Weather god

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Jupiter, king of gods and weather god in ancient Rome

A weather god is a deity in mythology associated with weather phenomena such as thunder, lightning, rain and wind. They feature commonly in polytheistic religions, frequently as the head of the pantheon.

Storm gods are conceived of as wielding thunder and lightning. They are typically male, powerful and irascible rulers. Notable examples include the Indo-European deities derived from the Proto-Indo-European Dyeus,[1]

The Indo-European storm god is sometimes imagined as distinct from the ruling sky god. In these cases, he has names separate from the Dyeus etymon, either Perkwunos[2] or Taran.[3]

Storm gods[edit]

  • Theispas, also known as Teisheba or Teišeba, of Kumenu was the Araratian (Urartian) weather-god of storms and thunder (and sometimes a god of war).
  • Adad Assyrian storm god.
  • Teshub, Hurrian storm god.
  • Thor Norse god of thunder and war.
  • Rán Norse goddess of the sea and storms.
  • Set: Egyptian god of desert, storms, evil and chaos.
  • Horus: Egyptian god of the sky, the sun, the moon, the weather, war, hunting and pharaohs.
  • Poseidon: Greek god of the ocean, earthquakes, storms, rivers, water and horses.
  • Zeus: Greek god of the sky, weather, rain, thunderstorms, lightning and air.
  • Indra: Hindu god of heavens, thunderstorms, rain and war.
  • Tlaloc: Aztec god of rain, thunder and earthquakes.
  • Tāwhirimātea: Maori god of weather, lightning, thunderstorms, clouds and winds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Indo-European *Deiwos and Related Words" by Grace Sturtevant Hopkins, Language Dissertations number XII, December 1932 (supplement to Language, journal of the Linguistic Society of America).
  2. ^ Simek (2007:332)
  3. ^ Paul-Marie Duval. 2002. Les Dieux de la Gaule. Paris, Éditions Payot.

See also[edit]