Dyer in 2009
May 10, 1940|
Detroit, Michigan, US
August 29, 2015 (aged 75)|
Maui County, Hawaii, US
|Occupation||Teacher, author, philosopher , motivator|
Wayne Walter Dyer (May 10, 1940 – August 29, 2015) was an American philosopher, self-help author, and a motivational speaker. His first book, Your Erroneous Zones (1976), is one of the best-selling books of all time, with an estimated 35 million copies sold to date.
Dyer was born in Detroit, Michigan, to Melvin Lyle Dyer and Hazel Irene Vollick, and spent much of his first ten years in an orphanage on the east side of Detroit, after his father walked out on the family, leaving his mother to raise three small boys. After graduating from Denby High School, Dyer served in the United States Navy from 1958 to 1962. He received his Ed.D. degree in counseling from Wayne State University for a dissertation titled Group Counseling Leadership Training in Counselor Education, under the supervision of Mildred Peters.
Dyer, a Detroit native, worked as a high school guidance counselor there and as a professor of counseling psychology at St. John's University in New York City. He pursued an academic career, published in journals, and established a private therapy practice. His lectures at St. John's University, which focused on positive thinking and motivational speaking techniques, attracted many students. A literary agent persuaded Dyer to document his theories in his first book, called Your Erroneous Zones (1976). Dyer quit his teaching job and began a publicity tour of the United States, doggedly pursuing bookstore appearances and media interviews ("out of the back of his station wagon", according to Michael Korda, making the best-seller lists "before book publishers even noticed what was happening"). After Your Erroneous Zones dozens more books followed, many of them also best-sellers. Among them were Wishes Fulfilled, Excuses Begone and The Sky’s the Limit. The success of these books eventually led to national television talk show appearances including The Merv Griffin Show, The Tonight Show, and The Phil Donahue Show.
Dyer proceeded to build on his success with lecture tours, a series of audiotapes, PBS programs, and regular publication of new books. Dyer's message resonated with many in the New Thought Movement and beyond. He often recounted anecdotes from his family life and repeatedly used his own life experience as an example. His self-made man success story was a part of his appeal. Dyer told readers to pursue self actualization, calling reliance on the self a guide to "religious" experience, and suggested that readers emulate Jesus Christ, whom he termed both an example of a self-actualized person and a "preacher of self-reliance". Dyer criticized societal focus on guilt, which he saw as an unhealthy immobilization in the present due to actions taken in the past. He encouraged readers to see how parents, institutions, and even they, themselves, had imposed guilt trips upon themselves.
Although Dyer initially resisted the spiritual tag, by the 1990s he had altered his message to include more components of spirituality when he wrote the book Real Magic and discussed higher consciousness in the book Your Sacred Self.
Wayne Dyer stated Nisargadatta Maharaj to be his Teacher and cited the quotation, "Love says: 'I am everything'. Wisdom says: 'I am nothing' from a compilation of talks on Shiva Advaita (Nondualism) philosophy I Am That. He was influenced by Abraham Maslow's concept of self-actualization and by the teachings of Swami Muktananda, whom he considered to be his Master. In his book, Wishes Fulfilled; Mastering the Art of Manifesting, Dr. Dyer also credited Saint Francis of Assisi and the Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu as foundational influences in his work.
Psychologist Albert Ellis wrote that Dyer's book Your Erroneous Zones was probably "the worst example" of plagiarism of Ellis' Rational Emotive Therapy (RET). In a 1985 letter to Dyer, Ellis claimed that Dyer had participated in an Ellis workshop on RET before he published Your Erroneous Zones, in which Dyer appeared to understand RET very well. Ellis added that "300 or more people have voluntarily told me... that [the book] was clearly derived from RET." Dyer never apologized nor expressed any sense of wrongdoing. Ellis admonished Dyer for unethically and unprofessionally failing to credit Ellis's work as the book's primary source, but expressed overall gratitude for Dyer's work, writing: "Your Erroneous Zones is a good book, ... it has helped a great number of people, and ... it outlines the main principles of RET quite well,... with great simplicity and clarity." In the book Your Erroneous Zones, Dyer makes reference to Albert Ellis in chapter seven.
In 2010, author Stephen Mitchell filed a lawsuit against Dyer for plagiarism, accusing him of taking 200 lines of his interpretation of the Tao Te Ching for his books Living the Wisdom of the Tao and Change Your Thoughts – Change Your Life. The suit was dismissed in 2011 after Dyer and Mitchell agreed to a settlement.
Dyer was married three times. With his first wife, Judy, he had a daughter. With his second wife, Susan Casselman, he had no children. With his third wife, Marcelene, he had five children, and two stepchildren from Marcelene's prior marriage. Wayne and Marcelene legally separated in 2001, after 20 years of marriage.[additional citation(s) needed]
My beliefs are that the truth is a truth until you organize it, and then it becomes a lie. I don't think that Jesus was teaching Christianity, Jesus was teaching kindness, love, concern, and peace. What I tell people is don't be Christian, be Christ-like. Don't be Buddhist, be Buddha-like.
Religion is orthodoxy, rules and historical scriptures maintained by people over long periods of time. Generally people are raised to obey the customs and practices of that religion without question. These are customs and expectations from outside the person and do not fit my definition of spiritual.
- Your Erroneous Zones
- Pulling Your Own Strings
- The Sky's the Limit
- Gifts from Eykis
- What Do You Really Want For Your Children
- Happy Holidays
- No More Holiday Blues
- Everyday Wisdom
- You'll See It When You Believe It
- Real Magic
- Your Sacred Self
- A Promise is a Promise (with Marcelene Dyer)
- Manifest Your Destiny
- Wisdom of the Ages
- There's a Spiritual Solution to Every Problem
- 10 Secrets for Success and Inner Peace
- The Power of Intention
- Inspiration (Renamed Living an Inspired Life, March 2016)
- Being in Balance
- Change Your Thoughts - Change Your Life
- Getting in the Gap
- The Invisible Force
- Living the Wisdom of the Tao
- My Greatest Teacher (with Lynn Lauber)
- Staying on the Path
- The Shift
- Excuses Begone
- Wishes Fulfilled
- Co-creating at Its Best (with Esther Hicks)
- Don't Die with Your Music Still in You (with Serena J. Dyer)
- I Can See Clearly Now
- Memories of Heaven (with Dee Garnes)
- Good-bye, Bumps! (with Saje Dyer)
- I Am (with Kristina Tracy)
- Incredible You! (with Kristina Tracy)
- It's Not What You've Got! (with Kristina Tracy)
- No Excuses! (with Kristina Tracy)
- Unstoppable Me! (with Kristina Tracy)
- Ambition to Meaning (January 2009), rereleased as The Shift (April 2009) by Hay House
- Day & Night (2010), an animated short film created by Pixar, featuring an excerpt from one of Dyer's lectures and voiced by Dyer, which was shown with Toy Story 3 (2010) during the latter movie's opening in the U.S.
- Comfort, David (14 November 2013). An Insider's Guide to Publishing. Writer's Digest Books. p. 244. ISBN 9781599637815. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- Dan Coffey (2002). St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture. Gale Group7TV.[dead link]
- Wayne Dyer and Oprah Winfrey - The Wisdom of the Tao (Full ed.). YouTube.
- "Author Biography". Hay House.
- Wayne, Dyer. Group Counseling Leadership Training in Counselor Education. ProQuest. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- "Wayne Dyer, author of 'Erroneous Zones', dies at 75". Spokesman. September 1, 2015.
- Michael Korda (2001). Making the List: A Cultural History of the American Bestseller, 1900–1999. Barnes & Noble Publishing.
- Dan P. McAdams (2006). The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live by. Oxford University Press.
- Henlee Huxlee Barnette (1982). Exploring Medical Ethics. Mercer University Press.
- "Local News". Boca Raton News. November 13, 2002.
- "Interview With New Age Retailer". November 2005. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
- YouTube. YouTube. May 16, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Dyer, Wayne. Wishes Fulfilled, Mastering the Art of Manifesting.
- Ellis, Albert (2010). All out!: An Autobiography. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. p. 485. ISBN 9781591024521.
- Ellis, Albert (2010). All out!: An Autobiography. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. pp. 486–490. ISBN 9781591024521.
- Belloni, Matt. "Self-help guru Wayne Dyer sued for stealing from Tao book" Hollywood Reporter, December 21, 2010
- "Stephen Mitchell v. Wayne Dyer et al" California Central District Court, Case No. 2:10-cv-03891, October 18, 2011
- Dyer, Wayne W. (2012). "DVD no. 1 of 4-DVD set: Experiencing the Miraculous". Archived from the original on January 30, 2012.
- "Health & Wellness Articles - Anti Aging - Fitness - Detoxification - Inspiration - Mental Health - Nutrition - Medicine - Relationships - Weight Loss - Success - Anti Aging". Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- "There's A Spiritual Solution To Every Problem". Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Aiello, McKenna (August 30, 2015). "Wayne Dyer Dead at 75—Ellen DeGeneres, Portia de Rossi and More Stars Remember Self-Help Guru". E! Online News. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
- Johnson, M. Alex (August 30, 2015). "Self-Help Pioneer Dr. Wayne Dyer Dies at 75, Family and Publisher Say". NBCNews.com. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
- Hearne, Geri (August 16, 2016). "Dads Never Die: In Death, Wayne Dyer Teaches His Children And Us About Love". The Huffington Post. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
- "Day & Night: The Quote". Pixar Talk. Retrieved June 6, 2015.