Way of a Gaucho
|Way of a Gaucho|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Jacques Tourneur|
|Produced by||Philip Dunne|
|Written by||Philip Dunne|
|Based on||The novel Way of a Gaucho by Herbert Childs|
|Music by||Sol Kaplan|
|Edited by||Robert Fritch|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$1.4 million (US rentals)|
Way of a Gaucho is a 1952 American western film directed by Jacques Tourneur and starring Gene Tierney, Rory Calhoun and Richard Boone. It was written by Philip Dunne and based on a novel by Herbert Childs.
The film was made by 20th Century Fox and shot on location in Argentina. It was one of a growing trend of Runaway productions which saw American production shift away from Hollywood to other countries, particularly Britain and Italy, where the Hollywood studios had large amounts of money frozen because of currency controls. During World War II the Argentinian market had remained open to Hollywood films and Fox had built up significant earnings which they were unable to spend outside the country.
In 1875 Argentina, a young gaucho kills another man in a duel. His prison sentence is commuted to join the army. He serves under the tough Major Salinas, but soon grows tired of military life and deserts. He becomes Val Verde and leads a band of gauchos to resist the increasing encroachment of railroad agents into the Pampas.
In the meantime Salinas quits the army and becomes chief of police, so he can continue his vendetta against him. After falling in love with an aristocratic woman, Martin decides to escape with her to Chile, crossing the Andes on horseback. On the way Teresa tells him that she is pregnant, so they decide to return and get married instead, because of her safety and that for them is inconceivable for the child to be raised without a legitimate last name.
When they arrive at the Cathedral, the police follows them so Martin has to escape again, leaving Teresa in the care of Father Fernandez. That night Martin's childhood friend Miguel talks with Teresa about a deal he reached with the Governor, in which Martin voluntarily turns himself in, in exchange for a 3 year prison sentence and a clean slate.
Teresa tells Miguel where Martin is hiding, but Salinas also follows, prompting a horse chase through a cattle run, that causes Miguel to fall from his horse and be trampled to death by the herd of cows. That same night, Martin returns filled with guilt to meet Teresa and while she offers to escape to Brazil or Europe, he declines and tells her to meet him at noon at the Cathedral. The next day Father Fernandez arranges a meeting alone with Salinas, where Martin agrees to turn himself in and face the consequences of his actions, as long as he can first marry Teresa as a free man.
- Rory Calhoun as Martín Peñaloza/Martin Penalosa/The Rebel Valverde
- Gene Tierney as Teresa Chavez
- Richard Boone as Major Salinas
- Hugh Marlowe as Don Miguel Aleondo
- Everett Sloane as Falcon
- Enrique Chaico as Father Fernández
- Jorge Villoldo as Valverde
- Rolando Dumas as Julio
- Hugo Mancini as Army Lieutenant
- Néstor Yoan as Army Lieutenant
20th Century Fox bought the film rights in July 1950. Henry King was the original director assigned and it was hoped to star Tyrone Power. Philip Dunne wrote the script and in January 1951 he was promoted to producer. (Fox often promoted writers to producers - such as Charles Brackett, Lamar Trotti and Nunnally Johnson.)
By March there was talks that Power would no longer star. Then in May King, who wanted to direct another movie, was replaced by Jacques Tourneur, who had just signed a long term contract with the studio.
The studio wanted Power to star, but he was unhappy with continually being cast in period movies. He refused to star in Lydia Bailey and was put on suspension by Fox, which meant he missed out on Gaucho. (Power would later come to terms with the studio and appear in Diplomatic Courier.) In August the lead role was given to Rory Calhoun, who the studio were grooming for stardom. "I've had my eye on Rory for several years," said Darryl Zanuck, head of Fox, "but he was under contract to another studio."
Dunne and Tourneur left for South America in late August to do location filming. Dunne estimated the budget would be around $2 million.
Apart from the leading parts, English-speaking Argentine actors were hired. The film's production was troubled, in part because of a tense relationship between the filmmakers and the Peronist government of Argentina. The story is freely based on the epic poem Martín Fierro (1872 and 1879) by Argentine poet, politician and journalist José Hernández. The film's producer and screenwriter Philip Dunne observed that Juan Peron's followers "had made the legendary gaucho, then almost extinct, a national hero and symbol of their own aggressive nationalism" and the script was closely monitored by the Minister of Information Raul Apold. The budget overran by $413,000 and eventually cost $2,239,000.
"We believe we've got a good picture," said Dunne towards the end of the shoot. "The scenery has been magnificent and Darryl Zanuck gave me some of his best people to work with.We've made everything authentic for the period... We were budgeted for $2 million for the picture, about half in dollars, half in pesos. But we didn't make the picture here just to use blocked pesos. Zanuck told me he wanted to make a great picture. He got one."
The making of a Gaucho film in Argentina by a major United States film studio inspired the local studios to make a Western movie in Argentina for the first time. El ultimo cow-boy (The Last Cowboy) is the result, an Argentinian black and white film directed by es:Juan Sires, based on the script by Eric Della Valle and Miguel Petruccelli, that premiered on February 25, 1954 and had as its cast: Augusto Codeca, Hector Calcaño, Hector Quintanilla and Pedro Laxalt. The film was initially going to be called "Camino del Cow-boy" (The Way of The Cowboy), seeking to replicate in jocular form Tourneur's Camino del Gaucho/Way of a Gaucho.
- 'Top Box-Office Hits of 1952', Variety, January 7, 1953
- Law Defied by Gaucho for Honor Los Angeles Times 14 Nov 1948: D5.
- BOOKMAN'S NOTEBOOK: A Gaucho's Freedom Jackson, Joseph Henry. Los Angeles Times 14 Oct 1948: A5.
- Review 1 -- No Title: WAY OF A GAUCHO. By Herbert Childs. MATCH, RICHARD. New York Times 31 Oct 1948: BR23.
- CASTS ARE CHOSEN FOR WARNER FILMS: ALL SET TO OPEN HERE By THOMAS F. BRADY New York Times 14 July 1950: 29.
- THREE LAWSUITS ENLIVEN FILMDOM: Groucho Marx Seeks $35,000 Damages From Producers-- R.K.O. Files on 'Stromboli' Of Local Origin By THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. 2 Nov 1950: 39.
- Drama: Dore Schary Picture List Rated Notable. Los Angeles Times 26 Jan 1951: A8.
- Drama: Louis Hayward Sets Producing Deal; Lisa Golm's Career Active Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 19 Mar 1951: B9.
- Drama: Robert Ryan Would Star in 'Counsellor-at-Law;' Erickson Gigi's Papa Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 2 May 1951: A11.
- CALHOUN GETS LEAD IN ADVENTURE FILM: Will Have Top Role in 'Way of a Gaucho,' Part Rejected by Tyrone Power at Fox Role for Barbara Stanwyck - By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times 14 Aug 1951: 20.
- Inroads Made by Television No Worry to Darryl Zanuck - By Hedda Hopper. Los Angeles Times 19 Oct 1952: E3.
- FANCHON & MARCO LOSES $300,000 SUIT: U.S. Court Rules Clearance in Film Bookings Does Not Violate Anti-Trust Laws List of Defendants - By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times 18 Aug 1951: 7.
- MOVIE PROMOTION IS FOUND WANTING: Survey Shows Advertising and Publicity on New Films Falls Short of Mark in 1946 Preminger, Kurnitz Team Up - By THOMAS M. PRYOR, Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. 24 Aug 1951: 25.
- BY WAY OF REPORT: The South American Way At Fox--Disney Docket CRYSTAL GAZER: AGENDA: OF GANDHI: By HOWARD THOMPSON. New York Times 26 Aug 1951: X5.
- KRAMER SPLITTING WITH FILM PARTNER: Producer Says He Is in 'Total Disagreement' With Foreman Company Will Meet Gene Tierney Takes Role - By THOMAS M. PRYOR, Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times 26 Sep 1951: 36.
- FOX SEEKS TO CALL CREW IN ARGENTINA: Uprising Worries Studio, for 'Way of a Gaucho' Group Is to Do Work There New Find at Warners By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. [New York, N.Y]29 Sep 1951: 9.
- Lev p.149
- Solomon p.110
- ACROSS THE PAMPAS WITH 'WAY OF A GAUCHO': Scorpions, Casting and Language Among Problems Faced in 1,875-Mile Trek - By FOSTER HAILEY, BUENOS AIRES. New York Times 13 Jan 1952: X5.
- Fujiwara, Chris. Jacques Tourneur: The Cinema of Nightfall. McFarland & Co, 1998.
- Lev, Peter. The Fifties: Transforming the Screen 1950-1959. University of California Press, 2003.
- Solomon, Aubrey. Twentieth Century-Fox: A Corporate and Financial History. Scarecrow Press, 1988.