Water feature

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Water feature stone waterfall. Cascading water over natural rock to form a natural hillside water feature.
A small pondless water feature in Jacksonville, Oregon, United States. The water reservoir and pump are located beneath some rock out of sight
Artificial waterfall in the park of Bagatelle, France.

In landscape architecture and garden design, a water feature is one or more items from a range of fountains, jeux d'eau, pools, ponds, rills, artificial waterfalls, and streams. Before the 18th century they were usually powered by gravity, though the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon are described by Strabo as supplied by an Archimedean screw[1] and other examples were supplied with water using hydraulic rams.

Ancient water features were powered using gravitational forces, human power or animals to pump in the water. Since the 18th century, the majority of water features have been powered by pumps. In the past, the power source was sometimes a steam engine, but in modern features it is almost always powered by electricity. There is an increasing range of innovative designs as the market becomes more established and people become more aware of alternate installation methods, such as solar power. The advantages of using solar power include environmental benefits, no electrical lines in the garden, and free energy.

Modern water features are typically self-contained, meaning that they do not require water to be plumbed in; rather water is recycled from either a pond or a hidden reservoir, also known as a sump. The sump can either be contained within the water feature, or buried underground (in the case of an outdoor water feature).

A water feature may be indoor or outdoor and can range in size from a desk top water fountain to a large indoor waterfall that covers an entire wall in a large building, and can be made from any number of materials, including stone, stainless steel, resin, iron and glass. Most water features are electronically controlled, ranging from simple timer actuators to sophisticated computerized controls for synchronizing music to water and light animation.

Water features often offer additional benefits to homeowners, such as increased curb appeal, home value, reduced noise pollution (due to the sound of water overpowering outside noise), increased humidity in dry regions and improved air quality.

Types of water fountains[edit]

Wall fountain

Today in the range and verities of water fountains wall fountains are in demand, all because these are easy to fix and versatile in nature, these wall fountains are usually fixed in the gardens and lawns people usually prefer these wall fountains in small yard or garden because these types of fountains doesn’t require much space, but well-designed wall background would be admired if the owner can manage to opt it. These wall fountains can be used on virtually built beautiful landscape in drawing hall where the look and soothing sound of running water can easily be admired.

Spouting Fountains

These fountains are considered in the list of dramatic fountains all because of the future which they usually carry, a pipe spraying water up into the air to strike, and generate plum like effect. These fountains are generally fixed in swimming pools or at any place you want keeping in mind the space should be large enough for the sprinkling water. They can easily be transmitted into several different features with the help of addition of verities of nozzles which are basically used to spray the water in different patterns; some of the best known patterns are bubble and ring.

Tiered Fountains

Tiered fountains are one of the famous fountains around the globe basically these tiered fountains are designed in sculptures of famous characters like of animals, human being statues or god. These are basically installed at public places like malls, plazas or country yards. These fountains carry admiring looks by featuring water creativity with the help of verities of nozzles installed.

Self-contained Fountains

These fountains are considered in the list of affordable and easy to install, these fountains comprise themselves with all the working chunks keeping counts reserved on the requirement of plumbing and pump to function for better experience. These fountains have their own water reservoir, because of which these are not in need to be placed or installed on swimming pool or pond. Self-contained fountains are usually considered to be installed on the places like decks and patios, these fountains don’t require any kind of major construction, these fountains can easily be fixed by capable labor at your desired and suggested location.


In early modern Europe, fountains were found in the elaborate gardens of the mansions of the wealthy, and in modern times can be an element in urban design provided by the municipal authorities or public subscription. Water features are often found in gardens of middle class houses.

A notable modern example is the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain in London, England.[2]

Types of water features[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "LacusCurtius • Strabo's Geography — Book XVI Chapter 1". Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Diana Memorial Fountain". Retrieved 10 November 2016.

External links[edit]