Washington County, Ohio

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Washington County, Ohio
Ohio - Washington County Courthouse.jpg
Washington County Courthouse
Flag of Washington County, Ohio
Flag
Seal of Washington County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Washington County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded 27 July, 1788[1]
Named for George Washington
Seat Marietta
Largest city Marietta
Area
 • Total 640 sq mi (1,658 km2)
 • Land 632 sq mi (1,637 km2)
 • Water 8.0 sq mi (21 km2), 1.3%
Population
 • (2010) 61,778
 • Density 98/sq mi (38/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.washingtongov.org

Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,778.[2] Its county seat is Marietta.[3] The county, the oldest in the state, is named for George Washington.[4]

Washington County comprises the Marietta, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 640 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 632 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 8.0 square miles (21 km2) (1.3%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-largest county in Ohio by land area.

Washington County's southern and eastern boundary is the Ohio River. The Muskingum River, Little Muskingum River, Duck Creek, and the Little Hocking River flow through the county to the Ohio River.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 5,427
1810 5,991 10.4%
1820 10,425 74.0%
1830 11,731 12.5%
1840 20,823 77.5%
1850 29,540 41.9%
1860 36,268 22.8%
1870 40,609 12.0%
1880 43,244 6.5%
1890 42,380 −2.0%
1900 48,245 13.8%
1910 45,422 −5.9%
1920 43,049 −5.2%
1930 42,437 −1.4%
1940 43,537 2.6%
1950 44,407 2.0%
1960 51,689 16.4%
1970 57,160 10.6%
1980 64,266 12.4%
1990 62,254 −3.1%
2000 63,251 1.6%
2010 61,778 −2.3%
Est. 2016 60,610 [7] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 63,251 people, 25,137 households, and 17,671 families residing in the county. The population density was 100 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 27,760 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.33% White, 0.92% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.5% were of German, 23.4% American, 12.3% English and 11.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 25,137 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,275, and the median income for a family was $41,605. Males had a median income of $32,034 versus $21,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,082. About 8.60% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 61,778 people, 25,587 households, and 17,092 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 97.8 inhabitants per square mile (37.8/km2). There were 28,367 housing units at an average density of 44.9 per square mile (17.3/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 96.5% white, 1.1% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 29.3% were German, 16.7% were Irish, 11.8% were English, and 10.7% were American.[15]

Of the 25,587 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 43.0 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,654 and the median income for a family was $53,131. Males had a median income of $42,460 versus $28,828 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,786. About 10.8% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Government[edit]

Washington County has a 3-member Board of County Commissioners that oversee the various County departments, similar to all but 2 of the 88 Ohio counties. Washington County's elected commissioners are: Rick Walters (R), David White (R), and Ron Feathers (R).[17]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.1% 20,514 26.6% 8,026 5.3% 1,597
2012 58.4% 17,284 39.4% 11,651 2.3% 667
2008 56.9% 17,019 41.3% 12,368 1.8% 545
2004 58.0% 17,532 41.5% 12,538 0.5% 146
2000 57.9% 15,342 39.2% 10,383 3.0% 790
1996 46.1% 11,965 42.1% 10,945 11.8% 3,067
1992 43.5% 12,204 37.0% 10,380 19.6% 5,489
1988 59.3% 14,767 40.0% 9,967 0.7% 182
1984 66.1% 16,529 31.7% 7,920 2.2% 544
1980 59.7% 14,310 33.1% 7,936 7.2% 1,725
1976 54.6% 11,513 42.3% 8,914 3.2% 669
1972 68.6% 14,023 28.5% 5,814 2.9% 597
1968 58.3% 11,888 33.9% 6,922 7.8% 1,598
1964 44.2% 8,873 55.8% 11,193
1960 64.4% 14,197 35.6% 7,856
1956 69.7% 13,927 30.4% 6,068
1952 65.2% 13,841 34.8% 7,376
1948 57.7% 10,349 42.1% 7,542 0.3% 45
1944 62.4% 11,676 37.6% 7,023
1940 61.2% 13,558 38.8% 8,584
1936 50.7% 10,826 47.8% 10,203 1.5% 325
1932 47.1% 9,352 51.4% 10,208 1.6% 316
1928 73.2% 12,767 26.3% 4,582 0.6% 98
1924 57.1% 8,704 37.6% 5,727 5.3% 808
1920 58.2% 9,279 39.4% 6,286 2.4% 379
1916 45.4% 4,745 50.4% 5,267 4.1% 432
1912 33.5% 3,326 46.7% 4,637 19.9% 1,978
1908 48.7% 5,648 49.7% 5,771 1.6% 188
1904 57.6% 6,522 39.2% 4,436 3.3% 374
1900 53.9% 6,542 44.5% 5,399 1.6% 195
1896 53.0% 5,949 46.2% 5,182 0.9% 95
1892 50.1% 4,845 46.8% 4,524 3.2% 306
1888 51.2% 4,921 46.3% 4,446 2.5% 237
1884 49.9% 4,790 48.7% 4,667 1.4% 136
1880 50.6% 4,711 47.9% 4,452 1.5% 140
1876 49.1% 4,361 50.6% 4,492 0.4% 32
1872 53.3% 4,231 46.3% 3,680 0.4% 32

Washington county is perhaps the most Republican county in eastern Ohio. In 1976 it was one of only two counties on the eastern Ohio border to vote for President Gerald Ford, and in 1996 it was the only county on the eastern border to vote for Bob Dole.

Education[edit]

There are six high schools that serve the people of Washington County (as of 2016).

There is also the Washington County Career Center, a tech school, Washington State Community College, a two-year college, and Marietta College, a four-year college. All are located in Marietta.

Communities[edit]

Map of Washington County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Downtown Marietta and the Muskingum River in July 2006

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Washington County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Washington County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  6. ^ Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1991. pp. 71–73, 80–81. ISBN 0-89933-233-1. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "Washington County Board of County Commissioners". Washington County Ohio Homepage. Retrieved March 12, 2017. 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

  • Israel Ward Andrews, Washington County, and the Early Settlement of Ohio: Being the Centennial Historical Address, before the Citizens of Washington County. Cincinnati, OH: P.G. Thomson, 1877.
  • Martin Register Andrews and Seymour J. Hathaway, History of Marietta and Washington County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens. Chicago : Biographical Publishing Co., 1902.
  • William Dana Emerson, et al., Washington County, Ohio. Marietta, OH: Washington County Historical Society, 1976.
  • Henry Howe, History of Washington County, Ohio, 1788-1889. Knightstown, IN: Bookmark, 1977.
  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.
  • Washington County Historical Society, Washington County, Ohio, to 1980: A Collection of Topical and Family Sketches. Marietta, OH: Washington County Historical Society, 1980.
  • H.Z. Williams & Bro., History of Washington County, Ohio: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches. Cleveland, OH: H.Z. Williams, 1881.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°28′N 81°29′W / 39.46°N 81.49°W / 39.46; -81.49