Waterfront Streetcar

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Waterfront Streetcar
SeaWaterfrontStreetcar OccidentalPark.jpg
Car 272 eastbound on Main Street,
at the Occidental Park stop
Overview
Type heritage streetcar
Status Discontinued
Locale Seattle
Termini Broad Street at Alaskan Way
Jackson Street at 5th Avenue
Stations 9 (4 standing, 5 demolished)
Services 1
Operation
Opened May 29, 1982
Closed November 18, 2005
Operator(s) King County Metro
Rolling stock 5 Melbourne W2 trams
Technical
Line length 1.6 mi (2.57 km)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification Overhead wires, 600 V DC
Route map
Maintenance Shed
(demolished)
Broad Street
(demolished)
Vine Street
Bell Street
Pike Street
(demolished)
University Street
(demolished)
Madison Street
(demolished)
Washington Street
(demolished)
Occidental Park
Jackson Street

The Waterfront Streetcar, officially the George Benson Waterfront Streetcar Line, was a 1.6-mile (2.6 km)-long streetcar line run by King County Metro in Seattle, Washington, so named because much of its route was along Alaskan Way on the Elliott Bay waterfront.

Service began on May 29, 1982, the first streetcar run in Seattle since April 13, 1941.

Service was officially suspended on November 18, 2005, when the maintenance barn and Broad Street station were demolished to make room for the Seattle Art Museum's Olympic Sculpture Park.[1] A large portion of the trackage and four additional stations were demolished in Spring 2012 as part of the construction project drilling a deep bore tunnel to replace the Alaskan Way Viaduct.

Streetcar service was replaced by King County Metro Route 99, which operated along Alaskan Way until February 2011 when construction forced Metro to reroute the line to 1st Avenue.

King County Metro announced in January 2016 that a private venture would launch a fundraising effort to retrofit two of the historic Waterfront Streetcar vehicles to run alongside modern Seattle Streetcar vehicles on the Center City Connector along 1st Avenue.[2]

History[edit]

Service began on May 29, 1982, which was the first streetcar run in Seattle since April 13, 1941. The first three streetcars had been brought to Seattle from Melbourne, Australia, by George Benson (1919–2004), a former pharmacist, who was a Seattle City Councilman from 1973 to 1993. They had been Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board cars 482, 512 and 518, and they kept those numbers in Seattle. Two more Melbourne streetcars were acquired between 1990 and 1993. All were W2-class trams that had originally been built between 1925 and 1930. In 1990, the line was extended by one-quarter mile, along Main Street and 5th Avenue, to Jackson Street, to connect to the International District/Chinatown Station of the then-new Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel.[3] The extension opened for regular service on June 23, 1990.[3][4] The line's fourth ex-Melbourne streetcar, No. 272, entered service earlier that month.[4] A fifth car of the same type, No. 605, entered service later.

Broad Street station

The streetcar ceased operation on November 18, 2005,[1] when the maintenance barn was demolished to make room for the Seattle Art Museum's Olympic Sculpture Park. A new maintenance barn was proposed to be built at Occidental Park to allow the resumption of operations as early as summer 2007.[5] However, Metro cancelled involvement after delays made the new facility unlikely to be completed before the demolition of the Alaskan Way Viaduct began.[6] An alternative proposal by the Port of Seattle was to extend the line northward along Myrtle Edwards Park to Smith Cove, where a new maintenance barn would be built on Port property.[7] This proposal was not pursued.

In 2007, two years into the suspension of service, the route was named by National Geographic Society as one of the 10 Great Streetcar routes.[8]

In Spring 2012, a large portion of the trackage and the stations at Pike, University, Madison and Washington streets were demolished in as a part of the construction project drilling a deep bore tunnel to replace the Alaskan Way Viaduct.

The City of Seattle began studying the possibility of bringing streetcars back to the city center in late 2012. The locally preferred alternative for this project adopted in late 2014 supported a route along 1st Avenue and not Alaskan Way. James Corner Field Operations, the Manhattan-based landscape-architecture firm hired to recommend a new vision for the Seattle waterfront once the Viaduct has been demolished, also recommended the Streetcar not be returned to Alaskan Way, but to nearby First Avenue instead.

While future plans for the line were determined, the streetcars were stored in an old warehouse in SoDo for more than a decade. In 2015, the Federal Transit Administration informed King County that if the streetcars are not put back in service soon, Metro would need to pay $205,000 to compensate the agency for its remaining investment in the cars.[9] At the same time, the warehouse used to store the streetcars was in poor condition and the land needed for expansion of a neighboring bus base.[9]

In January 2016, it was announced that a private venture, "Friends of the Benson Trolleys" intended raise the money required to retrofit two of the streetcars to allow them to be used on the future Center City Connector on 1st Avenue.[2] The plan closely mirrors one suggested in May 2009 by then Seattle Mayor, Greg Nickels.[10] The remaining three cars will be sold by King County to St. Louis to be used on their planned heritage Delmar Loop Trolley.[2]

Route[edit]

The line ran mostly northwest-southeast along Alaskan Way on Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway trackage. From S. Main Street in Pioneer Square east to 5th Avenue S. it ran in the center median, with its last block on the west side of 5th Avenue between S. Main and S. Jackson Streets. The line ended at a station near Broad Street, with the maintenance barn located immediately north of the station.

Stations[edit]

Name Neighborhood Location Status Other
Waterfront Streetcar
Broad Street Central Waterfront Broad Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2005 Served Myrtle Edwards Park, Seattle Center.
Vine Street Central Waterfront Vine Street and Alaskan Way Standing Served Port of Seattle headquarters, Victoria Clipper, The Edgewater, The Art Institute of Seattle
Bell Street Central Waterfront Bell Street and Alaskan Way Standing Served Belltown, Bell Street Pier
Pike Street Central Waterfront Pike Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2011 Served Seattle Aquarium, Pike Hillclimb, Pike Place Market
University Street Central Waterfront University Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2011 Served Waterfront Park, Bay Pavilion, Harbor Steps, Seattle Art Museum, Downtown
Madison Street Central Waterfront Madison Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2011 Connections to Washington State Ferries Colman Dock (Bainbridge Island, Bremerton)
Washington Street Central Waterfront Washington Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2011 Connection to Vashon Island Passenger Ferry, West Seattle Water Taxi. Served Pioneer Square, Harbor Entrance Pergola
Occidental Park Pioneer Square S. Main Street and Occidental Avenue S. Standing Served Pioneer Square, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
Jackson Street International District S. Jackson Street and Fifth Avenue S. Standing Connections to Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel and King Street Station. Served Qwest Field, Safeco Field, Uwajimaya

All of the stations (with the exception of the Occidental Park and Jackson Street stations) along the Alaskan Way were originally painted brown when the line first opened. In 2004, all of these stations were repainted in Marine Blue and refurbished. The Occidental and Jackson stations were designed to reflect the surrounding architecture along the streets when the line was extended in 1990. The Jackson Street stop featured an Asian Pagoda-style station while Occidental park had a vintage-style station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b P. I. Staff (November 19, 2005). "Waterfront trolley's last lullaby until 2007". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved May 3, 2010. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Green, Josh (January 14, 2016). "Seattle's old waterfront streetcars will live on - in different ways". KING 5 News. Retrieved January 14, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Benson, George (1992). "The Seattle Waterfront Streetcar -- The Steep Grade from Idea to Reality by George Benson". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved June 8, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Modern Tramway, September 1990, p. 321. Ian Allan Publishing/Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  5. ^ "Trolley-maintenance barn plan on hold; streetcar future unclear". The Seattle Times. June 29, 2006. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  6. ^ Eskenazi, Stuart (April 11, 2008). "Waterfront streetcar: Is it gone for good?". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 8, 2009. 
  7. ^ Hadley, Jane (March 24, 2005). "Port plan would extend and save waterfront trolley". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved December 14, 2009. 
  8. ^ Hume, Christopher; Kalinowski, Tess (December 29, 2007). "Toronto streetcar named among world's best". Toronto Star. Retrieved July 24, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b "Seattle’s old waterfront streetcars will live on – in different ways". Friends of the Benson Trolleys. January 14, 2016. Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  10. ^ Murakami, Kery (May 16, 2009). "Tracking down Seattle's missing vintage streetcars". Seattle PostGlobe. Retrieved June 9, 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Waterfront Streetcar at Wikimedia Commons