Wayne County, Tennessee

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Wayne County, Tennessee
Wayne-County-Courthouse-E-tn1.jpg
Wayne County Courthouse in Waynesboro
Map of Tennessee highlighting Wayne County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1817
Named for General Anthony Wayne[1]
Seat Waynesboro
Largest city Clifton
Area
 • Total 736 sq mi (1,906 km2)
 • Land 734 sq mi (1,901 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 17,021
 • Density 23/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.waynecountytn.org

Wayne County is a county located in Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,021.[2] Its county seat is Waynesboro.[3] The county is named after General "Mad Anthony" Wayne.

History[edit]

Wayne County was created in 1817 from parts of Hickman and Humphreys counties. Waynesboro, its county seat, was established in 1821.[1] The city of Clifton emerged as a key river port in the mid-19th century.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 736 square miles (1,910 km2), of which 734 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] It is the second-largest county in Tennessee by area. The county lies primarily along the southwestern Highland Rim.[1] The Tennessee River flows along Wayne County's northwestern border with Decatur County. The Buffalo River, a tributary of the Duck River, flows through the northern part of Wayne County. The Green River, a tributary of the Buffalo, flows through Waynesboro.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

  • Arnold Hollow Wildlife Management Area
  • Browntown Wildlife Management Area
  • Eagle Creek Wildlife Management Area
  • Tie Camp Wildlife Management Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,459
1830 6,013 144.5%
1840 7,705 28.1%
1850 8,170 6.0%
1860 9,115 11.6%
1870 10,209 12.0%
1880 11,301 10.7%
1890 11,471 1.5%
1900 12,936 12.8%
1910 12,062 −6.8%
1920 12,877 6.8%
1930 12,134 −5.8%
1940 13,638 12.4%
1950 13,864 1.7%
1960 11,908 −14.1%
1970 12,365 3.8%
1980 13,946 12.8%
1990 12,935 −7.2%
2000 16,842 30.2%
2010 17,021 1.1%
Est. 2016 16,713 [5] −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2014[2]
Age pyramid Wayne County[10]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 17,021 people, 5,822 households, and 4,321 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 6,701 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.3% White, 5.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. 1.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,936 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 121.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 125.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,576, and the median income for a family was $30,973. Males had a median income of $27,879 versus $19,034 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,472. About 12.90% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 19.60% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

The religious affiliations of the people of Wayne County, Tennessee are: [12]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 86.0% 5,036 12.2% 717 1.8% 104
2012 77.5% 4,253 21.2% 1,163 1.3% 70
2008 73.8% 4,076 24.5% 1,355 1.7% 96
2004 66.8% 3,999 32.6% 1,951 0.6% 34
2000 63.5% 3,370 35.0% 1,859 1.5% 77
1996 58.4% 2,715 33.9% 1,574 7.8% 361
1992 56.1% 2,955 35.5% 1,868 8.4% 443
1988 68.8% 3,405 30.6% 1,516 0.6% 30
1984 68.3% 3,332 31.4% 1,534 0.3% 13
1980 64.5% 3,418 30.8% 1,633 4.6% 246
1976 57.6% 2,597 41.9% 1,891 0.5% 23
1972 79.8% 2,898 18.5% 673 1.7% 61
1968 58.5% 2,417 12.3% 506 29.2% 1,208
1964 68.1% 2,510 31.9% 1,178
1960 75.2% 2,912 24.0% 931 0.8% 29
1956 70.7% 2,557 28.9% 1,045 0.4% 16
1952 70.6% 2,439 29.2% 1,008 0.2% 6
1948 68.4% 1,957 28.7% 820 3.0% 85
1944 77.5% 2,185 22.3% 630 0.2% 5
1940 69.2% 2,486 30.6% 1,100 0.2% 6
1936 63.9% 1,304 35.9% 733 0.2% 4
1932 66.0% 1,082 33.1% 543 0.9% 14
1928 81.6% 1,756 17.8% 382 0.6% 13
1924 75.2% 1,398 24.1% 448 0.7% 12
1920 79.7% 2,617 19.9% 654 0.4% 13
1916 75.3% 1,626 23.9% 517 0.8% 17
1912 53.8% 971 24.1% 435 22.1% 399

Wayne County is one of the most staunchly Republican leaning counties in Tennessee as well as the country when it comes to presidential elections. In the 20th century, the county was an enclave of the Republican Party in Middle Tennessee, one of few outside Eastern Tennessee in a state that was up until recently Democratic. No Democratic presidential candidate has carried the county since Samuel J. Tilden in the controversial 1876 election.[14]

On rare occasions, the county has voted for Democratic candidates for U.S. Senate and state governor. Al Gore carried Wayne County in his run for the U.S. Senate in 1984 and his 1990 reelection bid, though he never carried in either 1992 or 1996 as Bill Clinton's vice presidential running mate or his campaign for the presidency in 2000, in which he also lost his home state. Aside from Gore, Jim Sasser carried the county in his last successful reelection bid for the Senate in 1988, Ned McWherter carried it in his 1990 reelection bid for governor, and Phil Bredesen carried it in his 2006 gubernatorial reelection bid.[15]

Education[edit]

College[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

  • The Wayne County News
  • Wayne County Now

Events[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable individuals[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bob Rains, "Wayne County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: April 23, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ Wayne County, City-Data.com. Retrieved: April 23, 2013.
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ Géographie Électorale; 1876 presidential election county map
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°14′N 87°47′W / 35.24°N 87.79°W / 35.24; -87.79