Wave dash

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Wave dash (, Unicode U+301C) is a fullwidth character represented in Japanese character encoding, usually used to represent a range.

Vertical wave dash (Wave DashV.svg) also exists, but is not encoded in Unicode.

Wave dash is also written in vertical text layout. Vertical wave dash is the vertical form by rotation and flip in Unicode and JIS C 6226.[1][2]

See also[edit]

Code reference[edit]

Wave dash in Character sets standards
Standard Release Code-Point
Ku-Ten / Ku-Men-Ten
Glyph Note
Unicode 1.0 1991 U+301C WAVE DASH Wave Dash2.svg The glyph was different from the original JIS C 6226 or JIS X 0208.
Unicode 8.0 2015 U+301C WAVE DASH Wave Dash.svg The glyph was fixed in Errata fixed in Unicode 8.0.0, The Unicode Consortium, 6 Oct 2014
JIS C 6226 1978 1-33 Wave Dash.svg The wave was not stressed this much.[3]
JIS X 0208 1990 1-33 Wave Dash.svg
JIS X 0213 2000 1-1-33 Wave Dash.svg
Wave dash in each encode[4]
Encode code Note
ISO 2022-JP 0x2141
Shift JIS 0x8160
EUC-JP 0xA1C1 (= 0x2141 + 0x8080)
UTF-8 0xE3809C


  1. ^ Ken Lunde (1999). CJKV Information Processing: Chinese, Japanese, Korean & Vietnamese Computing. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". pp. 345–346, 348. ISBN 978-1-56592-224-2.
  2. ^ Unicode Vertical Text Layout, Table 4. Glyph Changes for Vertical Orientation: www.unicode.orgCS1 maint: location (link)
  3. ^ Katsuhiro Ogata, History of wave dash in several standards (in Japanese), http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/special/20150307_691658.html: Internet WatchCS1 maint: location (link)
  4. ^ JIS X 0208 (1990) to Unicode, www.unicode.org, 1994