Waterford Charter Roll
|Waterford Charter Roll|
Edward III on his throne, part of Waterford Charter Roll
|Dimensions||14 m (46 ft)|
|Location||Waterford Museum of Treasures|
Waterford Charter Roll is a historic legal document. It was created by the Anglo-Norman people of Waterford in the 14th Century and its story shows us the power of English kings in Ireland through the medieval period to the 19th Century. It is 4m long and there are 17 individual drawings on the Roll.
It is dated to 1372/3 and is housed in the Waterford Museum of Treasures. It contains the earliest depiction of an Irish city from a time when Waterford wanted to maintain its status as the prominent trade city on the island of Ireland, particularly over neighbour New Ross.
Waterford was designated a Royal port by Henry II and therefore could levy tolls. In a bid to gain favour with Edward III over New Ross, the Roll was drawn up in a pictorial and colourful style showing that the city had had relationships with kings going back centuries, kings that were ancestors of Edward. The king was persuaded by the Roll and reinstated Waterford’s monopoly as a Royal port.
The Roll is of historic significance as it contains the earliest contemporary portrait of a medieval English monarch, the earliest portrait of a judge in either Britain or Ireland, the earliest image of the medieval mayors of Dublin, Waterford, Cork and Limerick, and the earliest view of an Irish city.
In the mid-18th Century, George Victor Du Noyer made a re-creation of the Waterford Charter Roll.
In 2010, a reproduction was made, discovering features that were not previously apparent.
- Ballard, Adolphus (editor) (1913). British Borough Charters 1042-1216. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 255.
- Walton, Julian C. (1992). The Royal Charters of Waterford. Waterford: Waterford Corporation. ISBN 1-897775-00-8.
- Henry, Françoise; Marsh-Micheli, Geneviève (1984). Studies in Early Christian and Medieval Irish Art: Manuscript illumination. London: Pindar. ISBN 978-0-907132-12-7.
- "Recreating the Earliest Image of an Irish City: The Waterford Charter Roll". Rubicon Heritage. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Waterford charter roll, 1373" (PDF). Irish Times, National Museum of Ireland, Royal Irish Academy & Department of Education and Skills. September 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "The Queen in Ireland: day two of the state visit in pictures". The Daily Telegraph. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "The Great Charter Roll". The Munster Express. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Queen's historic visit to Government Buildings rich in symbolism". Irish Examiner. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2015.