Water Lilies (Monet series)

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Claude Monet, The Water Lilies – The Clouds, 1920–1926, Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
Claude Monet, The Water Lilies – Setting Sun, 1920–1926, Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
Claude Monet, Reflections of Clouds on the Water-Lily Pond, c. 1920, 200 × 1276 cm (78.74 × 502.36 in), oil on canvas, Museum of Modern Art, New York City

Water Lilies (or Nymphéas, French: [nɛ̃.fe.a]) is a series of approximately 250 oil paintings by French Impressionist Claude Monet (1840–1926). The paintings depict his flower garden at his home in Giverny, and were the main focus of his artistic production during the last thirty years of his life. Many of the works were painted while Monet suffered from cataracts.[1][2]

Background[edit]

Monet's long preference for producing and exhibiting a series of paintings related by subject and perspective began in 1889, with at least ten paintings done at the Valley of the Creuse, which were shown at the Galerie Georges Petit.[3] Among his other famous series are his Haystacks.

During the 1920s, the state of France built a pair of oval rooms at the Musée de l'Orangerie as a permanent home for eight water lily murals by Monet. The exhibit opened to the public on 16 May 1927, a few months after Monet's death.[1] Sixty water lily paintings from around the world were assembled for a special exhibition at the Musée de l'Orangerie in 1999.[4]

The paintings are on display at museums all over the world, including the Princeton University Art Museum, Musée Marmottan Monet,[5] the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum of Modern Art in New York,[6] the Art Institute of Chicago,[7] the Saint Louis Art Museum,[8] the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, Missouri,[9] the Carnegie Museum of Art, the National Museum of Wales, the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, the Cleveland Museum of Art,[10] the Portland Art Museum and the Legion of Honor.[11]

The paintings at auction[edit]

On 19 June 2007, one of Monet's Water Lily paintings sold for £18.5 million at a Sotheby's auction in London.[12] On 24 June 2008 another of his Water Lily paintings, Le Bassin Aux Nymphéas, sold for almost £41 million at Christie's in London, almost double the estimate of £18 to £24 million.[13]

In May 2010, it was announced that the 1906 Nymphéas work would be auctioned in London in June 2010. The painting had an estimated sale price of between £30 and £40 million.[14] Giovanna Bertazzoni, Christie's auction house director and head of impressionist and modern art, said, "Claude Monet's water-lily paintings are amongst the most recognised and celebrated works of the 20th Century and were hugely influential to many of the following generations of artists."[14] The sale took place on 23 June 2010 at the auction house and the painting attracted bids of up to £29 million, but it ultimately failed to sell.[15]

On 6 May 2014, one of the Water Lilies, Le Bassin aux Nymphéas, was auctioned at Christie's, New York City for $27 million.[16][16]

In June 2014, one of the Water Lilies, Nymphéas, sold for $54 million USD at a Sotheby's auction in London.[17] This piece was auctioned to an anonymous buyer, but the piece went on to be part of the exhibition "Painting the Modern Garden: From Monet to Matisse" at the Cleveland Museum of Art and the Royal Academy of Arts, London, starting in 2015.[17] The co-chairman of Sotheby's modern and impressionist art department, Helena Newman, claims that the result is at the top of the original estimated selling price. This price was between 34 and 51 million USD.

While many of Monet’s masterpieces have sold, there are still an estimated 250 oil paintings from this series.[18] The collection is widely popular, with many of these pieces residing in exhibits that have yet to go to auction.

List of Water Lilies[edit]

Image Title
Date
Size Museum
WLA lacma Monet Nympheas.jpg Nymphéas
1897–1898
66 x 104 cm
Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Los Angeles)
Claude Monet - Waterlilies (Rome).jpg Nymphéas
1897–1899
81 x 100 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna (Rome)
2007 Musee Orsay Work Kraft 067.jpg Le Bassin aux nymphéas, harmonie verte
1898
89 x 92 cm
Musée d'Orsay (Paris)
Claude Monet - Water Lilies and Japanese Bridge - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas et pont japonais
1899
Princeton University Art Museum (Princeton, New Jersey)
The Water-Lily Pond 1899 Claude Monet Metropolitan.jpg Pont au-dessus d'un bassin de nymphéas
1899
93 x 74 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York)
'White Water Lilies' by Claude Monet, 1899, Pushkin Museum.JPG Nympheas blancs
1899
Pushkin Museum (Moscow)
Claude Monet, French - The Japanese Footbridge and the Water Lily Pool, Giverny - Google Art Project.jpg Pont japonais et bassin aux nymphéas
1899
89 x 93 cm
Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia)
Claude Monet, The Water-Liliy Pond (National Gallery, London).JPG Le Bassin aux nymphéas
1899
88 x 93 cm
National Gallery (London)
Water-Lily Pond 1900 Claude Monet Boston MFA.jpg Le Pont japonais ou le Bassin aux nymphéas
1900
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston)
Nenúfares Philadelphia 01.JPG Le Pont japonais
1900
Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia)
Monet-Nymphéas-Le-Havre.jpg Nymphéas
1903
90 x 96 cm
Museum of modern art André Malraux - MuMa (Le Havre)
Monet Water-Lilies 1903 DAI.jpg Nymphéas
1903
Dayton Art Institute (Ohio)
Claude Monet - Le Bassin des Nympheas - Google Art Project.jpg Le Bassin des nymphéas
1904
88 x 91 cm
Denver Art Museum (Denver)
Monet - Nenúfares.jpg Nymphéas
1904
81 x 100 cm
Prive Collection
Claude Monet - Nymphéas (1905).jpg Nymphéas (W1671)
1905
89 x 100 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston)
Claude Monet, Nymphéas (1905).jpg Nymphéas
1905
89 x 99 cm
Auction Christie's (New York), 2012
Claude Monet - Water Lilies - 1906, Ryerson.jpg Nymphéas
1906
80 x 94 cm
Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago)
Claude Monet - Pond with Water Lilies - Google Art Project.jpg Étang avec des nénuphars
1907
Israel Museum (Jerusalem)
Claude Monet - Waterlilies - Google Art Project (hgEnPzjBK2STHg).jpg Nymphéas
1907
73 x 92 cm
Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art (Sakura, Chiba) (Japan)
Claude Monet - Water-Lilies (Bridgestone Museum).jpg Nymphéas
1907
Bridgestone Museum of Art (Tokyo)
Monet, Claude - Water Lilies (Nymphéas) - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas
1907
91 x 81 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (Houston)
Monet-Nymphéas-Nantes.jpg Le bassin aux nymphéas ou Les nymphéas à Giverny
1907
100 x 200 cm
Musée d'Arts de Nantes (Nantes)
Monet - Water-Lilies, Setting Sun.jpg Nymphéas au soleil couchant
1907
73 x 93 cm
National Gallery (London)
Water Lilies, Water Landscape, 1908, by Claude Monet (1840-1926) - IMG 7168.JPG Nymphéas (W1733)
1907
73 x 93 cm
Worcester Art Museum (Massachusetts)
Claude Monet 045.jpg Nymphéas
1908
90 x 92 cm
Collection (St. Gallen) Switzerland
Claude Monet Water Lilies 1908.jpg Nymphéas
1908
Diam. 80 cm
Dallas Museum of Art (Dallas)
Claude Monet - Le Bassin des Nympheas - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas
1914–1917
181 x 202 cm
National Gallery of Australia (Canberra) Australia
Claude Monet - The Water Lilies - Clear Morning with Willows - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas, le matin clair aux saules
1914–1926
200 x 1257 cm
Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris)
Claude Monet - The Water Lilies - Green Reflections - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas, reflets verts
1914–1926
200 x 850 cm
Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris)
Claude Monet - The Water Lilies - Setting Sun - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas, Soleil couchant
1914–1926
200 x 600 cm
Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris)
Claude Monet - The Water Lilies - The Clouds - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas, les nuages
1914–1926
200 x 1275 cm
Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris)
Claude Monet - The Water Lilies - The Two Willows - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas, les deux saules
1914–1926
200 x 1700 cm
Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris)
Claude Monet - The Water Lilies - Tree Reflections - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas, reflets d'arbres
1914–1926
200 x 850 cm
Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris)
Claude Monet - Water Lilies - Google Art Project (431238).jpg Nymphéas
1915–1926
200 x 425 cm
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (Kansas City)
Batch Mattes 20130310 NP (13).JPG Nymphéas
vers 1915
200 x 425 cm
Neue Pinakothek (Munich)
Claude Monet Nympheas 1915 Musee Marmottan Paris.jpg Nymphéas
1915
Musée Marmottan Monet (Paris)
Monet - Weiße und gelbe Seerosen.jpeg Nymphéas blancs et jaunes
1915–1917
200 x 200 cm
Kunst Museum Winterthur – Reinhart am Stadtgarten (Winterthur)
Monet Waterlilypond 1926.jpg Le Bassin aux nymphéas
1915–1926
Chichu Art Museum (Japan)
Claude Monet - Water Lilies - Google Art Project (462013).jpg Nymphéas (W1800)
1916
200 x 200 cm
National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo)
Claude Monet 044.jpg Nymphéas
1916
200 x 427 cm
National Gallery (London)
Nymphéas reflets de saule 1916-19.jpg Nymphéas, reflets de saule
1916–1919
200 x 200 cm
Musée Marmottan Monet (Paris)
Claude Monet, Water-Lily Pond and Weeping Willow.JPG Vue du bassin aux nymphéas avec saule
1916–1919
140 x 150 cm
Collection, Auction Christie's New York, 1998
Claude Monet - Blue Water Lilies - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas bleus
1916–1919
200 x 200 cm
Musée d'Orsay (Paris)
Claude Monet - Water Lilies, 1917-1919.JPG Nymphéas
1917–1919
Honolulu Museum of Art
Claude Monet - The Water Lily Pond, c. 1917-19 - Google Art Project.jpg Bassin aux nymphéas
1917–1919
Albertina (Vienna)
Claude Monet - The Water-lily Pond - Google Art Project.jpg Bassin aux nymphéas
1917–1920
300 x 200 cm
Beyeler Foundation (Basel)
Water-Lily Pond 1919 Claude Monet Metropolitan.jpg Le Bassin aux nymphéas
1919
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York)
Claude Monet 038.jpg Les Nymphéas
1920–1926
219 x 602 cm
Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris)
Claude Monet - Reflections of Clouds on the Water-Lily Pond.jpg Reflets de nuages sur le bassin aux Nymphéas
1920
200 x 276 cm
Museum of Modern Art (New York)
Claude Monet - The Japanese Bridge - Google Art Project.jpg Le Pont japonais
1918–1924
115 x 89 cm
Beyeler Foundation (Basel)
Claude Monet - The Japanese bridge - Google Art Project.jpg Le Pont japonais
1919–1924
Van Gogh Museum (Amsterdam)
1920-22 Claude Monet The Japanese Footbridge MOMA NY anagoria.JPG Le Pont japonais
1920–1922
Museum of Modern Art (New York)
Claude Monet - The Japanese Footbridge, Giverny - Google Art Project.jpg Le Pont japonais, Giverny
1920–1924
94 x 89 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (Houston)
Monet - Ponte Japonesa.JPG Le Pont japonais, sur le bassin aux nymphéas
1920–1924
89 x 92 cm
São Paulo Museum of Art (São Paulo)
Water Lilies, japanese footbridge.JPG Nymphéas et Pont japonais
1920–1924
Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia)
Claude Monet 055.jpg Jardin d'eau à Giverny
1920
118 x 83 cm
Museum of Grenoble (Grenoble)
Claude Monet - Water Lilies - Google Art Project.jpg Nymphéas
1922
200 x 213 cm
Toledo Museum of Art (Ohio)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Weeping Willow, 1918 Monet painting, one of several works depicting a Weeping Willow tree located at the edge of his Water Lilies pond

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Monet, Claude." Grove Art Online.
  2. ^ Smart, Alastair (18 October 2014). "Why are Monet's water-lilies so popular?". The Telegraph. telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  3. ^ Tucker, Paul Hayes, Monet in the '90s: The Series Paintings, 1989, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in association with Yale University Press, p. 41.
  4. ^ Susan Bell. "Paris sees Monet lilies in a new light." The Times. 8 May 1999.
  5. ^ Claude Monet paintings at the Marmottan
  6. ^ Water Lilies at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
  7. ^ Water Lilies at the Art Institute of Chicago
  8. ^ Water Lilies at the Saint Louis Art Museum,
  9. ^ Water Lilies, the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
  10. ^ "Water Lilies (Agapanthus)". Cleveland Museum of Art. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  11. ^ "Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco". FAMSF. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  12. ^ Dalya Alberge. "Monet lilies make £18.5m but just miss world record." The Times. 20 June 2007.
  13. ^ The Laura Henry Collection "Monet masterpiece sells at auction for almost £41million" The Laura Henry Collection. 25 June 2008.
  14. ^ a b "Monet water lily to be auctioned at Christie's". BBC News. 3 June 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  15. ^ "Picasso reaches £34.7m in Christie's auction". BBC News. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  16. ^ Embuscado, Rain (12 May 2016). "Frida Kahlo Breaks Record at Christie's May Sale". News.artnet.com. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  17. ^ a b "Monet painting of waterlilies sells for $54 million at auction". 26 June 2014.
  18. ^ Denham, Jess (24 June 2014). "Claude Monet water lilies painting sells for £32m in second highest sale for his work". The Independent. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  19. ^ http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/claude-oscar-monet-water-lilies
  20. ^ "Search Collection | the National Museum of Western Art".

External links[edit]

External video
Water-Lilies, 1908, Dallas Museum of Art
Monet's Water Lilies