Washington Huskies football
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|Washington Huskies football|
|Athletic director||Jennifer Cohen|
|Head coach||Chris Petersen
2nd year, 14–12 (.538)
|Stadium||Alaska Airlines Field at Husky Stadium|
|All-time record||703–440–50 (.610)|
|Bowl record||18–17–1 (.514)|
|Claimed nat'l titles||2 (1960, 1991)|
|Unclaimed nat'l titles||3 (1910, 1984, 1990)|
|Conference titles||15 (1916, 1919, 1925, 1936, 1959, 1960, 1963, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995, 2000)|
|Colors||Purple and Gold
|Fight song||Bow Down to Washington|
|Mascot||Dubs, Harry the Husky|
|Marching band||University of Washington Husky Marching Band|
|Rivals||Washington State Cougars
The Washington Huskies football team represents the University of Washington in college football. Washington competes in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) as a member of the North Division of the Pac-12 Conference. Washington has won 15 Pac-10 championships, seven Rose Bowls, and four national championships recognized by the NCAA. Washington's all-time record of 702-440-50 ranks 19th by all-time winning percentage and 22nd by all-time victories. The team has two of the nation's longest winning streaks, including an NCAA second-best of 40 wins in a row, holds the Division I-A unbeaten record at 64 consecutive games, and has had a total of twelve unbeaten seasons, including seven perfect seasons. Washington is one of four charter members of what became the Pac-12 Conference and one of only two schools with uninterrupted membership. From 1977 through 2003, Washington had 27 consecutive non-losing seasons—the most of any team in the Pac-12 and the 14th longest streak by an NCAA Division I-A team. Through the 2011 season, its 357 conference victories rank second in conference history. Husky Stadium, located on campus, has served as the home field for Washington since 1920. The team is currently coached by Chris Petersen.
Washington is often referred to as one of the top Quarterback U's due to the long history of quarterbacks playing in the National Football League, including the second-most QB starts in NFL history. All but two of the last 19 starting quarterbacks dating back to 1970 have gone on to the NFL, the most recent being Jake Locker, drafted eighth overall by the Tennessee Titans in the 2011 NFL Draft.
- 1 History
- 2 Head coaching history
- 2.1 Early history (1889–1907)
- 2.2 Gil Dobie era (1908–1916)
- 2.3 Hunt-Savage-Allison era (1917–1920)
- 2.4 Enoch Bagshaw era (1921–1929)
- 2.5 James Phelan era (1930–1941)
- 2.6 Welch-Odell-Cherberg-Royal era (1942–1956)
- 2.7 Jim Owens era (1957–1974)
- 2.8 Don James era (1975–1992)
- 2.9 Jim Lambright era (1993–1998)
- 2.10 Neuheisel-Gilbertson era (1999–2004)
- 2.11 Tyrone Willingham era (2005–2008)
- 2.12 Steve Sarkisian era (2009–2013)
- 2.13 Chris Petersen era (2014–present)
- 3 All-time record vs. Pac-12 opponents
- 4 Championships
- 5 Current coaching staff
- 6 Bowl games
- 7 Memorable games
- 8 Logos and uniforms
- 9 Future Schedules
- 10 Facilities
- 11 Notable players
- 12 Individual award winners
- 13 Consensus All-Americans
- 14 Heisman voting
- 15 Hall of Fame Huskies
- 16 Season awards
- 17 See also
- 18 References
- 19 External links
Football started at the University of Washington in 1889 under President Thomas Milton Gatch, two years before the school campus in downtown Seattle, Washington was relocated to its current location in the University District. The team's first game was played on November 28, 1889 in Seattle, resulting in a 0-20 defeat to the Eastern College Alumni before a crowd of 400 spectators. This represented the first collegiate football game in the Pacific Northwest.
Washington played its first 26 seasons of college football from 1889 to 1915 as an independent. In 1916, Washington and three others joined to create the Pacific Coast Conference which evolved into the modern day Pac-12 Conference. Membership includes the PCC (1916–1958), Athletic Association of Western Universities or AAWU (1959–1968), Pacific-8 (1969–1978), Pacific-10 (1979–2010), Pac-12 (2011–Present). The Pac-12 Conference claims the history of each of these preceding conferences as its own. Washington and Cal are the only founding and continuous members in each of these successive conferences.
Head coaching history
|Years||Head coach||Record||Bowl game record|
|1892–1893||W. B. Goodwin||2–4–1|
|1895–1896, 1898||Ralph Nichols||7–4–1|
|1897||Carl L. Clemans||1–2|
|1899||A. S. Jeffs||4–1–1|
|1900||J. S. Dodge||1–2–2|
|1917, 1919||Claude J. Hunt||6–3–1|
|2013 (Interim)||Marques Tuiasosopo||1–0||1–0|
*Member of College Football Hall of Fame
Early history (1889–1907)
Ten different men served as Washington head coaches during the first 18 seasons. While still an independent, the team progressed from playing 1 to 2 games per season to 10 matches per season as the sport grew in popularity. The school initially used a variety of locations for its home field. Home attendance grew from a few hundred to a few thousand per home game, with on-campus Denny Field becoming home from 1895 onward. The 1900 team played in-state rival Washington State College to a 5–5 tie, in the first game in the annual contest later known as the Apple Cup.
Gil Dobie era (1908–1916)
Gil Dobie left North Dakota Agricultural and became Washington's head coach in 1908. Dobie coached for nine remarkable seasons at Washington, posting a 58–0–3 record. Dobie's career comprised virtually all of Washington's NCAA all-time longest 64-game unbeaten streak (outscoring opponents 1930 to 118) and included a 40-game winning streak, second longest in NCAA Division I-A/FBS history. In 1916, Washington and three other schools formed the Pacific Coast Conference, predecessor to the modern Pac-12 Conference. In Dobie's final season at Washington, his 1916 team won the PCC's inaugural conference championship. Dobie was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951 as a charter member.
Hunt-Savage-Allison era (1917–1920)
After the Dobie era came to a close, Washington turned to a succession of coaches with mixed results. Claude J. Hunt (1917, 1919) went a cumulative 6–3–1 highlighted by the school's second PCC championship in 1919, Tony Savage (1918) 1–1, and Stub Allison (1920) 1–5.
The era concluded with the team's move from Denny Field to its permanent home field of Husky Stadium in 1920. Washington athletics adopted the initial nickname of Sun Dodgers in 1919 used until 1922, before becoming the Huskies from 1923 onward.
Enoch Bagshaw era (1921–1929)
Enoch Bagshaw graduated from Washington in 1907 as the school's first five-year letterman in football history. After leading Everett High School from 1909 to 1920, including consecutive national championships in 1919 and 1920, Bagshaw returned to Washington as the first former player turned head coach in 1921, ultimately overseeing the program's second period of sustained success.
Bagshaw's tenure was marked by 63–22–6 record and the school's first two Rose Bowl berths, resulting in a 14–14 tie against Navy in the 1924 Rose Bowl and a 19–20 loss to Alabama in the 1926 Rose Bowl. His 1925 team won the school's third PCC championship. Bagshaw left the program after his 1929 team had a losing season, only the second such season in his tenure. Bagshaw died the following year at the age of 46.
James Phelan era (1930–1941)
James Phelan succeeded Bagshaw for the 1930 season. The Notre Dame graduate guided the Huskies to a 65–37–8 record over 12 seasons. His 1936 team won the school's fourth PCC championship, but lost in the 1937 Rose Bowl to Pittsburgh 0–21. Phelan guided the Huskies to their first bowl game victory, beating Hawaii 53–13 in the 1938 Poi Bowl. In later years, he became the first former Husky head coach to also do so in professional football. Phelan was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1973.
Welch-Odell-Cherberg-Royal era (1942–1956)
Following Phelan, Washington fielded a succession of teams under four coaches without either great success, or failure. Washington participated in one bowl game and tallied no conference championships during this period with an overall record of 65–68–7.
Ralph Welch played at Purdue under head coach James Phelan, whom he followed to Washington to become an assistant coach in 1930. In 1942, Welch was promoted to succeed Phelan as Washington's head coach and served until 1947, compiling a record of 27–20–3. World War II limited both the 1943 and 1944 seasons of the PCC, reducing team participation from ten team down to just four. Welch's 1943 team accepted the school's third Rose Bowl bid, but lost to PCC champion USC 0–29 in the 1944 Rose Bowl. Welch's first five teams all fielded winning records, but final 1947 team did not.
John Cherberg, a Washington player and then assistant from 1946 to 1952, became head coach in 1953. He compiled a 10–18–2 record from 1953 to 1955, before being removed due to a payoff scandal. Cherberg went on to become Washington state's longest serving Lieutenant Governor, from 1957 until his death in 1989.
Darrell Royal was retained and led the 1956 team to a 5–5 record, before leaving to coach the Texas Longhorns where he won three national championships, was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1983, and had the Longhorn's stadium renamed in his honor (Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium).
Jim Owens era (1957–1974)
In 1957, Jim Owens came to Washington after stints as an assistant with Paul "Bear" Bryant at Kentucky and Texas A&M. According to legend, after the 1956 season, when the Huskies were looking for a head coach, Bryant indicated to reporters that Owens "will make a great coach for somebody some day." Over 18 seasons, Owens would compile a 99–82–6 record.
After a pair of unremarkable initial seasons, Owens led his 1959, 1960, and 1963 teams to three AAWU championships and associated Rose Bowl berths: a 1960 Rose Bowl 44–8 win over Wisconsin, a 1961 Rose Bowl 17–7 win over Minnesota, and a 7–17 loss to Illinois in the 1964 Rose Bowl. The Helms Athletic Foundation named the 1960 team the national champions, the school's first such title in football.
Owens' later teams would never match this level of success, partly owing to a conference prevention of a second bowl team representative until 1975. Owens concurrently served as the athletic director at Washington from 1960 to 1969. Owens resigned as head coach of the Huskies following the 1974 season, as the Pac-8's third winningest coach of all-time. He was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1982.
Don James era (1975–1992)
Don James came to Washington from Kent State. During his 18-year tenure, James' Huskies won four Rose Bowls and one Orange Bowl. His 1991 team shared the national championship with Miami. The Huskies won 22 consecutive games from 1990–1992. James' record with the Huskies was 153–57–2. James won national coach of the year honors in 1977, 1984 and 1991 and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1997.
During the 1992 season, it was revealed that several of James' Huskies players received improper benefits, most notably starting quarterback Billy Joe Hobert. Although James and his staff were not personally implicated in any NCAA violation, James became upset with the NCAA's sanctions against his team and resigned as head football coach on August 22, 1993.
Jim Lambright era (1993–1998)
Jim Lambright was promoted from defensive coordinator to head coach following the sudden and surprising departure of James. Lambright led the Huskies to four bowl appearances in his six seasons. Despite these bowl appearances and a 44–25–1 overall record, Lambright was fired by athletic director Barbara Hedges after a 6–6 1998 season.
Neuheisel-Gilbertson era (1999–2004)
Rick Neuheisel was hired away from Colorado to take over as the Huskies' head football coach. During his tenure, the Huskies went 33–16, highlighted by a victory in the Rose Bowl in January 2001 over Purdue. Purdue's quarterback Drew Brees was out-dueled by Washington's quarterback Marques Tuiasosopo in an exciting game. Neuheisel also led the Huskies to two berths in the Holiday Bowl and to the Sun Bowl during his four-year tenure.
Neuheisel was fired in June 2003 after he admitted to taking part in a calcutta pool for the 2003 Men's NCAA basketball tournament. Neuheisel sued for wrongful termination, ultimately settling the case in March 2005 for $4.5 million, paid by the NCAA and Washington athletics department.
Keith Gilbertson was promoted from offensive coordinator to head coach following Neuheisel's termination. Gilbertson's first season ended with a decent 6–6 record despite no bowl appearance. But a 1-10 season the next season ended in his firing. That 1–10 season is only Washington's second since the end of World War II. In two seasons, Gilbertson's record was 7–16.
Tyrone Willingham era (2005–2008)
Former Notre Dame head coach Tyrone Willingham was hired as the next head football coach of the Washington Huskies. Willingham's Huskies failed to post a winning record in any of Willingham's four seasons, the best being a 5-7 2006 season. Willingham's record at Washington is a dismal 11–37, the worst winning percentage (.229) of any head football coach in Washington Huskies football history. Willingham was fired after a winless 2008 season.
Steve Sarkisian era (2009–2013)
USC offensive coordinator Steve Sarkisian was named the 23rd head football coach of the Washington Huskies following the firing of Willingham. Sarkisian, known as an offensive mind and quarterbacks coach, helped develop Jake Locker into an elite college quarterback. Sarkisian never won more than eight games in a single season despite only one losing season. Sarkisian departed after the 2013 season to return to USC as the head football coach. Sarkisian's record at Washington was 34–29.
Chris Petersen era (2014–present)
All-time record vs. Pac-12 opponents
|School||UW Record||Streak||1st Meeting|
|Arizona State||15–19||Lost 10||1975|
|Oregon State||61–34–4||Won 3||1897|
|Washington State||70–32–6||Won 3||1900|
Washington claims 1960 and 1991 national championships, with the NCAA record book additionally recognizing the 1984 and 1990 seasons. Bill Libby selected Washington as the 1910 National Champion.
|1910||Gil Dobie||Bill Libby||6-0|
|1960||Jim Owens||Helms||10-1||Won Rose Bowl|
|1984||Don James||B(QPRS), FN, NCF||11-1||Won Orange Bowl|
|1990||Don James||R(FACT)||10-2||Won Rose Bowl|
|1991||Don James||B(QPRS), DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, R(FACT), SR, UPI/NFF, USAT/CNN||12-0||Won Rose Bowl|
1960 National champions
The 1960 team took an improbable road to the Rose Bowl and national championship. After suffering a 1-point setback to Navy in week three, the team reeled off eight straight league wins capped by a triumph over Associated Press #1 Minnesota in the Rose Bowl. Because the final Associated Press and United Press International polls were conducted after the final game of the regular season, Minnesota is the AP and UPI national champion for 1960. The postseason poll conducted by the Helms Athletic Foundation recognizes Washington as national champions.
|September 17||vs. Pacific||W||55||6|
|September 24||vs. Idaho||W||41||12|
|October 1||vs. Navy||L||15||14|
|October 8||@ *Stanford||W||29||10|
|October 15||vs. *UCLA||W||10||8|
|October 22||@ *Oregon State (Portland)||W||30||29|
|October 29||vs. *Oregon||W||7||6|
|November 5||@ *USC||W||34||0|
|November 12||vs. *California||W||27||7|
|November 19||@ *Washington State||W||8||7|
|January 2||vs. Minnesota||W||17||7||@ Pasadena, CA Rose Bowl|
1984 National champions
The Huskies opened the 1984 college football season with a 9-0 record which included a 20-11 win at #4 Michigan in Michigan Stadium. While being ranked #1 in the AP poll, the Huskies dropped a 16-7 game to eventual Pac-10 champion USC, which cost Washington a chance at the Rose Bowl. The Huskies instead were invited to play in the Orange Bowl against the #2 Oklahoma Sooners. The game is famous for the Sooner Schooner incident. After Oklahoma kicked a field goal to take a 17-14 lead in the fourth quarter, a penalty was called on the Sooners which nullified the score. The Sooner Schooner driver, who didn’t see the flag, drove the wagon on the field and was immediately flagged for unsportsmanlike conduct. The ensuing field goal attempt was blocked and led a momentum shift which saw Washington score two touchdowns in less than a minute en route to a 28-17 victory. Senior Jacque Robinson rushed for 135 yards and was named MVP, the first player in history to be named MVP of both the Orange and Rose Bowls.
In winning, the Huskies became the first team from the Pac-10 to play in and win the Orange Bowl. The Huskies finished the year ranked #2 in the polls, behind the WAC champion Brigham Young (13-0-0), 24-17 victors over the unranked Michigan Wolverines (6-5-0) in the Holiday Bowl. BYU's title was notable for being the only time since the inception of the AP poll that a team was awarded the national title without beating an opponent ranked in the top 25 at the season's end. The Huskies were given the opportunity to play BYU in the Holiday Bowl but chose a larger bowl payout over playing a higher ranked opponent in BYU which carried a 22-game win streak into the bowl season. The B (QPRS), FN, and NCF polls awarded the Huskies the national championship, while the school does not claim it.
|September 8||vs. Northwestern (2-9)||W||26||0|
|September 15||@ Michigan (6-6)||W||20||11|
|September 22||vs. Houston (7-5)||W||35||7|
|September 29||vs. Miami (Oh) (4-7)||W||53||7|
|October 6||@ *Oregon State (2-9)||W||19||7|
|October 13||@ *Stanford (5-6)||W||37||15|
|October 20||vs. *Oregon (6-5)||W||17||10|
|October 27||vs. *Arizona (7-4)||W||28||12|
|November 3||vs. *California (2-9)||W||44||14|
|November 10||@ *USC (9-3)||L||7||16|
|November 17||@ *Washington State (6-5)||W||38||29|
|January 1||vs. Oklahoma (9-2-1)||W||28||17||@ Miami, FL Orange Bowl|
1990 National champions
The Huskies started out the season with two solid wins against San Jose State and Purdue, then welcomed 5th ranked USC and won 31-0. The next week they had a close loss to eventual AP national champion Colorado. After that loss, Washington went on to finish the season averaging over 40 points a game while only giving up 14. Also, during this time Washington would end up beating two more ranked teams on their way to the Rose Bowl. Yet, in the second to last game Washington lost to UCLA. Washington subsequently entered the Rose Bowl with a record of 9-2 looking for a victory over highly ranked Iowa. During the game, the Huskies won in dominating fashion with a final score of 46-34, displaying its trademark defense including a NCAA-best run-defense which allowed 66.8 yards per game.[page needed]
The AP said that the University of Colorado was the National Champion along with the UPI choosing the only undefeated team Georgia Tech. Washington was ranked #5 in the AP poll, receiving no first place votes. The Rothman/FACT, active from 1968–2006, stated that the Washington Huskies were National Champions for 1990, sharing the honor with Colorado, Georgia Tech, and Miami. The school does not claim this championship.
|September 8||vs. San Jose State||W||20||17|
|September 15||@ Purdue||W||20||14|
|September 22||vs. #5 *USC||W||31||0|
|September 29||@ #20 Colorado||L||14||20|
|October 6||@ *Arizona State||W||42||14|
|October 13||vs. #19 *Oregon||W||38||17|
|October 20||@ *Stanford||W||52||16|
|October 27||vs. *California||W||46||7|
|November 3||vs. #23 *Arizona||W||54||10|
|November 10||vs. *UCLA||L||22||25|
|November 17||@ *Washington State||W||55||10|
|January 1||vs. Iowa||W||46||34||@ Pasadena, CA Rose Bowl|
1991 National champions
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The Huskies opened the 1991 season on the road, with a 42-7 victory over the Stanford Cardinal. Following a week off, Washington traveled to Lincoln, Nebraska for a showdown with #9 Nebraska. Trailing 21-9 late in the third quarter, Washington staged a rally, scoring 27 unanswered points to claim a 36-21 victory. The Husky offense, led by junior QB Billy Joe Hobert, gained a total of 618 yards. The 618 yards given up by the Cornhuskers was the most in 35 years. The following week saw the return of QB Mark Brunell, the 1991 Rose Bowl MVP who had suffered a knee injury in the spring, as the Huskies beat Kansas State 56-3, while holding the Wildcats to minus-17 yards on the ground. The Huskies followed with back-to-back shutouts of Arizona and Toledo. California was next and the Huskies traveled to Berkeley to face the #7 Golden Bears. Washington won a wild game that was decided on the final play when Walter Bailey broke up a pass on the goal line to preserve a 24-17 win for the Huskies. Oregon and Arizona State visited Husky Stadium next and each walked away with a loss. The Huskies went on their final road trip of the season, first to USC where they won in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum for the first time since 1980. Needing a victory to clinch a Rose Bowl berth, Washington rolled to a 58-6 win over Oregon State. The Washington State Cougars came to Seattle for the Apple Cup but were no match for the Huskies, as Washington won 56-21, setting up a showdown with Michigan in the Rose Bowl, held January 1, 1992.
The Husky defense, led by Lombardi Award and Outland Trophy winner Steve Emtman, held Michigan to only 205 total yards, limiting Heisman Trophy winner Desmond Howard to only one catch. The Husky offense, led by quarterbacks Mark Brunell and Billy Joe Hobert, racked up 404 yards of total offense in leading the Huskies to a 34-14 Rose Bowl victory. Hobert and Emtman shared MVP honors.
- Steve Emtman (DT) and Mario Bailey (WR) were consensus All-American picks. Dave Hoffmann (LB) and Lincoln Kennedy (OT) were All-American selections.
- Don James was voted Pac-10 and National Coach of the Year.
- Steve Emtman was the Pac-10 Defensive Player of the Year and Mario Bailey was the Pac-10 Offensive Player of the Year.
- Mario Bailey (WR), Ed Cunningham (C), Steve Emtman (DT), Chico Fraley (LB), Dana Hall (CB), Dave Hoffmann (LB), Donald Jones (LB) and Lincoln Kennedy (OL) were First Team All Pac-10.
- The Huskies led the NCAA in total defense for most of the year, allowing only 237.1 yards per game.
The Huskies were voted national champions by the USA Today/CNN Coaches Poll, while the Miami Hurricanes topped the AP Poll. The 1991 team averaged over 41 points per game, only once scoring fewer than 20 points, and held opponents to an average of less than 10 points per game, including two shutouts.
|September 7||@ *Stanford (8-4)||W||42||7|
|September 21||@ Nebraska (9-2-1)||W||36||21|
|September 28||vs. Kansas State (7-4)||W||56||3|
|October 5||vs. *Arizona (4-7)||W||54||0|
|October 12||vs. Toledo (5-5-1)||W||48||0|
|October 19||@ *California (10-2)||W||24||17|
|October 26||vs. *Oregon (3-8)||W||29||7|
|November 2||vs. *Arizona State (6-5)||W||44||16|
|November 9||@ *USC (3-8)||W||14||3|
|November 16||@ *Oregon State (1-10)||W||58||6|
|November 23||vs. *Washington State (4-7)||W||56||21|
|January 1||vs. Michigan (10-2)||W||34||14||@ Pasadena, CA Rose Bowl|
Washington has captured a total of 15 conference championships; this includes 4 PCC, 3 AAWU, 1 Pac-8, and 7 Pac-10 championships, and at least one in every decade except the 1940s. Washington won the inaugural PCC championship in 1916. Washington's 15 championships rank third in league history, behind USC's 38 and UCLA's 17 as of 2013. The conference did not allow participation of a second bowl team beyond the conference champion, until 1975.
|Season||Conference||Coach||Conference Record||Overall Record|
|1919||PCC||Claude J. Hunt||2-1-0||5-1-0|
|Conference Championships||4 PCC, 3 AAWU, 1 Pac-8, 7 Pac-10|
Rose Bowl championships
Washington has been continuously affiliated with the Pac-12 Conference and its predecessors, which have contractually agreed to send a representative (typically the conference champion) to participate in the Rose Bowl. The Big Ten Conference was similarly contracted following World War II. This pairing made the Rose Bowl the most prestigious Bowl Game available to Pac-12 teams, prior to the BCS era.
|1959||January 1, 1960||1960 Rose Bowl||Wisconsin||44-8||100,809|
|1960||January 2, 1961||1961 Rose Bowl||Minnesota||17-7||97,314|
|1977||January 2, 1978||1978 Rose Bowl||Michigan||27-20||105,312|
|1981||January 1, 1982||1982 Rose Bowl||Iowa||28-0||105,611|
|1990||January 1, 1991||1991 Rose Bowl||Iowa||46-34||101,273|
|1991||January 1, 1992||1992 Rose Bowl||Michigan||34-14||103,566|
|2000||January 1, 2001||2001 Rose Bowl||Purdue||34-24||94,392|
Current coaching staff
- Chris Petersen - Head coach
- Jonathan Smith - Offensive coordinator/Quarterbacks coach
- Pete Kwiatkowski - Defensive coordinator
- Jimmy Lake - Defensive backs coach/Co-Defensive coordinator
- Chris Strausser - Associate Head coach/Offensive line coach
- Bob Gregory - Assistant Head coach/Linebackers coach/Special Teams coordinator
- Keith Bhonapha - Recruiting coordinator/Running backs coach
- Bush Hamdan - Wide receivers coach/Passing game coordinator
- Ikaika Malloe - Defensive line coach
- Jordan Paopao - Tight ends coach
- Tim Socha - Strength & conditioning coach
The Washington Huskies have a long history and tradition of playing in the Rose Bowl. The Huskies' 14 Rose Bowl appearances are second only to USC in the Pac-10 and third overall (behind USC with 30 and the Michigan Wolverines with 19). The Huskies' seven victories are also third behind USC (21) and Michigan (8). In addition, Washington is also in an elite group of only seven schools to make back-to-back-to-back appearances in the Rose Bowl, a feat they accomplished in 1990–1992. The other schools are Ohio State, Michigan, and Wisconsin from the Big 10 and California, Stanford and USC from the Pac-10. Washington has won at least one Rose Bowl game in every decade since the 1960s. The Pac-8 did not allow a second bowl team from the conference until 1975.
|Jan. 1, 1924||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Navy||T||14-14||40,000||First Rose Bowl Appearance|
|Jan. 1, 1926||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Alabama||L||19-20||45,000|
|Jan. 1, 1937||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Pittsburgh||L||0-21||87,196|
|Jan. 1, 1938||Poi Bowl||Honolulu, Hawai’i||Hawai’i||W||53-13||13,500|
|Jan. 1, 1944||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||USC||L||0-29||68,000|
|Jan. 1, 1960||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Wisconsin||W||44-8||100,809|
|Jan. 2, 1961||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Minnesota||W||17-7||97,314||National Champions|
|Jan. 1, 1964||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Illinois||L||7-17||96,957|
|Jan. 2, 1978||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Michigan||W||27-20||105,312|
|Dec. 22, 1979||Sun Bowl||El Paso, TX||Texas||W||14-7||33,412|
|Jan. 1, 1981||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Michigan||L||6-23||104,863|
|Jan. 1, 1982||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Iowa||W||28-0||105,611|
|Dec. 25, 1982||Aloha Bowl||Honolulu, HI||Maryland||W||21-20||30,055|
|Dec. 26, 1983||Aloha Bowl||Honolulu, HI||Penn State||L||10-13||37,212|
|Jan. 1, 1985||Orange Bowl||Miami, FL||Oklahoma||W||28-17||56,294||National Champions, First Pac-10 Participant|
|Dec. 30, 1985||Freedom Bowl||Anaheim, CA||Colorado||W||20-17||30,961|
|Dec. 25, 1986||Sun Bowl||El Paso, TX||Alabama||L||6-28||48,722|
|Dec. 19, 1987||Independence Bowl||Shreveport, LA||Tulane||W||24-12||41,683|
|Dec. 30, 1989||Freedom Bowl||Anaheim, CA||Florida||W||34-7||33,858|
|Jan. 1, 1991||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Iowa||W||46-34||101,273||National Champions|
|Jan. 1, 1992||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Michigan||W||34-14||103,566||National Champions|
|Jan. 1, 1993||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Michigan||L||31-38||94,236|
|Dec. 29, 1995||Sun Bowl||El Paso, TX||Iowa||L||18-38||49,116|
|Dec. 30, 1996||Holiday Bowl||San Diego, CA||Colorado||L||21-33||54,749|
|Dec. 25, 1997||Aloha Bowl||Honolulu, HI||Michigan State||W||51-23||34,419|
|Dec. 25, 1998||Oahu Bowl||Honolulu, HI||Air Force||L||25-45||46,451|
|Dec. 29, 1999||Holiday Bowl||San Diego, CA||Kansas State||L||20-24||57,118|
|Jan. 1, 2001||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Purdue||W||34-24||94,392|
|Dec. 28, 2001||Holiday Bowl||San Diego, CA||Texas||L||43-47||60,548|
|Dec. 31, 2002||Sun Bowl||El Paso, TX||Purdue||L||24-34||48,917|
|Dec. 30, 2010||Holiday Bowl||San Diego, CA||Nebraska||W||19-7||57,921||lost during season to Nebraska 56-21|
|Dec. 29, 2011||Alamo Bowl||San Antonio, TX||Baylor||L||56-67||65,256|
|Dec. 22, 2012||Las Vegas Bowl||Las Vegas, NV||Boise State||L||26-28||33,217|
|Dec. 27, 2013||Fight Hunger Bowl||San Francisco, CA||BYU||W||31-16||34,136|
|Jan. 2, 2015||Cactus Bowl||Tempe, Arizona||Oklahoma State||L||22-30||35,409|
|Dec. 26, 2015||Heart of Dallas Bowl||Dallas, Texas||Southern Miss||W||44-31||20,229|
1975 Apple Cup
In the 1975 Apple Cup, Washington State led 27-14 with 3 minutes left in the game. WSU attempted a fourth-and-one conversion at the UW 14-yard line rather than a field goal. The resulting pass was intercepted by Al Burleson and returned 93 yards for a touchdown. After a WSU three-and-out, Warren Moon's tipped pass was caught by Spider Gaines for a 78-yard TD reception and a dramatic 28-27 Washington win. WSU Head Coach Jim Sweeney resigned a week later, leaving with a 26-59-1 record.
1981 Apple Cup
When 14th-ranked Washington State and 17th-ranked Washington met in the 1981 Apple Cup, it was billed as the biggest game in the series since the 1936 game when the winner traveled to the Rose Bowl. Washington's defense was the best in the league, while the Cougars ranked high in the offenseive categories. The outcome of the UCLA-USC game, which kicked off 40 minutes before the UW-WSU game, also had an impact on the game. The Huskies needed the Trojans to upset UCLA to clear the way for a Rose Bowl bid. With so much at stake, there was plenty of scoreboard watching by the frenzied Husky faithful.
With his team trailing 7-3 late in the second quarter, Husky quarterback Steve Pelluer fired a low pass towards wide-out Paul Skansi. Washington State cornerback Nate Brady looked as if he would smother the ball when Skansi dove over the defender for an amazing catch in the endzone.
Washington State drove the ball 69 yards to open the second half and tie the score at 10. From that point the Huskies- behind the fine play of their offensive line- took control. Ron "Cookie" Jackson capped an 80-yard march by running 23 yards to put the Huskies ahead 17-10. Following a Cougar turnover, All-American kicker Chuck Nelson booted his second field goal of the game to increase the Huskies' lead to 10 points.
The fate of the Cougars was sealed when the score of the USC-UCLA game was announced- the Trojans had engineered an upset. The crowd went wild, Nelson added a field goal with less than three minutes to play, and the Huskies were off to the Rose Bowl.
1990 - 'All I Saw Was Purple'
Heading into the 1990 season, the winner of the USC-Washington game had gone to the Rose Bowl in 10 of the previous 13 seasons. The 1990 match would substantiate that trend. Washington's All-Centennial team was feted the night before and introduced at halftime of the game, while two members of the historic team- Hugh McElhenny and Nesby Glasgow- delivered inspirational talks to the team. On a bright, sunny day with the temperature reaching 92 degrees, the crowd of 72,617 eagerly awaited the contest. They could not have imagined the outcome.
For just the third time in 23 seasons the Huskies shut out USC, handing the Trojans their worst conference defeat in 30 years. "Student Body Right" was held to only 28 rushing yards as the Husky defense dominated the line of scrimmage. Greg Lewis the Doak Walker Award winner as the nation's top running back gained 126 rushing yards and sophomore quarterback Mark Brunell threw for 197 yards as the Huskies rolled to a 24-0 halftime lead.
The Husky defense, led by All-American lineman Steve Emtman, stopped everything the Trojans attempted. The defense would hold USC to 163 total yards and seven first downs for the game. They would record three sacks and put so much pressure on Todd Marinovich that after the game, weary and beaten, he said famously: "I just saw purple. That's all. No numbers, just purple".
1992 - 'A Night To Remember'
Playing in their first night game since 1985, Washington posted an impressive victory against 12th-ranked Nebraska that might have provided the loudest moment in the stadium's long and boisterous history.
Late in the first quarter, Husky Punter John Werdel pinned Nebraska on its three yard-line. Crowd noise caused the Husker linemen to false start on consecutive plays, only adding to the frenzy of the crowd.
When Nebraska quarterback Mike Grant dropped back to his own endzone to attempt a pass, everyone in the stands watched roverback Tommie Smith blitz Grant from his blindside and drop him for a safety. The deafening roar reverberating off the twin roofs literally had the stadium rocking. An ESPN sideline reporter armed with a noise meter reported that the clamor reached 133.6 decibels (ESPN).
Holding a 9-7 lead, the Husky offense went into quick-strike mode at the close of the second quarter. Speedy running back Napoleon Kaufman ended an 80-yard drive with a 1-yard scoring run. Walter Bailey intercepted Grant after the kickoff, and the Huskies went for the kill. Quarterback Billy Joe Hobert threw a 24-yard scoring pass to a diving Joe Kralik to boost the lead to 23-7. Kicker Travis Hanson then boosted a pair of field goals in the second half to cinch a 29-14 win, and jump the Huskies to number one in the wire service polls the following week.
1994 - The 'Whammy in Miami'
The 'Whammy in Miami' was a college football game played between the Huskies and the Miami Hurricanes on September 24, 1994 in Miami's Orange Bowl. The game was the first football contest between the two schools, but they did share a piece of football history. During the 1991 season, both teams finished the year with identical 12-0 records and both teams were crowned National Champions. The teams were unable to settle the championship on the field, as both teams were locked into their respective bowl games (Washington in the Rose and Miami in the Orange). As a result, both schools agreed to schedule the other for a series of games.
Entering the game, the University of Miami had an NCAA record home winning streak of 58 games, was ranked 5th in the nation and had a 2-0 record. The Hurricanes had not lost at the Orange Bowl since 1985 and not to a team from outside of Florida since 1984. The Huskies on the other hand were 1-1, following a loss to USC and win over Ohio State. Odds makers placed the Huskies as a 14-point underdog. The Hurricanes appeared to be on their way to another home victory and proving the odds makers right in leading the Huskies 14-3 at halftime. After half-time the Huskies came out firing scoring 22 points in 5 minutes. Key plays included a 75-yard touchdown pass, 34-yard interception return, and a fumble recovery. The Huskies showed no signs of slowing down and dominated the second half on the way to the 38-20 victory. The upset made national headlines, including being the top story on ESPN's SportsCenter.
The final score was Washington 38, Miami 20.
2001 Apple Cup
Entering the Apple Cup, Washington State (ranked #9 and a 9-1 record), with a BCS bowl-berth and Pac-10 title on the line. The #16-ranked Huskies upset the Cougars by a score of 26-14, removing WSU from contention.
2002 Apple Cup
With the game in Pullman, #3 Washington State entered the game poised for BCS National Championship game consideration, behind QB Jason Gesser. Gesser was injured by DT Terry "Tank" Johnson late in the game. The Cougars led 20-10 with less than 4 minutes left in the game, by Matt Kegel replacing Gesser. UW used a timely interception from freshman cornerback Nate Robinson to force Overtime. The teams traded FGs in the first two overtime periods, with John Anderson nailing a 3rd kick to start the third overtime period. In the Cougar's possession, Kegel was ruled by Gordon Riese to have thrown a backward pass which was knocked down and recovered by defensive end Kai Ellis, resulting in a fumble recovered by Washington to end the game. The Martin Stadium crowd erupted with some bottles being thrown by angry players and fans at celebrating players and fans. Then UW athletic director Barbara Hedges said at the time she "feared for her life."
2009 "Miracle on Montlake"
Entering the game, the #3 Trojans had momentum and the national spotlight after their defeat of Ohio State in Columbus the week before. Washington, meanwhile, had just won its first game in 16 contests with a victory over Idaho.
Southern California opened the game with 10 unanswered points, marching down the field at ease. USC was playing without starting quarterback Matt Barkley, who had injured his shoulder the week before at Ohio State, but despite playing with back up QB Aaron Corp, the Trojans were able to lean on an experienced running game and veteran offensive line.
Washington worked its way back into the game with a 4-yard TD run by quarterback Jake Locker, trimming the score to 10-7. Late in the second quarter, placekicker Erik Folk booted a 46-yard field goal to knot the score at 10. The Huskies defense continued to bolster the upset efforts as coordinator Nick Holt's unit plugged up the leaky holes on the line and dared Corp to beat them with his arm.
As the game entered the fourth quarter, the score remained tied. Both teams played cautiously, knowing a mistake would be critical. After swapping field goals, the Huskies took over with four minutes to play. It was this possession where the Huskies not only sealed their comeback, but Jake Locker announced himself to a nationwide audience. The quarterback coolly maneuvered his team down the field, converting on two key third downs, including a 3rd-and-15 from his team's own 28. On that play, Locker slung a throw across the sideline to Jermaine Kearse for 21 yards. The Huskies would eventually drive to the USC 4 before trotting out Folk for the coup de grace.
2009 "Immaculate Interception"
On October 10, 2009 the Huskies hosted the Arizona Wildcats at home. The scoring went back and forth but going into the final 3 minutes the Huskies were down 33-28 when Nick Foles dropped back to pass. The pass deflected off of a sliding Wildcat receiver's foot and into the hands of Junior Linebacker Mason Foster who then returned the interception for a touchdown. The touchdown was upheld after video review. The Huskies would go on to successfully convert a 2-point conversion and hold off the Wildcats one more time for a 36-33 win.
2010 "Deja Vu"
On September 19, 2009 the Washington Huskies knocked off the #3 USC Trojans at home, a win that catapulted them into the top 25. On October 2, 2010 the University of Washington Huskies were riding into the Grand Ol' Lady to face the #18 ranked USC Trojans, a place where they hadn't won since 1996 and also enduring a 13-game road losing streak. They hadn't won on the road since November 3, 2007 against Stanford. The Huskies had the lead for parts of all 4 quarters but never put the game away, including a play in which Jake Locker had the ball stripped out of the end-zone on what was a sure touchdown run. A week prior, Locker was 4-20 against a stifling Nebraska team, he completed 24 of 40 pass attempts for over 300 yards and also ran for 111 yards. Locker did leave the game for 1 play after a knee to helmet hit on a quarterback sneak. Keith Price, a redshirt freshman from Compton, California came in and promptly completed a touchdown pass putting the Huskies ahead 29-28. On the following possession the Trojans hit a field goal to take a 31-29 lead. The Huskies were unsuccessful on the ensuing drive and the Trojans took the ball down the field and with 2+ minutes left, missing a field goal off the right goal post. The Huskies final drive started with two incomplete passes and a near fumble, but on a fourth and 11 Jake Locker completed a pass to a leaping DeAndre Goodwin. The Huskies continued to push the ball down the field into field goal range in a similar situation to the previous year. With 3 seconds left, Erik Folk was kicking with the stage set for a dramatic Husky victory. Trojans coach Lane Kiffin called 2 timeouts, though his attempted icing failed and Erik Folk nailed the game-winning field goal as time expired and the Huskies won their first road game in three years.
Logos and uniforms
During Jim Owens' tenure, he would award an outstanding defensive player the honor of wearing a purple helmet during the game. Rick Redman, an All-American linebacker in the 1960s, wore one. It was rather intimidating for the opposing quarterback to stand behind his center and see this lone purple-helmeted player staring him down before each play.
In 2004, the Huskies switched to a new style of uniforms that were worn up until the 2009 season.
In 2009, the Huskies' uniforms were changed to a new style. For the 2010 season, the Huskies' home jersey was altered to match the style of their away jerseys.
On November 18, 2010, in a home game (Senior Game) against UCLA, the Huskies used a "black out" theme, wearing all-black jerseys and pants while encouraging the entire crowd to dress in all-black as well. On the road for the Apple Cup, the Huskies wore the black pants with their normal white jersey. Again for the Holiday Bowl on December 30, 2010 the Huskies wore all black jerseys and pants.
On September 28, 2013, the Huskies debuted their metallic gold helmets. The helmets had the same design as the traditional "W" but with a metallic shined finish. They wore these helmets with purple tops and bottoms in a rain soaked match against the Arizona Wildcats.
On October 12, 2013 the first ever appearance of College Gameday also saw the Huskies debut matte black helmets. The helmets featured a purple "W" and two purple and gold stripes.
On April 18, 2014, Nike revealed new uniforms for the Huskies. These included gold, white, black, and chrome gold helmets; purple, white, and black jerseys; and purple, gold, white, and black pants.
Announced schedules as of September 15, 2015
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|Sept. 2 at
|Sept. 1 vs
|Aug. 31 vs
|Sept. 5 vs
|Sept. 4 vs
|Sept. 10 vs
|Sept. 9 vs
|Sept. 8 vs
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Alaska Airlines Field at Husky Stadium
Alaska Airlines Field at Husky Stadium is the home football stadium for the University of Washington Husky football team. Located on the university's campus in Seattle, WA and set next to Lake Washington, it is the largest stadium in the Pacific Northwest with a seating capacity of 72,500. Washington has led the modern Pac-10 Conference in game attendance 13 times, including nine consecutive seasons from 1989 to 1997.
With nearly 70 percent of the seats located between the end zones, covered by cantilevered metal roofs, Alaska Airlines Field at Husky Stadium is one of the loudest stadiums in the country and is the loudest recorded stadium in college football. During the 1992 night game against the Nebraska Cornhuskers, ESPN measured the noise level at 135 decibels, the loudest mark in NCAA history.
In 1968 the Huskies became the first major collegiate team to install an Astroturf field, following the lead of the Astrodome. Again, prior to the 2000 season, the school was among the leaders adopting FieldTurf, trailing only Memorial Stadium's installation by one season.
Renovation of Husky Stadium began on November 7, 2011 and games were moved to CenturyLink Field until the construction is completed in 2013.
The Huskies opened their $280 million renovated stadium on Saturday, August 31, 2013, they won a thrilling match 38-6 against the Boise State Broncos to welcome back their fans to "the most scenic landscape in college football." Its U-shaped design was specifically oriented (18.167° south of due east) to minimize glare from the early afternoon sun in the athletes' eyes. The open end overlooks scenic Lake Washington and the Cascade Mountains, including Mount Rainier. Prior to the 2011-13 renovation, its total capacity of 72,500 made it the largest stadium in the Pacific Northwest and the 23rd largest in college football.
The Dempsey Indoor is an 80,000-square-foot (7,400 m2) facility opened in September 2001. The building is used as an indoor practice facility for Washington's football, softball, baseball and men's and women's soccer teams.
Individual award winners
† Unanimous selection
Top finishes of Washington players in voting for the Heisman Trophy.
Hall of Fame Huskies
College Football Hall of Fame
15 former Washington players and coaches have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame, located in South Bend, Indiana.
|Don Heinrich||Quarterback||1949–1950, 1952||1987|
|Rick Redman||Guard / Linebacker||1962–1964||1995|
|Steve Emtman||Defensive Tackle||1989–1991||2006|
|Lincoln Kennedy||Offensive Tackle||1989–1992||2015|
Pro Football Hall of Fame
3 former Washington players have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, located in Canton, Ohio.
|Arnie Weinmeister||Defensive Tackle||1942, 1946–1947||1984|
Canadian Football Hall of Fame
As of 2010, Warren Moon (Edmonton Eskimos 1978–83) is the only player to be a member of both the Canadian Football Hall of Fame and the Pro Football Hall of Fame (NFL).
Rose Bowl Hall of Fame
|Steve Emtman||Defensive Tackle||1988–91||2006|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Washington Huskies football.|
- Annual Season Results
- Head Coaches
- In the NFL Draft
- College Football Division I FBS National Champions
- Longest NCAA Winning Streaks
- "University of Washington Athletics Identity Standards Manual" (PDF). Washington Huskies. 2012-01-06. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-06. Retrieved 2015-11-28.
- 2012 DI Football Records Book - FBS section - National Collegiate Athletics Association (PDF). Indianapolis, IN: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2012. pp. 73–74. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- 2012 Washington Football Information Guide & Record Book (PDF). University of Washington Athletics. 2012–13. p. 82. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "2012 NCAA FOOTBALL RECORD BOOK" (PDF). NCAA. p. 64. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "2014 NCAA Football Record Book" (PDF). NCAA. p. 117. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
- "Washington Yearly Totals". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
- "2012 Pac-12 Media Guide". Pac-12 Conference. p. 5. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "Football Bowl Subdivision Records" (PDF). NCAA. p. 109. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
- "2012 Pac-12 Media Guide". Pac-12 Conference. p. 80. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "Quarterback U: Which school deserves the title?". Altoona Mirror. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "Player Bio: Claude Hunt - University of Washington Official Athletic Site". Gohuskies.com. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "University of Washington Official Athletic Site - Traditions". Gohuskies.com. 1922-02-03. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- David Eskenazi. "Wayback Machine: Bagshaw’s roaring Twenties | Sportspress Northwest". Sportspressnw.com. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "Player Bio: Enoch Bagshaw - University of Washington Official Athletic Site". Gohuskies.com. 1930-10-03. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "Player Bio: James Phelan - University of Washington Official Athletic Site". Gohuskies.com. 1979-11-14. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "Darrell Royal, Former Husky Coach (1924-12)". SportsPressNW.com. November 7, 2012.
- "John Andrew Cherberg". HistoryMakers. Washington Secretary of State. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
- Withers, Bud (June 6, 2009). "Jim Owens, coaching legend of UW football, dies at 82". Seattle Times.
- "Sarkisian has ‘it’ factor UW needs".
- "Pac-12 Conference - 2012 Football Media Guide". Catalog.e-digitaleditions.com. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "COLLEGE FOOTBALL HALL OF FAMER JIM OWENS DIES". National Football Foundation. June 8, 2009. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- Carpenter, Les (June 20, 2002). "Billy Joe Hobert: Villain, hero? Debate rages". The Seattle Times.
- "2009 Football: Pac 10 Champions, Annual Individual Statistical Champions" (pdf). CBS Sports.
- "1990 AP Final Football Poll". AP Poll Archive.
- "Rothman's FACT Rankings". David Rothman. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- Eugene Register-Guard - Bowling 'em over - 1975-12-05 - p.1B
- go huskies.com
- Miller, Ted (November 17, 2003). "Apple Cup of 2002 turned crazy". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- Huskies players are seen wearing helmets without any logo in 1966, 1968, 1971 and 1972. From this page of programs, the "W" logo had appeared by 1975.
- Condotta, Bob (November 15, 2010). "Huskies planning to "black out UCLA". The Seattle Times.
- Washington Huskies, "NEW ERA. NEW LOOK", Washington Huskies, April 18, 2014
- "UW Adds BYU, Michigan To Future Schedules". Gohuskies.com. 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
- "A Place Apart - Husky Stadium". Columns Magazine. Washington.edu. March 2002. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- "Artificial Turf History, Applications, Advantages & Technical Information | Artificial Turf | Synthetic Grass | Los Angeles | Frass". Frassfakegrass.com. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- 04 Jul 12 (2012-07-04). "Synthetic Grass / Artificial Turf History, Applications, Advantages & Technical Information | Home Turf". Sdhometurf.com. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
-  Archived July 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Artificial Grass and Synthetic Turf Systems for Athletic Fields, Landscaping, and Commercial Building | FieldTurf - Synthetic Turf | Artificial Grass | Artificial Turf". FieldTurf. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- "Husky Stadium - History, Photos & More of the former NFL stadium of the Seattle Mariners". Stadiumsofprofootball.com. 1920-11-27. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- "University of Washington Official Athletic Site - Facilities". Gohuskies.com. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- "2012 Washington Football Information Guide & Record Book" (PDF). CBS Sports.
- "NCAA Football Award Winners" (PDF). NCAA. 2012.
- "College Football Hall of Famers.". collegefootball.org. Retrieved 2010-01-06.
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