Wayne County, Kentucky
Wayne County courthouse in Monticello
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Anthony Wayne|
|• Total||484 sq mi (1,250 km2)|
|• Land||458 sq mi (1,190 km2)|
|• Water||26 sq mi (70 km2) 5.4%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||43/sq mi (17/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,813. Its county seat is Monticello. The county was named for Gen. Anthony Wayne. It is a prohibition or dry county.
The first white settlers to visit the area were longhunters who arrived in the 1770s, establishing a temporary camp near Mill Springs on the Cumberland River. Benjamin Price built a log cabin in 1775, and Price's Station became one of the earliest Kentucky settlements.
Many Revolutionary War veterans soon arrived, including Joshua Jones, who arrived in 1794, Jonathan and James Ingram in 1796, Cornelius Phillips in 1798, and Isaac West in 1799. Wayne County was formed December 13, 1800 from Pulaski and Cumberland Counties. It was the 43rd county and is named for General "Mad Anthony" Wayne, a hero of the American Revolution and the Northwest Indian War. Wayne's victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers virtually ended the Indian threat against Kentucky settlers.
Early in the Civil War, Confederate Army General Felix Zollicoffer made his headquarters in the Brown-Lanier House at Mill Springs. Gen. Zollicoffer was killed at the Battle of Mill Springs on January 19, 1862, when he mistook some Union troops for his own and approached them. The Union men shot him dead, and without their leader the Confederate were defeated. . During the winter of 1861, an act was passed by the Confederate government of Kentucky to change the name of Wayne County to Zollicoffer County in honor of the general.
The county's elevation ranges from 723 feet (220 m) to 1,788 feet (545 m), at the Monticello/Wayne County Airport the elevation is 963 feet (294 m). Wayne County is located in the Pennyrile Plateau (image) and Eastern Coal Field (image) regions of Kentucky.
- Russell County (northwest/CST Border)
- Pulaski County (northeast)
- McCreary County (east)
- Scott County, Tennessee (southeast)
- Pickett County, Tennessee (south/CST Border)
- Clinton County (west/CST Border)
National protected area
- Daniel Boone National Forest (part)
Time zone boundary
Wayne County is on Eastern Time; however, its western border, shared with Clinton and Russell Counties, is part of the Eastern/Central time zone boundary, as is its southern border with Pickett County, TN. Wayne County was on Central time until October 2000; an account of this change is documented in an article by Dr. Stanley Brunn of the University of Kentucky.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,923 people, 7,913 households, and 5,808 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 per square mile (17/km2). There were 9,789 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.98% White, 1.49% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino any race.
There were 7,913 households out of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $20,863, and the median income for a family was $24,869. Males had a median income of $24,021 versus $18,102 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,601. About 24.60% of families and 29.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.90% of those under age 18 and 31.50% of those age 65 or over.
Shelby M. Cullom (1829-1914), Governor of Illinois (1877-1883); U. S. Senator (1883-1913)
Preston H. Leslie (1819-1907) - Governor of Kentucky (1871-1875); Governor of Montana (1887-1889)
Lettice Bryan, author of The Kentucky Housewife (1839), a popular cookbook, lived in Wayne County in the 1830s and 1840s with her husband, Dr. Edmund Bryan, and children when her cookbook was published.
- William Crenshaw Kennedy, Jr. Memorial Museum and Genealogy Library
- The Quilte Shoppe, 24 North Main, Monticello, Ky and Linda's Quilt Shop, 627 Michigan Avenue, Monticello, Ky
- Doughboy Monument located on the Monticello town square, a tribute to World War I soldiers.
- Conley Bottom Resort and Marina on Lake Cumberland
- Mill Springs Mill and Park - a water-powered overshot gristmill built in 1877 and still in operation today.
- Brown-Lanier House - Historic home associated with the Civil War Battle of Mill Springs/Logan's Crossroads.
Wayne County Schools operates public schools.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Wayne County, Kentucky
- Ken Upchurch - member of the Kentucky House of Representatives from Wayne County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Price's Meadow", Kentucky Historical Marker #988, Wayne County, 10 miles north of Monticello on Ky Highway 90.
- Kleber, John, Editor (1992). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. University of Kentucky Press. pp. 938–39. ISBN 0813117720.
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 37.
- ^ Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
- source unknown
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Brunn, Stanley D. 2001. "Citizen reaction to a proposed time zone change in Kentucky: Juxtaposing boundaries on the land / in the mind." Southeastern Geographer 41 (2): 246-258.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 29, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- American Fact Finder, U.S. Bureau of the Census.
- "Mrs. Bryan's "Kentucky Housewife": Managing a Household in the 1830s". Primary Source Bazaar. July 18, 2019.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
- McGinnis, Sylvia (2013-03-19). "Monticello Independent School Operation of school district to cease June 30". Wayne County Outlook. CNHI. Retrieved 2019-10-25.
- Wayne County History
- [ County History]
- Wayne County Historical Museum
- Battle of Mill Springs
- Wayne County KYGenWeb Site
- School Systems