Wave spring

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A wave spring, also known as coiled wave spring or scrowave spring, is a spring made up of pre-hardened flat wire in a process called on-edge coiling[1] (also known as edge-winding). During this process, waves are added to give it a spring effect.[2][3] The number of turns and waves can be easily adjusted to accommodate stronger force or meet specific requirements.[2]

Advantages[edit]

A wave spring has advantages over a traditional coiled spring or a washer:[4]

  • Axial space can be reduced by up to 50%. As a result, the overall size of the assembly becomes smaller, reducing weight and production cost.
  • The load in an axial direction is 100% transferable.
  • One multi-turn wave spring replaces multiple stacked wave washers. This eases installation and reduces maintenance times.
  • A wave spring can accommodate higher thrust load within the axial space as only the wire size, number of waves, wave height and number of turns need to be adjusted to accommodate higher thrust loads.

Varieties[edit]

Multiple types of wave spring are available:[4][5] Single-turn wave springs include gap single-turn and overlap single-turn type. Multi-turn wave spring types, include shim-end and plain-end types. The nested wave spring incorporates smaller waves within larger ones.

Single-turn wave spring[edit]

Single turn wave spring

Single-turns are best for applications with short deflection and low to medium forces. The number of waves and material thickness can be changed to accommodate stronger forces. It is used for bearing pre-load.[6][7]

Multi-turn wave spring[edit]

A multi-turn wave spring can decrease the needed axial space. It is suited for applications with large deflection and a small spring rate. A wide range of forces can be accommodated.[8][9]

Nested wave spring[edit]

Eliminates the need to stack springs to accommodate higher loads. It produces high force while maintaining the precision of a circular-grain wave spring. It replaces a stack of belleville washers where a high but accurate force is needed.[5]

Materials[edit]

Manufacturers[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Wave Springs- Advantages".
  2. ^ a b Rotorclip: Advantages
  3. ^ Smalley Steel Ring Company. (2005). Engineering and Parts Catalog. p.7
  4. ^ a b Rotor Clip Company., Inc. (2010). Product Specifications. p. 12.
  5. ^ a b Smalley Steel Ring Company.(2005). Engineering and Parts Catalog. p.14
  6. ^ Rotor Clip Company., Inc. (2010). Company Overview. p.11
  7. ^ Preload
  8. ^ Rotor Clip Company., Inc. (2012). Wave Springs. p.2
  9. ^ Matumura-Kohki Co.,Ltd. (2009).Catalog. p.20
  10. ^ Rotor Clip Company., Inc. (2010). Product Specifications. p. 10 - 11.
  11. ^ a b Smalley Steel Ring Company.(2005). Engineering and Parts Catalog. p.84
  12. ^ a b Rotor Clip Company., Inc. (2012). Wave Springs. p.2.

References[edit]

  • Smalley Steel Ring Company. (2005). Engineering and Parts Catalog (Unknown ed.), Smalley Steel Ring Company
  • Matsumura-Kohki Co., Ltd. (2009). Catalog, 2nd, Matsumura-Kohki Co., Ltd.
  • Rotor Clip Company., Inc. (2010). Company Overview (4th ed.), Rotor Clip Co., Inc
  • Rotor Clip Company., Inc. (2010). Product Specifications (12th ed.), Rotor Clip Co., Inc
  • Rotor Clip Company., Inc. (2012). Wave Springs (1st ed.), Rotor Clip Co., Inc