Wassen

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Wassen
Kirche Wassen.jpg
Coat of arms of Wassen
Coat of arms
Location of Wassen
Wassen is located in Switzerland
Wassen
Wassen
Wassen is located in Canton of Uri
Wassen
Wassen
Coordinates: 46°42′N 8°35′E / 46.700°N 8.583°E / 46.700; 8.583Coordinates: 46°42′N 8°35′E / 46.700°N 8.583°E / 46.700; 8.583
CountrySwitzerland
CantonUri
Districtn.a.
Area
 • Total96.89 km2 (37.41 sq mi)
Elevation
930 m (3,050 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[2]
 • Total422
 • Density4.4/km2 (11/sq mi)
Postal code
6484
SFOS number1220
Surrounded byAttinghausen, Engelberg (OW), Erstfeld, Gadmen (BE), Göschenen, Gurtnellen
Websitewww.wassen.ch
SFSO statistics

Wassen is a municipality in the canton of Uri in Switzerland.

Geography[edit]

Double loop curved tunnel on the Gotthardbahn rail line near Wassen

Wassen has an area, as of 2006, of 97 km2 (37 sq mi). Of this area, 12.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (68.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3] In the 1993/97 land survey, 9.6% of the total land area was heavily forested, while 6.8% is covered in small trees and shrubbery. Of the agricultural land, 2.5% is used for orchards or vine crops and 10.1% is used for alpine pastures. Of the settled areas, 0.2% is covered with buildings, and 0.8% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 0.1% is unproductive standing water (ponds or lakes), 1.2% is unproductive flowing water (rivers), 48.5% is too rocky for vegetation, and 18.3% is other unproductive land.[4]

It is on the Gotthard line and the rail line makes a double loop near Wassen to help the trains deal with the climb. The Susten Pass connects Wassen with Innertkirchen.

Demographics[edit]

Wassen in 1845

Wassen has a population (as of 31 December 2017) of 422.[5] As of 2007, 7.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -16%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (94.2%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common (2.4%) and Italian being third (1.3%).[3] As of 2007 the gender distribution of the population was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the FDP party received 85.9% of the vote.[3]

In Wassen about 53% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Wassen has an unemployment rate of 0.64%. As of 2005, there were 43 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 18 businesses involved in this sector. 34 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 7 businesses in this sector. 121 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 18 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[7]

year population
1970 764
1980 671
1990 545
2000 465
2005 466
2007 456

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Bilanz der ständigen Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Staatsangehörigkeit (Kategorie), Geschlecht und demographischen Komponenten". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 09-Sep-2009
  4. ^ Canton Uri - Ground use statistics (in German) accessed 8 September 2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 17 September 2018
  6. ^ Uri Population statistics (in German) accessed 8 September 2009
  7. ^ Uri in Numbers 2009/10 edition (in German) accessed 8 September 2009