Waterford Township, Michigan

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Waterford Township
Charter township
Charter Township of Waterford
Waterford MI Gateway Sign.jpg
Waterford Township is located in Michigan
Waterford Township
Waterford Township
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°39′30″N 83°23′10″W / 42.65833°N 83.38611°W / 42.65833; -83.38611Coordinates: 42°39′30″N 83°23′10″W / 42.65833°N 83.38611°W / 42.65833; -83.38611
Country United States
State Michigan
County Oakland
Organized 1834
Government
 • Type Charter Township
 • Township Supervisor Gary Wall[1]
Area
 • Total 35.3 sq mi (91.4 km2)
 • Land 31.3 sq mi (81.2 km2)
 • Water 4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2)  11.22%
Elevation 948 ft (289 m)
Population
 • Total 72,166 [2]
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48327-48330
Area code(s) 248
FIPS code 26-84240[3]
GNIS feature ID 1627218[4]
Website Charter Township of Waterford Michigan

Waterford Township is a charter township in the geographic center of Oakland County, Michigan.

In 2012, the population of Waterford Township, Michigan was 72,166.[5]

Communities[edit]

Waterford Township has five unincorporated communities:

History[edit]

Lewis Cass, the third governor of Michigan Territory, established the boundaries of Oakland County in 1819.[10][11] Waterford Township was organized in 1834.[12]

In 1818, Oliver Williams selected land in Oakland County[13] which he purchased for two dollars an acre. Archibald Phillips and Alpheus Williams purchased 161.40 acres (653,200 m2) in what later became Waterford Village.

In 1818, Oliver Williams and his family established the first farm settlement in the county on the banks of Silver Lake.

In 1819, Alpheus Williams and Archibald Phillips continued on to where the Clinton River crossed the old Saginaw Trail (now known as Dixie Highway). They settled at the site of the present Waterford Village. Here the first house of Waterford Village was built by Alpheus Williams on the north bank of the river. Archibald Phillips built his home across from the south corner where Andersonville Road meets Dixie Highway.

Williams and Phillips also built the first dam where the Clinton River crossed the Saginaw Trail and erected the first sawmill.[13]

The township was named Waterford because of the vast number of lakes covering the township.[14]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.3 square miles (91 km2), of which 31.3 square miles (81 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2), or 11.22%, is water.

Climate[edit]

Like the rest of Southeast Michigan, Waterford Township has a continental climate. It has a higher elevation than Detroit (982 feet (299 m) compared to 585 feet (178 m)), and therefore the township is somewhat cooler than Detroit and other nearby cities. It is moderately cold in the winter with varied snowfall throughout. Spring varies from warm by day to cool at night. The township's warmest weather occurs in the summer with temperatures in the eighty to ninety degree range and typically high humidity. Summer is also the wettest season in the area. In recent years, Waterford Township has seen a few 100-plus degree days. Fall starts warm, but November ends with high temperatures barely above freezing.[15]

Lakes[edit]

Cass Lake, the largest and deepest lake in Waterford Township

Waterford Township is home to 34 named lakes.[16][17][18][19][20]

Lakes in Waterford Township
Lake Size in acres Depth in feet
Baldwin Lake 9 10
Cass Lake (part) 1,280 123
Clam Lake 21 10
Crescent Lake 90 40
Eagle Lake 19 20
Elizabeth Lake 363 72
Fiddle Lake 9 10
Geneva Lake 19 35
Huntoon Lake 42.5 15
Lake Angelus (part) 477 88
Lake Oakland (most) 255 64
Lake Goodrich 4 10
Leggets Lake 25 10
Lester Lake (most) 12 25
Loon Lake 243 73
Lotus Lake (most) 179 65
Maceday Lake 234 117
Mohawk Lake 23 33
Morgan Lake 28 25
Otter Lake 74 50
Pleasant Lake 92 52
Pontiac Lake (part) 612 34
Rainbow Lake 5 15
Schoolhouse Lake 37 49
Scott Lake 77.5 35
Silver Lake 101 73
Sylvan Lake (part) 532 71
Upper Silver Lake (part) 35.5 30
Van Norman Lake (part) 66 90
Watkins Lake 238 25
White Horse Lake 8 10
Williams Lake 155 45
Woodhull Lake (most) 135 56
Wormer Lake 27.5 24

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2012 population report from SEMCOG, Waterford Township had a population of 72,166.

According to the 2000 U.S. Census,[5] there were 73,150 people, 29,387 households, and 19,130 families residing in the township in 2000. The population density was 2,334.3 people per square mile (901.2/km²).

In 2000, there were 30,404 housing units with an average density of 970.2 per square mile (374.6/km²).

The racial makeup of the township in 2000 was:

In 2000, there were:

  • 29,387 households
  • 30.4% of the households had children under the age of 18 living with them
  • 51.6% were married couples living together
  • 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present
  • 34.9% were non-families
  • 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals
  • 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
  • 2.42 was the average household size
  • 2.99 was the average family size.

The township's 2000 population was:

  • 23.2% under the age of 18
  • 8.2% from 18 to 24
  • 36.0% from 25 to 44
  • 21.8% from 45 to 64
  • 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older
  • The median age was 36 years
  • For every 100 females there were 99.6 males
  • For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 97.5 males

The median income for a household in 2000 in the township was $55,008, and the median income for a family was $64,500. Males had a median income of $47,409 versus $32,016 for females. The per capita income for the township was $27,432. About 3.8% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 and over.

Transportation[edit]

Oakland County International Airport is located in Waterford Township.[21] The airport is a hub for the airline Lakeshore Express, a local commuter airline to Pellston, and Chicago-Midway[22]

Railroad[edit]

D,GH&M Railway logo.jpg

In 1851, the Detroit, Grand Haven and Milwaukee Railway came through Waterford Township and three train depots were built in Waterford Township; the Drayton Plains depot (at Hatchery Rd.), the Waterford depot (at Airport Rd.) and the Windiate depot (at Windiate Rd.) . The railroad helped make the many lakes of the Waterford area easily accessible to summer vacationers from the big cities and served to make Waterford Township a summer resort area.[23][24]

Drayton Plains Depot
Waterford Depot
Windate Depot sign

In 1882, the Detroit, Grand Haven and Milwaukee Railway was purchased by the Grand Trunk Western Railroad.

Grand Trunk Herald.png

As roads were improved, people began driving to their summer resort area and the passenger depots were closed in the late 1950s.[25][26][27][28]

The Windiate Park Hotel was a summer resort for vacationers from Detroit and Lansing. The resort was easily accessed by four trains a day during the summer months from the 1890s to the 1940s and was located on Lotus Lake, near the Windiate depot. The resort featured boating, fishing, sailing, sunbathing, tennis and a dance hall. The resort was owned by J.D. and M.L. Rice.[29][30]

Another popular summer resort was the Waterford Hotel in the village of Waterford. The hotel was sold to William Bradt, who changed its name to Bradt’s Exchange. The hotel was also named the Waterford Exchange, and served as a stagecoach stop for over 60 years.

Canadian National Railway

Today, the railroad is owned by Canadian National Railway (CN) and passenger service is no longer offered, giving way to freight only.

There are seven railroad crossings in Waterford Township and one railroad bridge.

CN Telegraph Rd. bridge
CN Scott Lake Rd. crossing
CN Watkins Lake Rd. crossing
CN Hatchery Rd. crossing and original site of the former Drayton Plains depot
CN Frembes Rd. crossing
CN Williams Lake Rd. crossing
CN Airport Rd. crossing and original site of the former Waterford depot
CN Windiate Rd. crossing and original site of the former Windiate depot

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The West Campus of the Oakland County Service Center is located in Waterford Township.[31][32] This includes the Oakland County Executive Building and Conference Center,[33] and the Oakland County Children's Village,[31] the county's juvenile detention center for children.[34] The Children's Village acts as one of the support sites for the Waterford School District.[35]

Education[edit]

The Waterford School District operates public schools in most of Waterford Township (the Pontiac School District serves a small portion of the township).[36]

High schools

In 1961, Kettering High School opened and Mott High School opened in 1969. Kettering's address is now 2800 Kettering Drive in Waterford.

In 2012, Durant High School, an alternative school, opened in the township at 501 N. Cass Lake Road in Waterford.[37]

All three Waterford Township public high schools were named after automobile industry pioneers; William C. Durant, Charles F. Kettering, and Charles S. Mott.

Opened in 1960, Our Lady of the Lakes High School is a private Catholic high school also located in the township at 5495 Dixie Highway, just south of Waterford Village.[38]

Middle Schools

In 1957, John D. Pierce Junior High School opened at 5145 Hatchery Road in Waterford,[39] and Stevens T. Mason Junior High School was opened in 1965 at 3835 West Walton Blvd. in Waterford. Both junior high schools originally included grades 7 through 9. Today, both Pierce and Mason are middle schools, which include grades 6 through 8.

There is also a private Catholic middle school in the township; Our Lady of the Lakes.[38]

Elementary Schools

As of the 2015-16 school year, the Waterford School District has nine public elementary schools located within the township; William Beaumont Elementary School, Thomas M. Cooley Elementary School, Donelson Hills Elementary School, David Grayson Elementary School, Laura S. Haviland Elementary School, Douglass Houghton Elementary School, William S. Knudsen[40] Elementary School, Riverside Elementary School, and Henry R. Schoolcraft Elementary School.[41]

There is also a private Catholic elementary school in the township; Our Lady of the Lakes.[38]

Community College

Waterford Township is home to the Oakland Community College Highland Lakes Campus. The campus, which opened in 1965,[42] is located at 7350 Cooley Lake Road in Waterford.

Oakland Schools, the intermediate school district serving Oakland County, has its offices in Waterford Township.[43]

Public library[edit]

The Waterford Township Public Library serves the residents of the township.[44] It is located at 5168 Civic Center Drive, off of Crescent Lake Road near Hatchery Road in Waterford.

Public safety[edit]

Waterford Township maintains its own police and fire departments.

The Waterford Police Department was founded in 1953. Frank VanAtta was appointed the first Waterford Chief of Police, earning a yearly salary of $5,500.[45]

The police station is located at 5150 Civic Center Drive in Waterford near the Waterford Township Hall and the 51st District Court in the Waterford Civic Center Complex. The police department typically employs 65 police officers.[46] The Waterford Regional Fire Department employs 144.[47] It is currently the 4th largest Fire Department in the State of Michigan.[48] Waterford Township also provides Fire, EMS, and Dispatch services to the neighboring City of Pontiac and City of Lake Angelus.[49]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Supervisor's Office - Waterford, MI". Watefordmi.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Waterford Township, Michigan
  5. ^ a b "Waterford, MI Population - Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts - CensusViewer". Censusviewer.com. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Four Towns, Michigan
  7. ^ "Geographic Information System". Geonames.usgs.gov. October 21, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Waterford, Michigan
  9. ^ "Geographic Information System". Geonames.usgs.gov. October 21, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  10. ^ Seeley, Thaddeus D. (1912)
  11. ^ Thaddeus D. Seeley. "History Of Oakland County Michigan". Books.google.com. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  12. ^ "History of Oakland County Michigan: A Narrative Account of Its Historic Progress, Its People, Its Principal Interests". Lewis Publishing Company. January 1, 1912. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Seeley (1912), p. 484-85.
  14. ^ http://www.waterfordhistoricalsociety.org/pdf/newsletter/WHS%20Newsletter%20Sept-Oct-Nov%202014%20web%20site%20version.pdf
  15. ^ "Waterford, Michigan Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Demographics - Waterford, MI". Watefordmi.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Google Maps". Google.com. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  18. ^ "DNR - Oakland County". Michigan.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  19. ^ https://waterfordmi.gov/DocumentCenter/View/460
  20. ^ http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/22335/Waterford+Township/Oakland+County+1908/Michigan/
  21. ^ "Waterford township, Oakland county, Michigan." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 28, 2009. Archived August 4, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ "Lakeshore Express Starts Flights from Chicago Midway to Detroit Suburbs from Chicago Department of Aviation". Aviationpros.com. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  23. ^ Seeley, Thaddeus De Witt (1 January 1912). "History of Oakland County, Michigan: A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress, Its People, and Its Principal Interests". Lewis Publishing Company – via Google Books. 
  24. ^ https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/119054413/
  25. ^ "Station: Clarkston, MI". Michiganrailroad.com. Retrieved 2016-06-29. 
  26. ^ "Station: Waterford, MI". Michiganrailroad.com. Retrieved 2016-06-29. 
  27. ^ "Station: Drayton Plains, MI". Michiganrailroad.com. Retrieved 2016-06-29. 
  28. ^ "Station: Clarkston, MI". Michiganrailroad.com. Retrieved 2016-06-29. 
  29. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=ahPiAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA5&lpg=PA5&dq=windiate+park+resort+mi&source=bl&ots=Xv33z7ZCNw&sig=NpRPIcY0Qb8Kw4c2EMOr-xn2h_0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi7mefTmszNAhVM2SYKHXpqCBAQ6AEIKTAC#v=onepage&q=windiate%20park%20resort%20mi&f=false
  30. ^ https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/119054413/
  31. ^ a b "Oakland County Service Center : Map". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Oakland County Service Center : Map". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  33. ^ "Oakland County Michigan : Waterford Township Base Map". Webcitation.org. January 2014. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  34. ^ "Oakland County Michigan : Oakland County Children's Village". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on July 8, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  35. ^ "Oakland County Michigan : Oakland County Children's Village". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  36. ^ Murray, Diana Dillaber. "Law being proposed could dissolve Pontiac schools, other struggling districts." Oakland Press. June 12, 2013. Retrieved on May 7, 2014. "Pontiac school district spreads from Pontiac into portions of seven surrounding communities including Auburn Hills, Sylvan Lake, Lake Angeles and townships of Bloomfield, Orion, Waterford and West Bloomfield."
  37. ^ "Durant High School". Waterford School District. Waterford School District. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  38. ^ a b c "Home". Ollonline.org. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  39. ^ "Waterfoed Historical Society Newsbill" (PDF). Waterfordhistoricalsociety.org. August 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  40. ^ "Waterford Schools and their Michigan history connection » Michigan History". Michiganhistory.leadr.msu.edu. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  41. ^ "Waterford School District". Waterford School District. Waterford School District. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  42. ^ "About OCC - Oakland Community College". Oaklandcc.edu. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  43. ^ "Contact Us." Oakland Schools. Retrieved on December 3, 2013. "Oakland Schools 2111 Pontiac Lake Road Waterford, MI 48328"
  44. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 16, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2015. 
  45. ^ "Department History - Waterford, MI". Waterfordmi.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  46. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Waterford adds nearly 40 new hires, now among largest fire departments in Michigan WITH VIDEO". Theoaklandpress.com. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  48. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  49. ^ "Waterford Fire Dept. takes over Pontiac WITH VIDEO". Theoaklandpress.com. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  50. ^ "New General Motors CEO is Waterford native". Theoaklandpress.com. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  51. ^ "Bishop Earl Boyea - Diocese of Lansing". Dioceseoflansing.org. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  52. ^ "Dave Marsh hits airwaves with new show on Oct. 10". Detroit News. October 1, 2004. With the addition of Marsh, a graduate of Waterford Kettering High School, Sirius adds to its growing stable of Detroiters... 
  53. ^ "In Chicago, a 'Beary Christmas'". Detroit Free Press. November 29, 2001. Lately, the Bears have rallied around veteran quarterback Jim Miller, who played at Michigan State and Waterford Kettering High School. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]