Washington State Library
|Location||Tumwater, Washington, US|
|Size||2.25 million items|
The Washington State Library is a government agency that operates public libraries in Washington state's prisons and mental hospitals, and maintains collections related to the state government. Based in Tumwater, it is a service of the Washington Secretary of State and was founded in 1853 as the Washington Territorial Library. The library has a collection of 2.25 million physical items and other online resources available to residents of the state.
The Washington Territorial Library was established on March 2, 1853, with the signing of the Organic Act by President Millard Fillmore to create Washington Territory. The law included an appropriation of $5,000 for the territory library that was used by appointed Territorial Governor Issac Stevens to buy and ship 2,130 volumes from New York City to Olympia. The first shipment of books departed from New York City on May 21, 1853, aboard the Invincible, which traveled around Cape Horn and South America to San Francisco. The books were transferred to the Tarquinia and arrived in Olympia on October 23, 1853, a few weeks before Governor Stevens arrived from his overland trip and took office. The library was opened to public use beginning in 1855, after an amendment to the territorial library law was passed by the territorial legislature.
Prior to achieving statehood on November 11, 1889, the Territorial Library reported a collection of 10,448 volumes. The new state legislature passed a bill creating the state library on March 27, 1890. The state library's collection was organized under the Dewey Decimal Classification system in 1898, and a card index was created in 1901. The library occupied the Joel M. Pritchard Building on the State Capitol campus in Olympia from 1958 until it was damaged by the 2001 Nisqually earthquake and evacuated. At its greatest extent in the 1990s, the library contained 547,000 books, periodicals, and documents.
The library was moved to a temporary location in Tumwater in December 2001, while the Pritchard Building underwent already-planned renovations and served as the temporary chambers for the state senate. The state government proposed closing the state library as part of its 2002 budget, saving $9 million in annual expenses, but the library was saved by eliminating the state library commission and merging operations with the Office of the Secretary of State effective July 1, 2002. The state government attempted to eliminate the state library a second time in December 2002, with collections transferred to local universities and colleges, but was saved by eliminating public access and cutting 81 of 114 paid positions.
Branches and services
The State Library maintains branches at several state agencies, as well as in correctional facilities and mental hospitals:
- Washington State Department of Transportation Library
- Washington State Department of Natural Resources Library
- Washington State Utilities and Transportation Committee Library
- Washington State Department of Labor and Industries Library
- WSDOT Materials Laboratory Library
- Washington Talking Book & Braille Library, Seattle (since 2008)
- Eastern State Hospital Library
- Western State Hospital Library
- Airway Heights Corrections Center Library
- Clallam Bay Corrections Center Library
- Coyote Ridge Corrections Center Library
- Stafford Creek Corrections Center Library
- Twin Rivers Corrections Center Library
- Washington Corrections Center Library
- Washington Corrections Center for Women Library
- Washington State Penitentiary Library
- Washington State Reformatory Library
List of librarians
- Bion Freeman Kendall, 1853–1857
- Henry R. Crosbie, 1857
- Urban East Hicks, 1858
- Andrew Jackson Moses, 1859
- James Clark Head, 1860–1861, 1863, 1865
- Thomas Taylor, 1862
- John Paul Judson, 1864
- Samuel Nelson Woodruff, 1866
- Henry Lensen Chapman, 1866
- Levi Shelton, 1867–1869
- Jeremiah D. Mabie, 1869–1870
- Sylvester Hill Mann, 1870
- Champion Bramwell Mann, 1870
- Issac Van Dorsey Mossman, 1870–1873
- Benjamin Franklin Yantis, 1873–1875
- Frederick S. Holmes, 1875–1877
- Elwood Evans, 1877–1879
- Walter W. Newlin, 1879–1880
- James Peyre Ferry, 1880–1881
- Eliza Des Saure Newell, 1882–1887
- Eleanor Sharp Stevenson, 1888–1890
- "Wyman names Cindy Aden as new WA State Librarian". Washington Secretary of State. June 13, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- "Washington State and Territorial Library: An Historic Overview". Washington State Library. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- McDonald, Lucile (July 19, 1959). "Treasured Collections Installed In State Library's Washington Room". The Seattle Times. p. 7.
- Crowley, Walt (February 22, 2003). "Washington State Library". HistoryLink. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- "Territory's First Library Custodian Met Violent End". The Seattle Times. March 8, 1953. p. 7.
- Roach, Matthew (May 29, 2013). "The Voyage of the "Unknown Steamer"". Washington State Library. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- "Oh, the places you'll go!". Washington State Library. September 25, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- Reynolds & Davis (2002), p. 3
- Smith, Charles W. (October 1926). "Early Library Development in Washington". The Washington Historical Quarterly. University of Washington Press. 17 (4): 246–247. JSTOR 40475043. OCLC 2392232. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- "Chapter VIII: Commissions" (PDF). Session Laws of the State of Washington, 1889–90. Washington State Legislature. March 27, 1890. pp. 254–259. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
- Kaiser, John B. (1917). Report on a Survey of State Supported Library Activities in the State of Washington Made by the State Library Advisory Board. Olympia, Washington: Frank M. Lamborn. p. 44. OCLC 8081060. Retrieved January 12, 2018 – via HathiTrust.
- "Historic Sites of the Washington State and Territorial Library: 1853 to the present". Washington State Library. 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- Condon, Patrick (October 25, 2001). "Library set for move to Tumwater". The Olympian. p. B1.
- Ammons, David (December 2, 2002). "Not much room to negotiate as Capitol squeeze continues". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. p. B3.
- Koepp, Autumn (January 28, 2002). "Reading the library its last rites? - Locke proposes closing facility to save money". The Seattle Times. p. B1. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- Ammons, David (April 24, 2002). "Her library is safe, so leader is going". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. p. B2.
- "Washington State Library Merges with Secretary of State's Office". American Library Association. September 2002. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- Condon, Patrick (December 4, 2002). "Locke has library on the block, Reed fears". The Olympian. p. B1.
- Condon, Patrick (December 19, 2002). "State library would stay open, but not to public". The Olympian. p. A1.
- "Branch Libraries". Washington State Library. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- "Washington Public Libraries and the K-20 Network". Washington Secretary of State/Washington State Library. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- "Territorial Librarians". Washington State Library. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- Reynolds, Maryan; Davis, Joel (2002). The Dynamics of Change: A History of the Washington State Library. Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press. ISBN 9780874222487. OCLC 464873581.