Waterloo tube station
Jubilee line platforms
Location of Waterloo in Central London
|Local authority||London Borough of Lambeth|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||8|
|Accessible||Yes (Jubilee line and southbound Bakerloo line only)|
London Eye Pier 
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|Original company||Waterloo & City Railway|
|1898||W&CR opened station|
|1999||Jubilee line started|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portal|
Waterloo is a London Underground station located beneath Waterloo mainline station. It is the busiest station on the London Underground, with 100.36 million users in 2016. It is served by four lines: the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern and Waterloo & City lines.
The first Underground Line at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR), a subsidiary of the owners of the main line station, the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR). The W&CR, nicknamed "The Drain", achieved in a limited way the L&SWR's original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City of London.
On 10 March 1906, the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) was opened. On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead & Highgate line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City & South London Railway station Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.
As a subsidiary of the L&SWR and its successor, the Southern Railway, the W&CR was not a part of the London Underground system. Following nationalisation of the main line railway companies in 1948, it became part of British Railways (later British Rail).
In March 1965, a British Rail and London Transport joint planning committee published "A Railway Plan for London" that included a recommendation to revive a plan from the 1900s for an extension of the Piccadilly line's Aldwych branch to Waterloo. London Transport had already sought parliamentary approval to construct tunnels from Aldwych to Waterloo in November 1964, and in August 1965, parliamentary powers were granted. Detailed planning took place, although public spending cuts led to postponement of the scheme in 1967 before tenders were invited.
Following a period of closure during 1993 when the Waterloo & City line was converted to use the four rail electrical system of the London Underground, the ownership of the line was transferred to the Underground on 1 April 1994. Due to an Easter shut-down, the first Underground service on the line was on 5 April 1994.
On 24 September 1999, the Jubilee line platforms were opened as part of the Jubilee Line Extension. The station was temporarily the western terminus of the extension running from Stratford in east London, before the final section to link the extension to the original line was opened between Waterloo and Green Park on 20 November 1999. The Jubilee line platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140-metre (460 ft) moving walkway link (one of only two on the Underground; the other gives access to the Waterloo & City line platform at Bank station).
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 June 2015.
- "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLS). Transport for London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
- Wolmar, Christian (2004). "Deep Under London". The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. p. 146. ISBN 1-84354-023-1.
- Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. pp. 31–33. ISBN 1-85414-220-8.
- British Railways Board/London Transport Board (March 1965). A Railway Plan for London (PDF). p. 23.
- "Parliamentary Notices". The Times (56185): 2. 3 December 1964. Archived from the original on 27 September 2012. (Subscription required (. ))
- Connor, J.E. (2001) . London's Disused Underground Stations. Capital Transport. p. 99. ISBN 1-85414-250-X.
- "Waterloo & City line, Dates". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 20 July 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Waterloo tube station.|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Harrow & Wealdstone
towards Elephant & Castle
|Terminus||Waterloo & City line||
Proposed extension from Aldwych