entered Washington DC and burned the city.

Steuart's company fought better at the Battle of North Point (September 12, 1814),[6] where the militia were able to hold the line for several hours before making a fighting retreat, and where Steuart was wounded.[7] Some of the militia regiments, such as the 51st, and some members of 39th, broke and ran under fire, but the 5th and 27th held their ground and were able to retreat in reasonably good order having inflicted significant casualties on the advancing enemy.[8] Corporal John McHenry of the 5th Regiment wrote an account of the battle:

"Our Regiment, the 5th, carried off the praise from the other regiments engaged, so did the company to which I have the honor to belong cover itself with glory. When compared to the [other] Regiments we were the last that left the ground...had our Regiment not retreated at the time it did we should have been cut off in two minutes."[8]

Notable members[edit]

  • Corporal Thomas Ruckle was among those who volunteered for the Washington Blues. Ruckle was a sign painter and glazier, and also an amateur painter.[9][10] Ruckle's paintings The Battle of North Point, and The Defense of Baltimore were painted shortly after the events they describe, and are now in the collection of the Maryland Historical Society.[11]

On April 19, 1861, during the start of the American Civil War, Baltimore was disrupted by riots, during which Southern sympathizers attacked Union troops passing through the city by rail. Steuart himself was strongly sympathetic to the Confederacy and, perhaps knowing this, Governor Hicks did not call out the militia to suppress the riots.[13] On May 13, 1861 Union troops occupied the state, restoring order and preventing a vote in favor of Southern secession. Steuart moved south for the duration of the Civil War, and much of the general's property was confiscated by the Federal Government as a consequence.[14] However, many members of the newly formed Maryland Line in the Confederate army would be drawn from Steuart's militia.[15]

References[edit]

  • George, Christopher T Terror on the Chesapeake, The War of 1812 on the Bay, White Mane Books (2000).
  • Nelker, Gladys P., The Clan Steuart, Genealogical Publishing (1970).
  • Richardson. Hester Dorey, Side-Lights on Maryland History: With Sketches of Early Maryland Families, Tidewater Publishing, 1967. ASIN: B00146BDXW, ISBN 0-8063-0296-8, ISBN 978-0-8063-0296-6.
  • Steuart, William Calvert, Article in Sunday Sun Magazine, "The Steuart Hill Area's Colorful Past", Baltimore, February 10, 1963.
  • White, Roger B, Article in The Maryland Gazette, "Steuart, Only Anne Arundel Rebel General", November 13, 1969.

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]