Wayne P. Armstrong

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Wayne P. Armstrong (aka "Mr. Wolffia") is a natural historian, author, photographer, and creator of the extensive online natural history textbook, Wayne's Word: An Online Textbook Of Natural History.[1] He was a professor of botany at Palomar College, now adjunct professor. He is an expert on the flora of North San Diego County.[1] He wrote the section on Lemnaceae (syn. Araceae) in the revised Jepson Manual.[2] He specializes in macrophotography of unusual and little-known plants and animals.

Life and career[edit]

For 40 years he taught courses in general biology, general botany, plants & people, and plant identification. He is also author of the popular natural history website called Wayne's Word: An Online Textbook Of Natural History, including 4 decades of lecture material placed on blackboards & whiteboards during his teaching career. He has studied & photographed duckweeds extensively in California (subfamily Lemnoideae), including the world's smallest flowering plants, and wrote the duckweed section for The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California (2nd Edition). His articles and photo images have appeared in more than 240 natural history publications.8iiyt9o7666j866oo6fiyiouiihc87y978ii7u.b

Armstrong's special areas of interest include the taxonomy of duckweeds, lichen symbiosis, the fig & its symbiotic wasp, drift seeds & fruits that float across oceans, botanical jewelry & the coconut pearl hoax, poison oak immune response, amazing plants (botanical record-breakers), California floristics (including Brodiaeas in California), and the evolution & adaptations of organisms. He wrote a Master's Thesis on Cupressus.[3] Although primarily a botanist, he has once again focused his attention on ant diversity, his childhood passion. He is a Professor Emeritus in the Life Sciences Department at Palomar College, San Marcos, California.[4][5]


  1. ^ a b Hineline, Mark (6 June 2004). "Local proprietor shares his knowledge". North County Times. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06.
  2. ^ "Wayne P. Armstrong". Pacific Horticulture Magazine. Retrieved 2015-01-21.
  3. ^ Ecological and Taxonomic Relationships of Cupressus in Southern California. California State College at Los Angeles. p. 248.
  4. ^ New York Botanical Garden Index Herbariorum "Index Herbariorum" Check |url= value (help). New York Botanical Garden. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  5. ^ Jepson Herbarium "The Jepson Manual" Check |url= value (help). University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 21 June 2014.

External links[edit]