Watney Combe & Reid

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Watney Combe & Reid
PredecessorThe Stag Brewery
SuccessorWatney Mann
HeadquartersLondon, United Kingdom

Watney Combe & Reid was a leading brewery in London. At its peak in the 1930s it was a constituent of the FT 30 index of leading companies on the London Stock Exchange. It produced Watney's Red Barrel.[1]


Watney's Red Barrel logo
The Stag Brewery, Mortlake in 1989

The Watney family were the main partners in the Stag Brewery, Victoria, for much of the 19th century.[2] In 1837 James Watney became a partner in the brewery, followed by his sons James and Norman in 1856.[2] On his death in 1884, the brewery became a private limited company.[2]

In 1889 James Watney & Co., acquired the Mortlake Brewery (latterly referred to as the Stag Brewery of Mortlake), which had been owned by Charles James Philips and James Wigan since the 1840s.[3]

In 1898 the company merged with Combe Delafield and Co. and Reid and Co., and was subsequently known as Watney Combe and Reid.[4] The amalgamated company was the largest brewer in London.[4] The Combe brewery in Longacre and the Reid brewery in Clerkenwell closed almost immediately, and production was concentrated on the Watney Stag Brewery in Pimlico.[5] The company had an annual output of 1.8 million hectolitres (some 39.5 million imperial gallons).[5]

Watney's Red Barrel key fob

Watney Mann was formed in 1958 with the merger of Watney, Combe, Reid & Co. Ltd with Mann, Crossman & Paulin Ltd.

When the Stag Brewery in Victoria was demolished in 1959 the name was transferred to Mortlake Brewery.[6]

The business acquired other brewers, including Wilsons of Manchester, Phipps NBC of Northampton, Samuel Webster & Sons of Halifax and Ushers of Trowbridge, before being taken over by Grand Metropolitan, a hotels and catering group, in 1972 and closed in 1979.[7]

Watney's Red Barrel [edit]

Watney's Red Barrel was a bitter which sold highly in the United Kingdom during the 1960s and 1970s.[8] It was introduced in 1931 as an export keg beer that could travel for long distances by being made stable through filtering and pasteurising – as such it was the first keg beer.[8] It was renamed "Red" in 1971.[9]

A 3.9% abv pale lager called Watney's Red Barrel was sold by the Sleeman Brewery until 1997[10] and a 6.0% beer with the same name is still brewed by Alken-Maes.[11]

In Monty Python's "Travel Agent Sketch", Eric Idle's character, Mr. Smokestoomuch, mentions Watney's Red Barrel many times in his rambling tirade about cheap holiday packages.[12]


For many years, Watney's advertised with the strapline "What we want is Watney's".[13]


  1. ^ Dougherty, Philip H (23 October 1986). "Biederman Is Named For Watney Red Barrel". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Industries: Brewing". british-history.ac.uk.
  3. ^ "Watney Combe Reid & Co Ltd records". The National Archives (United Kingdom). Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b P.L. Cottrell (5 November 2013). Industrial Finance, 1830–1914: The Finance and Organization of English Manufacturing Industry. Routledge. p. 170. ISBN 978-1-136-59735-0.
  5. ^ a b "Shut up about Barclay Perkins". blogspot.co.uk. 16 August 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  6. ^ The Brewing Industry: A Guide to Historical Records, 1990, Richmond L. and Turton A. (eds.), p.263
  7. ^ "Watney Mann Ltd". quaffale.org.uk.
  8. ^ a b "Watneys Red Barrel". RetroWow. Retrieved 25 June 2008.
  9. ^ "Brewing Watney's Red (not Red Barrel), 1971". Boak and Bailey. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Watneys Red Barrel from Sleeman Brewing & Malting Co. (Sapporo) – Ratebeer". ratebeer.com. Retrieved 13 July 2009.
  11. ^ "List of Belgian beers". Eupedia. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Monty Python – Travel Agent Sketch". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Advertising Slogan Hall of Fame". AdSlogans.co.uk. Retrieved 28 February 2014.

External links[edit]