Water transport in Mumbai
Uran - Elephanta
The Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport Undertaking (BEST), started a ferry operations between Manori and Marve Beach in 1981, but it was soon taken over by private providers.
Hovercrafts used to ply between the Gateway of India in Mumbai and CBD Belapur and Vashi in Navi Mumbai between 1994 and 1999 but the services were subsequently stopped due to lack of sufficient water transport infrastructure. The services used British made hovercraft and were operated by as a joint venture between the government and Mahindra and Mahindra, an Indian conglomerate. The City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) and Maharashtra Maritime Board (MMB) floated proposals to restart hovercraft services from CBD Belapur to reduce travel time from an hour and above to under half an hour. The CIDCO developed hoverport in CBD Belapur was taken over by the Indian Coast Guard as an ad hoc base for providing security to water transport services till its permanent base at Nerul adjacent to Training Ship Chanakya was set up.
Catamarans and ferries are operated by private operators from the Gateway of India to Mandwa from where the operators ply connecting buses to Alibaug. In 2009, following the 2008 Mumbai attacks, the Government of Maharashtra decided to shut down the jetties at the Gateway of India and instead open up newer ones near the Radio Club for boats bound for Rewas and Mandwa.
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