Waterloo tube station

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Waterloo London Underground
Waterloo tube stn entrance.JPG
Entrance to Jubilee line from Waterloo main line station
Waterloo is located in Central London
Waterloo
Waterloo
Location of Waterloo in Central London
Location South Bank
Local authority London Borough of Lambeth
Managed by London Underground
Owner London Underground
Number of platforms 8
Accessible Yes (Jubilee line and southbound Bakerloo line only)[1]
Fare zone 1
OSI Waterloo National Rail [2]
Waterloo East National Rail
London Eye Pier London River Services
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 Increase 84.12 million[3]
2012 Increase 88.16 million[3]
2013 Increase 89.40 million[3]
2014 Increase 91.49 million[3]
Key dates
1898 (1898) W&CR opened station
1906 BS&WR started
1926 CCH&R started
1999 Jubilee line started
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°30′09″N 0°06′47″W / 51.5025°N 0.1130°W / 51.5025; -0.1130

Waterloo is a London Underground station located within the Waterloo station complex that incorporates both the tube station and the mainline railway station. It is the busiest station on the Underground network[4] with over 89 million passenger entries and exits in 2013, and it is served by four lines: the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern and Waterloo & City lines.

The station is situated in fare zone 1 and is located near the South Bank of the River Thames, in the London Borough of Lambeth. It's within walking distance to the London Eye.

History[edit]

The first Underground station at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR), a subsidiary of the owners of the main line station, the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR).[5] The W&CR, nicknamed "The Drain",[6] achieved in a limited way the L&SWR's original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City of London.

On 10 March 1906, the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) was opened.[5] On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead & Highgate line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City & South London Railway station Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.[5]

As a subsidiary of the L&SWR and its successor, the Southern Railway, the W&CR was not a part of the London Underground system. Following nationalisation of the main line railway companies in 1948, it became part of British Railways (later British Rail).

In March 1965, a British Rail and London Transport joint planning committee published "A Railway Plan for London" that included a recommendation to revive a plan from the 1900s for an extension of the Piccadilly line's Aldwych branch to Waterloo.[7][8] London Transport had already sought parliamentary approval to construct tunnels from Aldwych to Waterloo in November 1964,[9] and in August 1965, parliamentary powers were granted. Detailed planning took place, although public spending cuts led to postponement of the scheme in 1967 before tenders were invited.[10]

Following a period of closure during 1993 when the Waterloo & City line was converted to use the four rail electrical system of the London Underground, the ownership of the line was transferred to the Underground on 1 April 1994.[11] Due to an Easter shut-down, the first Underground service on the line was on 5 April 1994.[5]

On 24 September 1999, the Jubilee line station was opened as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.[5] The station was temporarily the western terminus of the extension running from Stratford in east London, before the final section to link the extension to the original line was opened between Waterloo and Green Park on 20 November 1999.[5] The Jubilee line platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140-metre (460 ft) moving walkway link (one of only two on the Underground; the other gives access to the Waterloo & City line platform at Bank station).

Connections[edit]

The station is served by London Buses routes 1; 4; 26; 59; 68; 76; 77; 139; 168; 171; 172; 176; 188; 211; 243, 341; 381; 507; 521; RV1; X68 and night routes N1; N68; N76, N171; N20; N343 and N381 serves the station.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLS). Transport for London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/corporate/modesoftransport/tube/performance/default.asp?onload=entryexit
  5. ^ a b c d e f Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  6. ^ Wolmar, Christian (2004). "Deep Under London". The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. p. 146. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 
  7. ^ Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. pp. 31–33. ISBN 1-85414-220-8. 
  8. ^ British Railways Board/London Transport Board (March 1965). A Railway Plan for London (PDF). p. 23. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Parliamentary Notices". The Times (56185): 2. 3 December 1964. Archived from the original on 27 September 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  10. ^ Connor, J.E. (2001) [1999]. London's Disused Underground Stations. Capital Transport. p. 99. ISBN 1-85414-250-X. 
  11. ^ "Waterloo & City line, Dates". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Bakerloo line
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
towards Stratford
Northern line
Charing Cross branch
towards Morden or Kennington
Terminus Waterloo & City line
Terminus
  Abandoned Plans  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Aldwych
towards Holborn
  Piccadilly line
Proposed extension from Aldwych
(never constructed)
  Terminus