Waterfront Streetcar

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Waterfront Streetcar
SeaWaterfrontStreetcar OccidentalPark.jpg
Car 272 eastbound on Main Street,
at the Occidental Park stop
Overview
TypeHeritage streetcar
StatusDiscontinued
LocaleSeattle
TerminiBroad Street at Alaskan Way
Jackson Street at 5th Avenue
Stations9 (3 standing, 6 demolished)
Services1
Operation
OpenedMay 29, 1982
ClosedNovember 18, 2005
Operator(s)King County Metro
Rolling stock5 Melbourne W2 trams
Technical
Line length1.6 mi (2.57 km)
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
ElectrificationOverhead wires, 600 V DC
Route map
-
Maintenance Shed
(demolished)
Broad Street
(demolished)
Vine Street
Bell Street
(demolished)
Pike Street
(demolished)
University Street
(demolished)
Madison Street
(demolished)
Washington Street
(demolished)
Occidental Park
Jackson Street

The Waterfront Streetcar, officially the George Benson Waterfront Streetcar Line, was a heritage streetcar line run by King County Metro in Seattle, Washington, United States. It traveled for 1.6-mile (2.6 km) along Alaskan Way on the city's waterfront facing Elliott Bay. Service began on May 29, 1982, the first streetcars to run in Seattle since the closure of the Seattle Street Railway on April 13, 1941.

Service was officially suspended on November 18, 2005, when the maintenance barn and Broad Street station were demolished to make room for the Seattle Art Museum's Olympic Sculpture Park.[1] A large portion of the trackage and four additional stations were demolished in spring 2012 as part of the construction project drilling a deep bore tunnel to replace the Alaskan Way Viaduct.

Streetcar service was replaced by King County Metro Route 99, which operated along Alaskan Way until February 2011 when construction forced Metro to reroute the line to 1st Avenue.

King County Metro announced in January 2016 that a private venture would launch a fundraising effort to retrofit two of the historic Waterfront Streetcar vehicles to run alongside modern Seattle Streetcar vehicles on the Center City Connector along 1st Avenue.[2]

History[edit]

The original city streetcar system in Seattle ceased operations in April 1941 and was replaced with a network of electric trolleybuses and motor buses. City councilman George Benson (1919–2004) first proposed the idea of building a streetcar line along the Seattle waterfront in 1974, a year after he was elected to the council, to be operational in time for the national Bicentennial on July 4, 1976.[3][4][5] The line would use vintage streetcars, and the goal was to create an attraction that would bring tourists and local residents to the waterfront, to help rejuvenate the area, which had already begun a slow transition from a purely industrial district to one with shops and cultural attractions such as the (then-planned, later built) Seattle Aquarium. Eventually, the proposal garnered enough support from the public and Benson's fellow council members that funds were allocated for an engineering and design study,[4] ultimately leading to the approval of the project.

The line used previously existing freight railroad tracks adjacent to Alaskan Way, and construction for the streetcar project involved adding overhead trolley wires, high-platform stations, and a passing track near the middle of the line, which otherwise was single-track.[4] The line started just north of Broad Street, near Pier 70, and until 1990 ran only as far south as Main Street, terminating at a station next to Alaskan Way, immediately south of Main.[4]

Service began on May 29, 1982,[3] which was the first streetcar run in Seattle since April 13, 1941. The first three streetcars had been brought to Seattle from Melbourne, Australia, by Councilman Benson in 1978. They had been Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board cars 482, 512 and 518, and they kept those numbers in Seattle. Two more Melbourne streetcars were acquired between 1990 and 1993. All were W2-class trams that had originally been built between 1925 and 1930.

In 1990, the line was extended by one-quarter mile, along Main Street and 5th Avenue, to Jackson Street, to connect to the International District/Chinatown Station of the then-new Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel.[6] The extension opened for regular service on June 23, 1990.[6][7] The line's fourth ex-Melbourne streetcar, No. 272, entered service earlier that month.[7] A fifth car of the same type, No. 605, entered service on June 1, 1993.[8]

Cancellation of service[edit]

Broad Street station

The streetcar ceased operation on November 18, 2005,[1] when the maintenance barn was demolished to make room for the Seattle Art Museum's Olympic Sculpture Park. A new maintenance barn was proposed to be built at Occidental Park to allow the resumption of operations as early as summer 2007.[9] However, Metro cancelled involvement after delays made the new facility unlikely to be completed before the demolition of the Alaskan Way Viaduct began.[10] An alternative proposal by the Port of Seattle was to extend the line northward along Myrtle Edwards Park to Smith Cove, where a new maintenance barn would be built on Port property.[11] This proposal was not pursued.

In 2007, two years into the suspension of service, the route was named by National Geographic Society as one of the 10 Great Streetcar routes.[12]

In spring 2012, a large portion of the trackage and the stations at Pike, University, Madison and Washington streets were demolished in as a part of the construction project drilling a deep bore tunnel to replace the Alaskan Way Viaduct.

The City of Seattle began studying the possibility of bringing streetcars back to the city center in late 2012. The locally preferred alternative for this project adopted in late 2014 supported a route along 1st Avenue and not Alaskan Way. James Corner Field Operations, the Manhattan-based landscape-architecture firm hired to recommend a new vision for the Seattle waterfront once the Viaduct has been demolished, also recommended the Streetcar not be returned to Alaskan Way, but to nearby First Avenue instead.

While future plans for the line were determined, the streetcars were stored in an old warehouse in SoDo for more than a decade. In 2015, the Federal Transit Administration informed King County that if the streetcars are not put back in service soon, Metro would need to pay $205,000 to compensate the agency for its remaining investment in the cars.[13] At the same time, the warehouse used to store the streetcars was in poor condition and the land needed for expansion of a neighboring bus base.[13]

Car 482 loaded onto a truck trailer, about to leave for St. Louis

In January 2016, it was announced that a private venture, Friends of the Benson Trolleys, was intending to raise the money required to retrofit two of the streetcars to allow them to be used on the future Center City Connector on 1st Avenue.[2] The plan closely mirrors one suggested in May 2009 by then Seattle Mayor, Greg Nickels.[14] The remaining three cars were sold by King County to St. Louis, for use on their planned heritage Delmar Loop Trolley,[2][15] for which they will need several modifications before they can be used;[16] only one car is being retrofitted (by Gomaco) for service in St. Louis initially.[17] The specific cars sold to St. Louis were Nos. 482, 512, and 518,[17] and they left Seattle in early June 2016.[15] The streetcars retained by King County Metro are Nos. 272 and 605 (along with 525, which never entered service, and has been kept only as a source of parts).[18] Because the warehouse in which they had been stored since the end of Waterfront Streetcar service in 2005 was due to be torn down, to make way for expansion of a Metro bus garage, the streetcars were moved out in early June 2016, to a private site in Arlington, Washington, where they will be stored indefinitely, awaiting possible future developments in the proposals for their return to service.[18]

Route[edit]

The line began at the Broad Street maintenance barn and mostly ran along the east side of Alaskan Way on Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway trackage under the Alaskan Way Viaduct. Its southernmost section in Pioneer Square consisted of an east–west track on South Main Street that passed Occidental Square and turned south onto 5th Avenue South. It terminated at South Jackson Street, across the street from International District station in the Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel.

Stations[edit]

All of the stations (with the exception of the Occidental Park and Jackson Street stations) along the Alaskan Way were originally painted brown when the line first opened. In 2004, all of these stations were refurbished and repainted in Marine Blue.[19] The Occidental and Jackson stations were designed to reflect the surrounding architecture along the streets when the line was extended in 1990. The Jackson Street stop featured an Asian Pagoda-style station while Occidental park had a vintage-style station.

Name Neighborhood Location Status Other
Waterfront Streetcar
Broad Street Central Waterfront Broad Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2005 Served Myrtle Edwards Park, Seattle Center.
Vine Street Central Waterfront Vine Street and Alaskan Way Demolished c. 2012–15 Served Port of Seattle headquarters, Victoria Clipper, The Edgewater, The Art Institute of Seattle
Bell Street Central Waterfront Bell Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2018[20] Served Belltown, Bell Street Pier
Pike Street Central Waterfront Pike Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2011 Served Seattle Aquarium, Pike Hillclimb, Pike Place Market
University Street Central Waterfront University Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2011 Served Waterfront Park, Bay Pavilion, Harbor Steps, Seattle Art Museum, Downtown
Madison Street Central Waterfront Madison Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2011 Connections to Washington State Ferries Colman Dock (Bainbridge Island, Bremerton)
Washington Street Central Waterfront Washington Street and Alaskan Way Demolished in 2011 Connection to Vashon Island Passenger Ferry, West Seattle Water Taxi. Served Pioneer Square, Harbor Entrance Pergola
Occidental Park Pioneer Square S. Main Street and Occidental Avenue S. Standing Served Pioneer Square, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
Jackson Street International District S. Jackson Street and Fifth Avenue S. Demolished in 2019[21] Connections to Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel and King Street Station. Served Qwest Field, Safeco Field, Uwajimaya

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b P. I. Staff (November 19, 2005). "Waterfront trolley's last lullaby until 2007". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved May 3, 2010.[dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Green, Josh (January 14, 2016). "Seattle's old waterfront streetcars will live on - in different ways". KING-TV. Archived from the original on January 25, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Emery, Julie (May 30, 1982). "Streetcar desire turns to real thing on waterfront". The Seattle Times. p. B1.
  4. ^ a b c d Price, J.H. (January 1982). "Museum News". Modern Tramway. UK: Ian Allan Publishing. p. 30.
  5. ^ Lane, Bob (August 20, 1974). "Firm will study streetcar plan". The Seattle Times. p. B8.
  6. ^ a b Benson, George (1992). "The Seattle Waterfront Streetcar -- The Steep Grade from Idea to Reality by George Benson". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
  7. ^ a b Modern Tramway, September 1990, p. 321. Ian Allan Publishing/Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  8. ^ "World News [regular news section]". Light Rail & Modern Tramway. UK: Ian Allan Publishing. September 1993. p. 249.
  9. ^ "Trolley-maintenance barn plan on hold; streetcar future unclear". The Seattle Times. June 29, 2006. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  10. ^ Eskenazi, Stuart (April 11, 2008). "Waterfront streetcar: Is it gone for good?". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
  11. ^ Hadley, Jane (March 24, 2005). "Port plan would extend and save waterfront trolley". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
  12. ^ Hume, Christopher; Kalinowski, Tess (December 29, 2007). "Toronto streetcar named among world's best". Toronto Star. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
  13. ^ a b "Seattle's old waterfront streetcars will live on – in different ways [excerpt from KING 5 News story]". Saveourstreetcar.org. Friends of the Benson Trolleys. January 14, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  14. ^ Murakami, Kery (May 16, 2009). "Tracking down Seattle's missing vintage streetcars". Seattle PostGlobe. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
  15. ^ a b Green, Josh (June 1, 2016). "Three iconic Seattle waterfront streetcars head to Midwest". KING-TV. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  16. ^ "Worldwide Review [regular news section]". Tramways & Urban Transit. UK: Light Rail Transit Association. May 2016. p. 193.
  17. ^ a b "Worldwide Review [regular news section]". Tramways & Urban Transit. UK: Light Rail Transit Association. August 2016. p. 312.
  18. ^ a b "Seattle accelerates its light rail plans". Tramways & Urban Transit. UK: Light Rail Transit Association. August 2016. p. 284.
  19. ^ "Metro goes retro with streetcar stations" (Press release). King County Metro Transit. August 11, 2003. Archived from the original on August 14, 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  20. ^ "Alaskan Way Improvements at Bell Harbor Cruise Terminal". Port of Seattle. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  21. ^ "Budget Transfer for the Downtown Seattle and Regional Mobility Improvements Project" (PDF). Sound Transit. September 27, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2019.

External links[edit]

Media related to Waterfront Streetcar at Wikimedia Commons