Waveney (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Waveney in Suffolk
Location of Suffolk within England
|Electorate||79,132 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Peter Aldous (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
- 1 History
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 4 Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
The seat was created for the 1983 general election following the implementation of the third periodic review of Westminster constituencies, broadly replacing Lowestoft, which the first victor of the new seat had served since 1959.
Waveney has been a bellwether since its creation, swinging heavily in line with the mood of the nation. Labour's big majority in 1997 reflected the large overall majority in the Commons, and by the 2010 election it had become touted by one published analysis as the seat that the Conservatives needed to win to secure an overall majority. Fittingly, 2010 saw a marginal majority and the national result was a hung parliament with the Conservative Party the largest party. 2010 here was the Labour Party's second highest share of the vote in the narrow, traditional grouping of East Anglia (Suffolk, Norfolk and Essex).
Waveney had been held for many years by James Prior Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1970–1972), Leader of the House of Commons[n 3] (1972–1974), Secretary of State for Employment (1979–1981) then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland during the Heath ministry then the Thatcher ministry with an economic politics considered more centre-ground, then known as forming the wets' ideology.
Bob Blizzard served as a senior Government Whip from 2008 until 2010 when he lost at the election that May.
The seat is based around the town of Lowestoft, and includes several smaller market towns and seaside resorts in north-east Suffolk. This corner of Suffolk arguably has stronger connections with Norfolk – Norwich is an easier centre to reach than Ipswich – and there have been unsuccessful proposals to alter the county boundary to reflect this.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 4.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. This compares more unfavourably to the regional average of 3.2%.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1983–1997: The District of Waveney.
The constituency was formed from the abolished constituency of Lowestoft, with the exception of a small part in the north which was now part of Norfolk.
1997–2010: The District of Waveney except the wards of Blything, Halesworth, and Southwold.
Three wards transferred to Suffolk Coastal.
2010–present: The District of Waveney wards of Beccles North, Beccles South, Bungay, Carlton, Carlton Colville, Gunton and Corton, Harbour, Kessingland, Kirkley, Lothingland, Normanston, Oulton, Oulton Broad, Pakefield, St Margaret's, The Saints, Wainford, Whitton, and Worlingham.
Marginal changes due to revision of local authority wards.
The seat is based on the coastal town of Lowestoft, which today is generally Labour-voting, because of its recent history as a declining seaside resort, fishing and industrial town. However, the constituency also takes in the small towns of Beccles and Bungay. These along with the smaller inland rural villages are considerably more supportive of Conservatives.
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission proposed that the constituency be unchanged.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Helen Korfanty|
|Brexit Party||Robert Rowland|
|Liberal Democrat||Jacky Howe||1,012||1.9||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Gordon||1,055||2.0||−11.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Dean||6,811||13.3||−1.8|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Bromley||7,497||15.1||+3.7|
|Liberal Democrat||David Young||5,370||11.4||+2.4|
|Socialist Alliance||Rupert Mallin||442||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Thomas||5,054||9.0||−3.8|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+15.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Adrian Rogers||8,925||13.0||−8.6|
|Natural Law||David Hook||302||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||David Beavan||13,845||21.6||+0.7|
|Social Democratic||Gillian Artis||12,234||20.9||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
- "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- "Statement of persons nominated, notice of poll and situation of polling stations" (PDF). Waveney District Council. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.