|Waterford Kamhlaba United World College|
|Type||International Baccalaureate school, IGCSE, private|
|Motto||UWC makes education a force to unite people, nations and cultures for peace and a sustainable future.|
|Number of students||600|
|Affiliation||United World College|
UWC originated in the ideas of the educationalist Kurt Hahn in the 1950s and the first UWC, Atlantic College, opened in Wales in 1962. Waterford Kamhlaba was established one year later by Michael Stern, in 1963. The school's mission was similar to the philosophy of the international movement, and Waterford became the fourth United World College in 1981.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus and student life
- 3 Academics
- 4 Notable alumni
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
A new multi-racial school
Waterford was founded by a group of teachers, led by the young British teacher Michael Stern, as a multi-racial school in opposition to South Africa's apartheid policies. Stern had previously been head of a school in Johannesburg, but the educational policies of the apartheid government in South Africa drove him from the country to Swaziland where he was determined to create a new school in which students of all races could study together and cooperate in community service.
The school was founded in 1963. Land on a hillside near Mbabane had been obtained through a grant from the King of Swaziland, and the main buildings were designed by Portuguese-Mozambiquean architect Amâncio d'Alpoim Miranda Guedes, or Pancho Guedes.
Rising political importance
Stern and his school became a southern African legend. Nelson Mandela, still in prison, sent his daughters there. Seretse Khama, the first president of Botswana, sent his son Ian, who is now the fourth president; the Tutu and Sisulu families also sent their children. Another Waterford boy, Fernando Honwana, became a trusted assistant to Samora Machel of Mozambique, helping him to act as go-between in negotiations between Margaret Thatcher’s administration and the emerging African government in Rhodesia, later Zimbabwe.
The school — Stern’s idea and his creation — became his life’s work; its balance of boys (and later girls) of all races, tribes and religions, the fulfilment of his dream. In a speech in November 1995, presenting him with a Founder’s Medal, Nelson Mandela said of time spent at Waterford that he “demonstrated in the worst days of apartheid, that even those who were free to enjoy the privileges of the system could ally themselves with the oppressed in the interest of non-racialism in Southern Africa”.
United World College
Waterford was established just one year after the first school, Atlantic College, making it the second oldest college by date of founding. Today, there are fifteen United World Colleges in the UK, Singapore, Canada, Swaziland, the United States, Italy,Hong Kong, Norway, India, Germany, Costa Rica, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, The Netherlands and The People's Republic of China.
As a UWC, Waterford offers the IB programme in its upper school. The entire college, including forms 1-5, is considered part of the UWC, although many other colleges just offer the IB programme.
Campus and student life
Waterford Kamhlaba is situated on a mountain ledge, approximately 15 minutes from the city centre of Mbabane. The sporting facilities on campus include a sports hall and gym, tennis courts, cricket, rugby and football fields. As well as a swimming pool, squash, netball and basketball courts. Furthermore, direct access to the feet of the mountains Tom and Kelly provide the students with the opportunity to go hiking and climbing.
Additionally, the Waterford campus houses an IT-centre, a library, an indoor-outdoor dining hall, amphitheatre, tuck-shop, and several other halls for recreational activities.
Housing system and intramural activities
Students are divided into three houses, Henderson (house colour: white), Stern (house colour: blue) and Guedes (house colour: maroon), and compete for house points in both academics and sport. Upon the end of each academic year, the house with the most points is awarded the house cup.
All students are encouraged to spend at least two afternoons a week participating in extracurricular sports or other activities. Activities are supervised by members of staff, volunteers or IB students.
The emphasis is on participation rather than competition, although in some disciplines it is possible to arrange competitive meetings with local schools. Examples of team sports played at Waterford include: soccer, swimming, hockey and basketball.
Student organisations include Amnesty International, GAP (Gender Awareness Project), Scouting, Culture Club and the Young Heroes group which raises funds for Swazi orphans and vulnerable children (http://www.youngheroes.org.sz).
Besides being a part of the CAS (Creativity Action and Service Programme) requirements of the IB Diploma, Community Service has always been an important part of the life of the college. All International Baccalaureate and Form 5 students take part each week in activities serving the community in Swaziland, and students in the lower forms are offered weekend Community Service activities. Current Community Service projects include the following:
- Play sessions with abandoned children from Ward 8 at the Mbabane Government Hospital
- Literacy classes for children from the SOS Children's Village
- Construction of houses for child-headed households and grandparents caring for AIDS orphans
- Ngwempisi hiking trail environmental project
- Music classes with orphans and vulnerable children at the SACRO drop in centre
- Aids education through drama workshops with local primary schools
Forms 1-3 students take compulsory subjects before choosing their courses in Form Four for the IGCSE school-leaving certificate.
Forms 4-5 (IGCSE)
IGCSEs are based on a 2-year school course for 14- to 16-year-olds. They are internationally recognised as preparation for study at pre-university level (IB or A level standard), and are sufficient for entry to university in Swaziland, Lesotho, Zambia and Botswana.
At Waterford Kamhlaba students may study up to ten subjects at IGCSE level, although most take between seven and nine. All students sit English Language, English Literature, Mathematics, at least one Experimental Science, one Humanity and a foreign language. Otherwise, they may choose from any of the subjects on offer at Waterford Kamhlaba.
All subjects are taught in the classroom, although many (such as the Experimental Sciences, Information Technology and Art) require a degree of practical work, and some IGCSEs include assessed coursework (Music, PE Studies and Drama).
The International Baccalaureate (IB) is a two-year university preparatory course. It is taught in more than 1030 schools throughout the world, and is recognised in most countries as a pre-university qualification.
The IB Diploma requires the student to study six subjects: three at Higher and three at Standard Level. All candidates study their own and one other language, mathematics (or computer science), an experimental science, and a humanities subject. They may then select a sixth subject of their own free choice, in any academic area, including Art, Theatre or Music.
In addition to the six chosen subjects, the candidate follows the Theory of Knowledge course (TOK) and writes an Extended Essay (EE) in a subject of their choice. A further part of the IB Diploma is the Creativity, Action and Service programme (CAS).
If the full Diploma is not thought to be appropriate for a student, they may study for IB Certificates. The requirement for the Extended Essay and TOK are waived, and the students choose the subjects of their choice.
1963 to 1973
- Keith Fraser, 1992 Olympic athlete
- Fernando Honwana, special advisor to Samora Machel killed with Machel in 1986 plane crash
- Ian Khama, President of Botswana
- Alan McGregor (academic) former Dean of Medicine, King's College, UK
- Matthew Parris, politician/writer/journalist, London, UK
- Lindiwe Sisulu, former Minister of Defence and Minister of Housing, South Africa
- Robert Tine, novelist
1974 to 1983
- Monwabisi Fandeso, chairman, Shell South Africa
- Richard E. Grant, actor
- Solomon Guramatunhu, ophthalmologist
- Zenani Mandela
- Zindzi Mandela
- Alan Whiteside
1984 to 2001
- Ignacio Padilla, Mexican author