Location of Wau State in South Sudan
|Number of Counties||8|
|• Governor||Angelo Taban Biajo|
|Population (2014 Estimate)|
Wau State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan that formed on 2 October 2015. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region, and was part of the former state of Western Bahr el Ghazal. Wau State borders Aweil State, Gbudwe State, Gogrial State, Lol State, and Tonj State.
Before Wau state was formed, its territory was part of the former state of Western Bahr el Ghazal. On 2 October 2015, President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 constitutionally established states. The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines. A number of opposition parties and civil society groups challenged the constitutionality of the decree. Kiir later resolved to take it to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment. In November the South Sudanese parliament empowered President Kiir to create new states.
Elias Waya Nyipuoc was appointed as the governor for the state on 24 December 2015. After the outbreak of major clashes between government forces and Fertit militias in 2016, however, Waya was replaced by Andrea Mayan Achor on the orders of President Kiir. Mayan was sacked in September 2017. He was succeeded by Angelo Taban Biajo as governor.
Wau State is ethnically diverse, as it lies on the tribal border between the Dinka and Fertit peoples, who constitute the region's majority. Furthermore, numerous ethnic minorities live in the state, such as Luo, Jur Modo/Jur Beli, Balanda Boor/Balanda Bviri, Ndogo, Keresh, and Nuer.
Law and government
The capital of Wau State is the city of Wau. The city of Wau is located on the Jur River in the state, and it is the second largest city in the country with an estimated population of 151,320 people in 2008. Wau, South Sudan has its own airport, and the city is located 650 kilometers (404 miles) from Juba, the capital.
After South Sudan was divided into 28 federated states in 2015, the newly constituted Wau State was divided into eight counties. These counties are Kuarjina County, Roc Roc Dong County, Marial Bai County, Odechy County, Kangi County, Busalia County, Bagari County, and Baili County. Each county also received a county commissioner.
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