Waverton, Cumbria

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Waverton
Christ Church, Waverton - geograph.org.uk - 522632.jpg
Christ Church
Waverton is located in Cumbria
Waverton
Waverton
Waverton shown within Cumbria
Population306 (2011)
OS grid referenceNY2241547466
• London321 mi (517 km)
Civil parish
  • Waverton
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIGTON
Postcode districtCA7
Dialling code01697
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°48′54″N 3°12′43″W / 54.815°N 3.212°W / 54.815; -3.212Coordinates: 54°48′54″N 3°12′43″W / 54.815°N 3.212°W / 54.815; -3.212

Waverton is a linear village and civil parish in Cumbria, northwest England. Waverton lies on the main A596 road east of a bridge over the River Waver, 2.2 miles south west from Wigton and 14.2 miles from the nearest city, Carlisle. The river is the reason for Waverton's name as well as it coming from the old English word tuǹ, this meaning "An enclosure; a farmstead; a village; an estate".[1]

Population[edit]

There were no major changes in the population of Waverton in the nineteenth century, when population first began to be collected in the Census. The population was slowly increasing each year, but only by a maximum of 30 people a year up till 1871.[2] After 1871 the Census records show that there was a decrease in the population. This fluctuation was repeated as from 1910 there was a sharp increase, however this was followed by another population depletion just after the 1920. The population of Waverton began steadily increasing even through World War II and the continued increase in population could be explained by the baby boom in 1950 which impacted the population all over the UK.[citation needed]

As recorded in the 2001 Census, Waverton's population was 326, with 173 females and 153 males.[3] reducing at the 2011 Census to a population of 306, with 151 females and 155 males.[4]

History[edit]

Waverton was originally a township in the Parish of Wigton; however it became a civil Parish soon after 1866. Its history is mainly focused around the agriculture industry and the Christ Church, located in what was previously known as the township.

Waverton's Church was built in 1865 and completed on 6 May. It was built in a Victorian Perpendicular High Church style as a chapel-of-ease.[5] The Christ Church had the ability to accommodate 150 people, and was home to two stained glass windows. The window on the east of the building had in the centre the figure of Jesus, as well as St. Peter and St. Paul by his sides. The window on the west was circular, holding seven circular lights.[6] Christ Church became the parish church for the newly formed Waverton-cum-Dundraw parish in 1902. St Patrick evangelised near the crossroads before moving on to Aspatria.

The church houses fittings from the former Dundraw Mission Church (which stopped being as a place of worship in 1965) including its altar, which was carved by the vicar of the day, and a baptismal font. A new war memorial (also from Dundraw) was installed in 2007.

The Christ Church now is described as a "modest village church". It runs weekly regular services, with other events in between such as book sales, pancake day and bank holidays services being a few of them. There is also the Harvest Festival and Plough Sunday have been created to celebrate the mainly agricultural community environment.[5]

Industry[edit]

The 1801 Census showed Waverton as dividedn into two main forms of employment:

  • Agriculture
  • Trade Manufacturing or Hand Craft

Throughout the 1800s it was clear that Waverton's industry was mainly dominated by agriculture. In the 1881 Census it was estimated that over 90% of all males had an occupation in agriculture, with the second largest occupation being dealers in various mineral substances.[7] The majority of women, on the other hand, in the 1881 Census were shown not to have a specific occupation, mainly staying at home to look after their children and carry out domestic activities. However a small percentage were employed in domestic services or offices.[7]

Climate[edit]

The nearest weather station to is Carlisle[8] which is 14.2 miles north-east from Waverton. The warmest months on average in Waverton are July and August with the highest temperatures being at an average of 19 degrees.

Climate data for Waverton, Cumbria
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
9
(48)
7
(45)
12
(54)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
4
(39)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
11
(52)
9
(48)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
6
(43)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 9.39
(3.70)
8.09
(3.19)
7.33
(2.89)
5.41
(2.13)
5.62
(2.21)
6.38
(2.51)
6.14
(2.42)
7.15
(2.81)
8.32
(3.28)
11.09
(4.37)
9.85
(3.88)
10.47
(4.12)
95.24
(37.51)
Source: Bing.com[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://kepn.nottingham.ac.uk/search[permanent dead link] The University of Nottingham,Search: Waverton Cumberland, Retrieved 22 March 2012
  2. ^ http://www.histpop.org/ohpr/servlet/Search?ResourceType=Census&ResourceType=Legislation&ResourceType=Essays&ResourceType=Registrar+General&ResourceType=TNA&SearchTerms=waverton+cumberland&search=Search&simple=yes&path=Results&treestate=expandnew&active=yes&titlepos=0 Hist Pop, Census data, 1801–1911, Retrieved 14 February 2012
  3. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=792983&c=waverton&d=16&e=15&g=431725&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1335366782847&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 2001 Census, Retrieved 21 April 2012
  4. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  5. ^ a b http://www.achurchnearyou.com/waverton-christ-church/ A description by the Church of England, retrieved 24 April 2012
  6. ^ http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/CUL/Wigton/Gaz1868.html Extract from the National Gazetteer, 1868, Retrieved 21 March 2012
  7. ^ a b http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_cube_page.jsp?data_theme=T_IND&data_cube=N_OCC_ORDER1881&u_id=10218100&c_id=10001043&add=Y Vision of Britain, Chart and Table view Retrieved 29 February 2012
  8. ^ http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/networks/ Region 4, Retrieved 28 April 2012
  9. ^ www.bing.com/weather Retrieved:2012-04-28

External links[edit]

Media related to Waverton, Cumbria at Wikimedia Commons