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Complete wazwan on one platter (or majma). This is usually presented to the would-be in-laws before/on the day of the marriage.
Region or stateKashmir

Wazwan (Kashmiri pronunciation: [waːzɨwaːn]) is a multi-course meal in Kashmiri cuisine, originating from Kashmir.

Almost all the dishes are meat-based using lamb or chicken with few vegetarian dishes. It is popular throughout the larger Kashmir region. Moreover, Wazwan is also served internationally at Kashmiri food festivals and reunions.[1]


Waza preparing rista

In the Kashmiri language, waz means 'cook' or 'cooking' and wan means 'shop'. The ultimate formal banquet in Kashmir is the royal wazwan. Of its thirty-six courses, between fifteen and thirty can be preparations of meat, cooked overnight under the supervision of a master chef called a wouste waze. Guests are seated in groups of four and share the meal out of a large copper plate called the traem. A ritual washing of hands in a portable basin called the Tash-t-naer, which is taken around by attendants. Then the traem arrives, heaped with rice, quartered by two seekh kababs and contains four pieces of methi maaz, (mutton intestines flavored with a spice mixture containing dried fenugreek (methi) leaves), two tabakh maaz (twice-cooked lamb ribs, initially braised with ground spices, then browned in ghee), one safed kokur (chicken with white sauce), one zafran kokur (chicken with saffron sauce), and the first few courses. Yogurt and chutney are served separately in small earthen pots. Up to about 20 items are served thereafter by waza (the junior cook). Seven dishes are a must for these occasions — tabakh maaz, rista (meatballs in a red, paprika-saffron-fennel spice gravy colored with dyer's alkanet), rogan josh, daniwal korma (lamb roasted with yoghurt, spices and onion puree, topped with coriander leaves), aab gosh (lamb chunks cooked with a fennel-based spice mixture, cardamom and partially evaporated milk), marchhwangan korma (chicken legs/thighs cooked in a spicy browned-onion sauce) and gushtaba (meatballs cooked in a spicy yoghurt gravy).[2][3] The main course usually ends with gushtaba.[4] The gushtaba is a large meatball which signals the end of the main course. After that, desserts are served. In winters, the dessert can be a hot sweet dish and in summers, it is usually something cold.

List of main dishes[edit]

  • Rista (meatballs in a fiery red gravy)[2][3][4]
  • Lahabi kabab or Moachi kabab (flattened mutton kababs cooked in yogurt)
  • Waza kokur (two halves or two full chicken cooked whole)
  • Daeni phoul (mutton dish)
  • Doudha ras (mutton cooked in sweet milk gravy)
  • Rogan josh (tender lamb cooked with Kashmiri spices)[2][4]
  • Tseer-e-Gushtab (A soft meatball with apricot inside cooked with yogurt)
  • Tabak maaz (ribs of lamb simmered in yogurt till tender, then fried)[3]
  • Daniwal korma (a mutton curry with coriander)
  • Waza palak (green spinach cooked with small mutton balls known as paliki riste)
  • Aab gosh (lamb cooked in milk curry)[3]
  • Marchwangan korma (an extremely spicy lamb dish)
  • Kabab (minced meat roasted on skewers over hot coals)[4]
  • Gushtaba (a velvety textured meatball in white yogurt gravy)[2][3][4]
  • Yakh'n (delicately spiced yogurt curry)[2]
  • Ruwangan chhaman (cheese (paneer) squares with tomato gravy)
  • Dum aelva (potatoes cooked in yogurt gravy)
  • Dum aloo[4]
  • Gand aanchaar (chopped onions mixed with chilies, salt, yogurt and spices)
  • Muji chetin or mooli akhrot chutney (radish and walnut chutney)[2]
  • Phirni (a milk pudding thickened with semolina or ground rice, flavored with cardamom and optionally saffron, set in individual bowls with slivered nuts and silver leaf)[2][3][4][5]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Wazwan Information".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Wazwan Menu". The Manor Delhi. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Wonders of the Wazwan". The Hindu. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Gupta, Namita (2 June 2016). "Wazwan from the valley". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Dish List".

Further reading[edit]