Wayne County, Kentucky
|Wayne County, Kentucky|
Wayne County courthouse in Monticello
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Anthony Wayne|
|• Total||484 sq mi (1,254 km2)|
|• Land||458 sq mi (1,186 km2)|
|• Water||26 sq mi (67 km2), 5.4%|
|• Density||43/sq mi (17/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC−5/−4|
Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,813. Its county seat is Monticello. The county was named for Gen. Anthony Wayne. It is a prohibition or dry county.
The first of European descent to visit the area were longhunters, arriving in the 1770s and establishing a camp near Mill Springs on the Cumberland River. Benjamin Price built a cabin in 1775 and Price's Station was one of the earliest of Kentucky's settlements.
Many of the early settlers were Revolutionary War veterans - Joshua Jones who arrived in 1794, Jonathan and James Ingram arriving in 1796, Cornelius Phillips in 1798, and Isaac West in 1799. Wayne County was formed December 13, 1800 from Pulaski and Cumberland Counties. It was the 43rd county and is named for General "Mad Anthony" Wayne, a hero of the American Revolution and the Northwest Indian War. Wayne's victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers virtually ended the Indian threat against Kentucky settlers.
Confederate army headquarters of General Felix Zollicoffer were located in the Brown-Lanier House at Mill Springs early in the Civil War. Zollicoffer was killed in the Battle of Mill Springs in the community of Logan's Cross Roads, today known as Nancy, across the Cumberland River from his headquarters. The Confederates were defeated January 19, 1862. During the winter of 1861, an act was passed by the Confederate government of Kentucky to rename Wayne County to Zollicoffer County in honor of Felix Zollicoffer.
The county's elevation ranges from 723 feet (220 m) to 1,788 feet (545 m), at the Monticello/Wayne County Airport the elevation is 963 feet (294 m). Wayne County is located in the Pennyrile Plateau (image) and Eastern Coal Field (image) regions of Kentucky.
- Russell County (northwest/CST Border)
- Pulaski County (northeast)
- McCreary County (east)
- Scott County, Tennessee (southeast)
- Pickett County, Tennessee (south/CST Border)
- Clinton County (west/CST Border)
National protected area
- Daniel Boone National Forest (part)
Time zone boundary
Wayne County is on Eastern Time; however, its western border, shared with Clinton and Russell Counties, is part of the Eastern/Central time zone boundary, as is its southern border with Pickett County, TN. Wayne County was on Central time until October 2000; an account of this change is documented in an article by Dr. Stanley Brunn of the University of Kentucky.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,923 people, 7,913 households, and 5,808 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 per square mile (17/km2). There were 9,789 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.98% White, 1.49% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,913 households out of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $20,863, and the median income for a family was $24,869. Males had a median income of $24,021 versus $18,102 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,601. About 24.60% of families and 29.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.90% of those under age 18 and 31.50% of those age 65 or over.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Wayne County, Kentucky
- Ken Upchurch - member of the Kentucky House of Representatives from Wayne County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Price's Meadow", Kentucky Historical Marker #988, Wayne County, 10 miles north of Monticello on Ky Highway 90.
- Kleber, John, Editor (1992). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. University of Kentucky Press. pp. 938–39. ISBN 0813117720.
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 37.
- ^ Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
- source unknown
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Brunn, Stanley D. 2001. "Citizen reaction to a proposed time zone change in Kentucky: Juxtaposing boundaries on the land / in the mind." Southeastern Geographer 41 (2): 246-258.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- American Fact Finder, U.S. Bureau of the Census.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
- Wayne County History
- [ County History]
- Wayne County Historical Museum
- Battle of Mill Springs
- Wayne County KYGenWeb Site
- School Systems