Watton, East Riding of Yorkshire
|Watton shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Population||259 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Watton is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The village is situated on the A164 road, about 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Beverley and 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Driffield.
Watton is the location for Watton Priory which was a Gilbertine double monastery founded in 1150 by Eustace fitz John. The present building dates mainly from the 14th and 15th centuries, although it has earlier origins, and a house was added in the 19th century. It is a Grade I listed building. The priory was dissolved in 1539 by Henry VIII. The Nun of Watton, famous from Ailred of Rievaulx's De Sanctimoniali de Wattun, is noted for her pregnancy while in the priory.
Near to the priory is the Church of St Mary which was designated a Grade I listed building in September 1966 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. The church building is primarily of 15th century construction but some 13th century materials remain, while the south porch, and north vestry are dated 1859. The parapet to tower is 20th century.
The origin of the word Watton is uncertain, but suggestions include
- Old English wád, or woad, and ton meaning small farming settlement; or
- waden meaning ford; or from waétan meaning watery.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Watton CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Watton CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
- Monegunda is a female name meaning "overprotective" and was known from medieval France.
- Farmer, David (2011). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints. Oxford University Press.
- Malton, William de. A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. Oxford University Press.
- "Forbidden love in Watton". Where I Live - Humber. BBC. 9 January 2006. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- Historic England. "Watton Abbey (1161550)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Historic England. "Watton Abbey (167881)". Images of England. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1083772)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- "Church of St Mary, Watton". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 11.
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