Wassermann radar

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German FuMG 402 Wassermann radar at Bergen-aan-Zee c1943.jpg
Wassermann-radar at Bergen-aan-Zee
Country of origin Germany
Introduced 1942?
Type Long-range height finding radar
Frequency 120-150 MHz
Pulsewidth 2-3 μs
Range 300 kilometres (190 mi)
Azimuth 360°
Precision ±1,000 feet (300 m)
Power 100 kW
Wasserman in Bergen aan Zee seen from sea

The Wasserman radar was a long-range, height finder radar built by Germany during World War II. The radar was a development of FuMG 80 Freya and was operated during World War II for long range detection. This device for ground based operation was developed under the direction of Theodor Schultes, starting in 1942. Wasserman was based on largely unchanged Freya electronics, but used an entirely new antenna array in order to improve range and bearing precision.


Wassermann L(Leicht = light) with steel grid mast

Seven different versions were developed. The two most important versions are:

  • The radio measurement equipment FuMG.41 Wassermann L(German: Leicht = light) was a constellation of four Freya-antenna ranges on top of each other, mounted on a 40 meter high rotatable steel grid mast.
  • A later version was the FuMG.42 Wassermann S(German: Schwer = heavy). For this eight Freya antenna arrays were mounted on a 60 meter high pipe mast, two columns of each four antennae high.

The combination of the antennae in this way resulted in a concentration of the radiated energy to a smaller beam, thus resulting in a higher radiated power in the main direction (Effective Radiated Power = ERP), without increasing the transmitter power. The result was a longer range. With the L-version the horizontal opening angle of the antenna array remained the same, but the vertical opening angle was reduced (so flatter radiation pattern). Because the horizontal opening angle was not changed, the bearing measuring performance was not changed. With the S-version also the horizontal opening angle was reduced, with a better bearing resolution as a result.

Technical Info[1][edit]

Wassermann S(chwer = heavy) with pipe mast
  • Search bearing: mechanical rotation of 360°
  • Range: depending of target altitude and station altitude, z. B.
Target altitude Range
50 m    35 km
6.000 m   190 km
  • Range accuracy: +/− 300 m
  • Detection accuracy:
• Bearing: +/− ¼°
• Altitude: +/− ¾° (in the range of 3–18°)
• Altitude detection possible
  • Detection possibly up to 12.000 m
  • Mass: 30–60 t
  • Seize: Height of mast: 37–57 m
  • Width 6–12,40 m
  • Jamming resisted due to three different frequency ranges:
• 1,9–2,5 m
• 1,2–1,9 m
• 2,4–4,0 m
  • Detection of Friend or Foe in cooperation with the FuG.25a Erstling equipment.


  1. ^ Gebhard Aders: Geschichte der deutschen Nachtjagd 1917 – 1945. 1. Aufl., 1977, S. 357
  • Swords, Sean S. (1986). Technical History of the Beginnings of Radar. London: IEE/Peter Peregrinus. ISBN 0-86341-043-X.