Watchlist of the Rare Breeds Survival Trust

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The Watch list of the Rare Breeds Survival Trust is a listing of rare and native United Kingdom breeds of domestic cattle, sheep, pigs, horses, goats and poultry, compiled by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust.[1]

Mammalian farm breeds are classified into five levels of endangerment, based on the number of breeding females. The five classes are:

Critical Endangered Vulnerable At risk Minority
Cattle under 150 150–250 250–450 450–750 750–1500
Goats under 100 100–200 200–300 300–500 500–1000
Horses under 300 300–500 500–900 900–1500 1500–3000
Pigs under 100 100–200 200–300 300–500 500–1000
Sheep under 300 300–500 500–900 900–1500 1500–3000

Poultry – chickens, ducks, geese and turkeys – are not categorised by degree of numerical rarity; some are classified as "priority breeds".[2][3][4]

Listed breeds[edit]

Cattle[edit]

In 2017, the watch-listed cattle breeds were:[4]

Critical Endangered Vulnerable At risk Minority
The Chillingham Wild Cattle Native Aberdeen Angus Lincoln Red (original population) Gloucester British White
Dairy Shorthorn (original population) Whitebred Shorthorn Shetland Irish Moiled
Northern Dairy Shorthorn Traditional Hereford
Vaynol White Park

The other native breeds listed were the Aberdeen Angus, Ayrshire, Beef Shorthorn, Belted Galloway, Devon, Galloway, Guernsey, Hereford, Highland, Jersey, Lincoln Red, Longhorn, Luing, Red Poll, Shorthorn, South Devon, Sussex and Welsh Black. The Irish Kerry breed was also considered part of the agricultural heritage of the United Kingdom.[4]

Sheep[edit]

Sheep breeds listed in 2017 were:[4]

Critical Endangered Vulnerable At risk Minority
Boreray Border Leicester Balwen Welsh Mountain
Devon and Cornwall Longwool Castlemilk Moorit Devon Closewool
Leicester Longwool Cotswold Dorset Down
Lincoln Longwool Derbyshire Gritstone Greyface Dartmoor
North Ronaldsay Dorset Horn Llanwenog
Whitefaced Woodland Hill Radnor Norfolk Horn
Manx Loaghtan Oxford Down
Portland Whiteface Dartmoor
Soay
Teeswater
Wensleydale

The other native breeds listed were the Badger Face Welsh Mountain, Beulah Speckled Face, Black Welsh Mountain, Scottish Blackface, Bluefaced Leicester, Brecknock Hill Cheviot, Clun Forest, Dalesbred, Exmoor Horn, Hampshire Down, Hebridean, Herdwick, Jacob, Kerry Hill, Llandovery Whiteface Hill, Lleyn, Lonk, North Country Cheviot, Romney, Rough Fell, Ryeland, Shetland, Shropshire, Southdown, South Country Cheviot, South Wales Mountain, Suffolk, Swaledale, Welsh Hill Speckled, Welsh Mountain and Wiltshire Horn. The Irish Galway breed was also listed.[4]

Pigs[edit]

The pig breeds listed in 2017 were:[4]

Critical Endangered Vulnerable At risk Minority
British Landrace Berkshire British Saddleback
British Lop Large White Gloucestershire Old Spots
Large Black Tamworth Oxford Sandy and Black
Middle White Welsh

Goats[edit]

In 2017 the Bagot was listed as "endangered" and the Golden Guernsey as "minority".[4]

Horses and ponies[edit]

The listed horse breeds in 2017 were:[4]

Critical Endangered Vulnerable At risk Minority
Cleveland Bay Dartmoor Pony Clydesdale New Forest Pony
Dales Pony Exmoor Pony Fell Pony Shire Horse
Eriskay Pony Highland Pony
Hackney Horse and Pony
Suffolk Punch

The other native breeds listed were the Shetland and the Welsh Pony and Cob, and the Irish Draught and Connemara breeds of Ireland were also included.[4]

Poultry[edit]

Chickens Ducks Geese Turkeys
Priority breeds Andalusian
Brussbar
Burmese
Campine
Derbyshire Redcap
Dorking
Hamburg
Malay
Marsh Daisy
Modern Game
Modern Langshan
North Holland Blue
Old English Pheasant Fowl
Rhodebar
Rumpless Game
Scots Dumpy
Scots Grey
Sicilian Buttercup
Spanish
Sultan
Sussex
Welbar
Orpington
Shetland
Silver Bantam
Stanbridge White
Welsh Harlequin

















Brecon Buff
Buff Back
Embden (UK type)
Grey Back
Pilgrim
Sebastopol
Shetland
Toulouse (exhibition)
West of England













Blue
Bourbon Red
British White
Bronze
Buff
Cröllwitzer
Harvey Speckled
Narragansett
Nebraskan
Norfolk Black
Slate











Other breeds Ancona
Australorp
British Araucana
British Faverolles
Buff Orpington
Cochin
Cream Legbar
Croad Langshan
Indian Game
Ixworth
Legbar
Leghorn
Minorca
Nankin
Norfolk Grey
Old English Game
Orpington (non-Buff)
Rosecomb
Sebright
Abacot Ranger
Aylesbury
Black East Indian
Campbell
Cayuga
Crested
Magpie
Rouen (exhibition)
Silver Appleyard










References[edit]

  1. ^ Rare Breeds Survival Trust watch list Archived 2015-11-18 at the Wayback Machine accessed June 2016
  2. ^ "RBST watchlist 2013" (PDF). Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Poultry Breeds at Risk" (PDF). Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Watchlist 2017–2018. Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Archived 6 August 2017.