Wattle-necked softshell turtle

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Wattle-necked softshell turtle
Palea steindachneri.jpeg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Trionychidae
Subfamily: Trionychinae
Genus: Palea[1]
Meylan, 1987 [1]
Species: P. steindachneri
Binomial name
Palea steindachneri
(Siebenrock, 1906)[1]
  • Aspidonectes californiana
    Rivers, 1889 (nomen suppressum)
  • Pelodiscus californianus
    Baur, 1893
  • Aspidonectes californiensis
    O.P. Hay, 1904 (ex errore)
  • Trionyx steindachneri
    Siebenrock, 1906
    (nomen conservandum)
  • Amyda steindachneri
    K.P. Schmidt, 1927
  • Palea steindachneri
    — Meylan, 1987
  • Trionix steindachneri
    Richard, 1999
  • Pelodiscus steindachneri
    Pritchard, 2001

The wattle-necked softshell turtle (Palea steindachneri ), also commonly known as Steindachner's soft-shelled turtle,[4] is an endangered species of softshell turtle and the only member of the genus Palea.[1]


The specific name, steindachneri, is in honor of Austrian herpetologist Franz Steindachner.[4]


P. steindachneri is native to southeastern China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Laos, and Vietnam, but has also been introduced to Hawaii and Mauritius.[1]


P. steindachneri is endangered by poaching for human consumption.[2] Although pressure on the wild population continues, several thousand are hatched and raised each year in turtle farms in China and Vietnam for food and traditional medicine.[5][6]


  1. ^ a b c d e Rhodin, Anders G.J.; van Dijk, Peter Paul; Inverson, John B.; Shaffer, H. Bradley; Roger, Bour (2011-12-31). "Turtles of the world, 2011 update: Annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution and conservation status". Chelonian Research Monographs. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-22. 
  2. ^ a b Asian Turtle Trade Working Group (2000). Palea steindachneri. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
  3. ^ Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World". Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. 
  4. ^ a b Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M (2011) The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Palea steindachneri, p. 252).
  5. ^ Dharmananda, Subhuti, Endangered species issues affecting turtles and tortoises in Chinese medicine, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon 
  6. ^ "Raising trionychid turtles in Yen Bai", Vietnam in photos, 2013-02-17 

Further reading[edit]

  • Meylan PA (1987). "The Phylogenetic Relationships of Soft-shelled Turtles (Family Trionychidae)". Bull. American Mus. Nat. Hist. 186 (1): 1-100. (Palea, new genus, p. 94).
  • Siebenrock F (1906). "Zur Kenntnis der Schildkrötenfauna der Insel Hainan ". Zoologischer Anzeiger 30: 578-586. (Trionyx steindachneri, new species, pp. 579–581). (in German).