Washington Monument State Park
|Washington Monument State Park|
|Location||Frederick, Washington, Maryland, United States|
|Area||191 acres (77 ha)|
|Elevation||1,401 ft (427 m)|
|Operator||Maryland Department of Natural Resources|
|Website||Washington Monument State Park|
Erected in Memory of Washington July 4th 1827 by the citizens of Boonsboro
|Nearest city||Boonsboro, Maryland|
|Area||104 acres (42 ha)|
|Built by||Isaac C. Lutz|
|NRHP reference #||72000588|
|Added to NRHP||November 3, 1972|
Washington Monument State Park is a public recreation area located approximately four miles (6.4 km) east of Boonsboro, Maryland. The park preserves the Washington Monument, a 40-foot-tall (12 m) tower honoring George Washington, the first President of the United States. The monument, which sits near the summit of South Mountain's Monument Knob, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. The park is managed by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
Built in 1827, the original tower was the first monument dedicated to George Washington to be completed. The Washington Monument in Baltimore was completed two years later, although it had been started considerably earlier in 1815. The famous Washington Monument in the District of Columbia was not completed until 1885.
The dry-laid stone tower was built on July 4, 1827, by the citizens of Boonsboro who marched to the site en masse after assembling in the town square at 7 a.m. At the end of that day, the tower stood at 15 feet (4.6 m) high on a base 54 feet (16 m) in circumference. Later that year, "after the busy season", workmen returned to complete the tower to a height of 30 feet (9.1 m).
Owen Brown was the son of Abolitionist John Brown and the highest ranking surviving, uncaptured member of the party assembled for John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry. Owen led a party of five escapees from the failed raid to safety in the north. On or about the night of October 23, 1859 these men ascended the slope of South Mountain after circling around Turner's Gap to avoid the men and dogs lying in wait for them in the mountain pass. To their astonishment, there on the crest of the mountain was an odd stone tower. Owen Brown retold the experience during his only known interview in 1873, both he and the interviewer then still apparently unaware the men had stumbled upon Washington's Monument.
Although it was a popular meeting place for the citizenry of Boonsboro, weather and vandalism reduced the monument to rubble. In that condition, it was used by the Union Army as a signal station during the Civil War.
In 1882, the Odd Fellows Lodge of Boonsboro sponsored the tower's restoration. A canopy was added and a vehicle road built up the mountainside. A decade later, however, the tower again fell into ruin when a crack in the wall was not repaired.
The Washington County Historical Society purchased the one-acre (0.40 ha) site in 1920 and deeded it to the state for use as a state park in 1934.
The tower was rebuilt in its present form by members of the Civilian Conservation Corps. Workers set in place the original cornerstone and a facsimile of the dedication tablet (pictured at right), and a third dedication ceremony was held on July 4, 1936.
Activities and amenities
The section of the Appalachian Trail that runs through the park is used by visitors to reach the monument. The museum in the park's visitors center was refurbished in 2013 and has exhibits on the natural and cultural history of the area. Picnicking facilities are also available.
- "Washington Monument State Park". Protected Planet. IUCN. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
- "Washington Monument State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Fiscal Year 2016 DNR Owned Lands Acreage" (PDF). Maryland Department of Natural Resources. July 29, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- "Washington Monument". Maryland's National Register Properties. Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- "Washington Monument State Park". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
- "Washington Monument State Park History". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- Ellis, Ted (2018). Snow on the Buds. p. 183. ISBN 0998833037.
- Mrs. Preston Parish, Keeper of the Maryland Register (January 31, 1972). "Washington Monument" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Washington Monument State Park to Unveil New Museum". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. May 2, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
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