We Tripantu

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Wiñoy Tripantu is the Mapuche celebration of the return of the sun[1] and is sometimes called the Mapuche New Year[2]. It takes place on the June solstice (the Winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere), the shortest day of the year in the indigenous home of the Mapuche people. Frequently, We Tripantu (Mapudungun tr: new year) is used as a synonym for Wiñoy Tripantu[2][3], but some speakers of the Mapuche language Mapudungun use We Tripantu to refer to the New Year of the Gregorian calendar (January 1) and Wiñoy Tripantu for the celebration of the June solstice[1].

Many variations of the term Wiñoy Tripantu exist, such as Wiñol xipantu[1][2], Wvñol xipantu[2], Wiñol Txipantu[1] and Wüñoy Tripantü[3].

It is the Mapuche equivalent to the Inti Raymi. The Pachamama (Quechua tr: Mother Earth), Nuke Mapu (uke' Mapu) begins to bloom fertilized by Sol, from the Andean heights to the southern tip. Antü (mapuche), Inti (Aymara), or Rapa (rapanui) Sol, the sun starts to come back to earth, after the longest night of the year; it's winter Solstice. Everything starts to bloom again.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d García-Huidobro, Luis, S.J.; Painiqueo Tragnolao, Sofía (June 2005). "¿We Tripantu o San Juan?: Sofía Paniqueo Tragnolao: Hay contradicciones que marcan identidad" (PDF). Revista Mensaje. 54: 28–31.
  2. ^ a b c d "Celebración del "Wiñol xipantu": Inicio de un nuevo ciclo de la naturaleza". (Beca de investigación). Informe final 2003. Centro de Comunicaciones Mapuce. Jvfken Mapu. Ramón Curivil.
  3. ^ a b Loncon Antileo, Elisa (2012). «Wüñoy Tripantü. El regreso del sol para iniciar un nuevo ciclo con la Naturaleza». Departamento de Educación. Facultad de Humanidades. Universidad de Santiago de Chile. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Visited 23 June 2018.
  4. ^ Pascual Coña: Memorias de un cacique mapuche. Santiago (Chile): Instituto de Investigación en Reforma Agraria (2.ª edición), abril de 1973.