Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs

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Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs
Watson Institute Logo.png
Watson Institute (Brown) 6.jpg
Named afterThomas J. Watson Jr.
Formation1981; 41 years ago (1981)
PurposeResearch, Teaching, and Public Engagement
Headquarters111 Thayer Street, Providence, RI, 02912
LeaderEdward Steinfeld
Parent organization
Brown University
Endowment (2015)$80 million
Websitewatson.brown.edu
Formerly called
Center for Foreign Policy Development

The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs is an interdisciplinary research center at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. Its mission is to promote a just and peaceful world through research, teaching, and public engagement.[1] The institute's research focuses on three main areas: development, security, and governance. Its faculty include anthropologists, economists, political scientists, sociologists, and historians, as well as journalists and other practitioners. The institute is directed by Edward Steinfeld, professor in the Department of Political Science, and director of the China Initiative at Brown University.[2]

Location[edit]

The Institute occupies three buildings surrounding a central plaza located at the southern edge Brown's campus on the East Side of Providence, Rhode Island. The first is a modern and architecturally distinctive building at 111 Thayer Street, designed by Uruguayan architect Rafael Viñoly in 2001. The second, Stephen Robert 62' Hall, is a glass-walled structure at 280 Brook Street designed by architect Toshiko Mori and completed in 2018. The institute also occupies a 19th-century building at 59 Charlesfield Street renovated in 2018.[3]

History[edit]

The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs was established to fulfill two parallel missions: "to bring international perspective into the life of Brown University, and to promote peace through international relations research and policy." In 1981, with the support and guidance of 1937 Brown alumnus Thomas J. Watson Jr., former chairman of IBM and Ambassador to the Soviet Union, Brown University founded the Center for Foreign Policy Development. The center was formed to explore solutions to the major global issues of the day, foremost of which was the possibility of a nuclear encounter between the United States and the Soviet Union.[4] In 1986, the university created the Institute for International Studies to integrate the Center and Brown's other international programs.

In 1991, following a $25 million gift from Watson, the institute was rededicated in his honor.[5] Originally housed in five separate locations on campus, the institute's programs moved into a single building at 111 Thayer Street, designed by architect Rafael Viñoly, in January 2002.[6]

The rear of the Viñoly–designed main building

2014-2019: Expansion[edit]

63-65 Charlesfield Street, with Stephen Robert Hall behind it
Stephen Robert Hall opened in 2018

In 2014, the Watson Institute merged with the Taubman Center for American Politics and Policy, which had previously been housed in the Department of Political Science. Speaking of the motivation behind the merger, then–director Richard M. Locke cited the increasingly inseparable nature of domestic and foreign policy.[7]

In 2015, the Institute received a $50 million gift to expand facilities and hire additional faculty.[8] This gift enabled the construction of a new building at 280 Brook Street and renovation of an existing building at 59 Charlesfield Street.[9][10]

The interior of Stephen Robert Hall

In 2019, the Institute established the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Studies (CHR&HS) as a permanent and endowed center. The center replaced the Humanitarian Innovation Initiative, which was established in 2016.[11]

59 Charlesfield Street

Academic programs[edit]

The Watson Institute offers a single undergraduate degree program in International and Public Affairs. The concentration features both a core curriculum as well as three specialized tracks (Development, Security, and Policy & Governance) among which students can choose.[12]

Graduate programs offered at the Watson Institute include the Graduate Program in Development (Ph.D.) and the Public Policy Program (M.P.A.). The Graduate Program in Development (GPD) is an NSF-funded, interdisciplinary program that supports the training of PhD candidates in anthropology, political science, economics, and sociology.[13] The Public Policy program is a one-year intensive (summer – fall – spring) full-time degree with a focus on quantitative policy analysis and management.[14] Since 2017, the institute has also offered a fifth year M.P.A program for Brown undergraduates.[15]

The institute also offers Post Doctoral, professional development and global outreach programming.[citation needed]

Area studies[edit]

The following area studies centers are based at Watson: the Brazil Initiative, the Africa Initiative, the Center for Contemporary South Asia (CCSA), the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS), the China Initiative, and Middle East Studies (MES).

Professional programs[edit]

Two professional outreach programs are based at the institute. The Brown International Advanced Research Institutes (BIARI) provides the opportunity for junior scholars and practitioners from all over the world to study together at the institute. According to Watson's website, BIARI "aims to build transnational scholarly networks while also providing opportunities for professional development. Each summer, BIARI brings promising young faculty from the Global South together with leading scholars in their fields for two-week intensive residential institutes."[16]

Choices develops and publishes curriculum resources for high school social studies classrooms, and leads seminars for secondary school teachers. The program's mission is "to equip young people with the skills, habits, and knowledge necessary to be engaged citizens who are capable of addressing international issues with thoughtful public discourse and informed decision making."[16]

Research[edit]

Costs of War Project[edit]

In recent years, the most internationally cited product of the Watson Institute has been its Costs of War Project, first released in 2011 and continuously updated since.[17] The project comprises a team of economists, anthropologists, political scientists, legal experts, and physicians, and seeks to calculate the economic costs, human casualties, and impact on civil liberties of the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan since 2001. The project is the most extensive and comprehensive public accounting of the cost of post-September 11th U.S. military operations compiled to date.[18][19]

Publications[edit]

The Watson Institute is the editorial home to three academic journals:

Watson also publishes a working paper series, distributed by SSRN:

Notable faculty and fellows[edit]

Diplomats and politicians[edit]

Notable diplomats who have served as faculty and fellows at the Watson Institute include 22nd U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, Richard Holbrooke[20] and former deputy secretary-general of the OECD and 11th Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development, J. Brian Atwood. Heads of state and government who have served as faculty and fellows include the 34th President of Brazil, Fernando Henrique Cardoso;[21] the 31st President of Chile, Ricardo Lagos;[22] former Chancellor of Austria, Alfred Gusenbauer;[23] and two-time Prime Minister of Italy, Romano Prodi.[24] Other fellows and faculty of note include the 12th president of the World Bank, Jim Yong Kim; former Chair of the Democratic National Committee and Secretary of Labor, Tom Perez; 7th lieutenant governor of Maryland, Michael Steele;[25] Kenyan activist Kakenya Ntaiya; and 16th Chief Economic Advisor to the Government of India, Arvind Subramanian.[26]

Academics[edit]

Directors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Watson Institute | Watson Institute". Watson.brown.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  2. ^ Torres, Jaclyn (2015-10-21). "Edward Steinfeld appointed Watson Institute director". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  3. ^ Kiley, Gillian (12 December 2018). "Newly expanded Watson Institute opens the doors to Stephen Robert Hall". Brown University. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Encyclopedia Brunoniana | Center for Foreign Policy Development". www.brown.edu. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  5. ^ "Brown U. Gets $25-Million From Former Chairman of IBM". www.chronicle.com. Retrieved 2021-07-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Watson Institute History | Watson Institute". Watson.brown.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  7. ^ Dubin, Michael (2014-09-16). "Taubman to integrate with Watson Institute". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  8. ^ Aratani, Lauren (2015-11-03). "Watson Institute receives $50 million gift". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  9. ^ Nickel, Mark (5 November 2015). "Watson Institute to expand facilities and faculty with $50M gift". Brown University. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  10. ^ Wolfson, Becky (2019-01-22). "Building expansion supports growth of Watson Institute". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  11. ^ Winikoff, James (2019-11-14). "Watson Institute creates Center for Human Rights, Humanitarian Studies". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  12. ^ Zhang, Auria (2019-03-06). "Watson Institute plans to merge three concentrations, IR Director to step down". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  13. ^ Handler, Jeffrey (2010-10-08). "$3 million grant funds graduate development program". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  14. ^ Fondriest, Natalie (2014-10-17). "Taubman, Watson accelerate MPA program". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  15. ^ Nash, Malcolm (2017-04-03). "Watson Institute launches fifth-year Master of Public Affairs program". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  16. ^ a b "Education | Watson Institute". Watson.brown.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  17. ^ Li, Aubrey (2019-11-08). "'Costs of War' project initiates research series to evaluate post-9/11 wars". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-09-12.
  18. ^ Gagosz, Alexa (1 September 2021). "The costs of post-9/11 wars exceed $8 trillion for US". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2021-09-12.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ Hussain, Murtaza a (1 September 2021). "Over Two Decades, U.S.'s Global War on Terror Has Taken Nearly 1 Million Lives and Cost $8 Trillion". The Intercept. Retrieved 2021-09-12.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. ^ Speyer, Anne (2009-02-11). "Holbrooke '62 expected to keep Watson appointment". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  21. ^ Barnes, Taylor (2007-03-22). "'Accidental President' Cardoso returns to Brazil". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  22. ^ Aratani, Lauren (2015-04-21). "Former Chilean President Ricardo Lagos shares experiences, advice". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  23. ^ January 8; Nickel 401-863-2476, 2009 Media contact: Mark. "Former Austrian Chancellor Appointed as Visiting Professor". news.brown.edu. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  24. ^ Moser, Hannah (2009-03-31). "Q&A with Romano Prodi". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  25. ^ Aman, Rebecca (2018-09-13). "Aman '20: Former RNC Chair Michael Steele's appointment as faculty fellow supports U. mission". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  26. ^ Service, Tribune News. "Ex-CEA Arvind Subramanian to join Brown University as senior fellow". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  27. ^ "Curriculum Vitae of Thomas G. Weiss" (PDF). November 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°49′31″N 71°24′00″W / 41.82515°N 71.39999°W / 41.82515; -71.39999