Weatherford, Oklahoma

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Weatherford, Oklahoma
City
Weatherford, Oklahoma is located in Oklahoma
Weatherford, Oklahoma
Weatherford, Oklahoma
Location in Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°32′18″N 98°41′14″W / 35.5384097°N 98.6872467°W / 35.5384097; -98.6872467Coordinates: 35°32′18″N 98°41′14″W / 35.5384097°N 98.6872467°W / 35.5384097; -98.6872467
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Custer
Government
 • Mayor Mike Brown[1]
Area
 • Total 6.44 sq mi (16.69 km2)
 • Land 6.44 sq mi (16.69 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[2] 1,634 ft (498 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 10,833
 • Density 1,700/sq mi (650/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73096[4]
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-79450[5]
GNIS feature ID 1099451[6]
Website www.cityofweatherford.com

Weatherford is a city in Custer County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 10,833 at the 2010 census.[3]

Geography[edit]

Weatherford is located at 35°32′18″N 98°41′14″W / 35.53833°N 98.68722°W / 35.53833; -98.68722 (35.5384097, -98.6872467). The elevation is 1,634 feet (498 m).[2] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.8 square miles (15 km2).[citation needed]

History[edit]

Situated on land made available to homesteaders as part of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Opening on April 19, 1892, Weatherford was incorporated on August 3, 1898, on a townsite location chosen by banking and civic leader Beeks Erick. By 1900, the town's population was 1,017. The town's original post office was located approximately two miles north of town, on William John and Lorinda Powell Weatherford's homestead. Lorinda Weatherford served as its postmaster and namesake. In its early years, farming and ranching provided the major economic base, with corn, cotton, and maize the major crops. Additionally, a brick plant, a cement plant, and a broom factory provided jobs as well as supplies for early residents.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,017
1910 2,118 108.3%
1920 1,929 −8.9%
1930 2,417 25.3%
1940 2,504 3.6%
1950 3,529 40.9%
1960 4,499 27.5%
1970 7,959 76.9%
1980 9,640 21.1%
1990 10,124 5.0%
2000 9,859 −2.6%
2010 10,833 9.9%
Est. 2015 12,126 [8] 11.9%
Sources:[5][9][10][11][12][13]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 9,859 people, 3,991 households, and 2,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,699.3 people per square mile (656.3/km²). There were 4,468 housing units at an average density of 770.1 per square mile (297.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.16% White, 1.95% African American, 4.97% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.30% of the population.

There were 3,991 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.2% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 32.1% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,908, and the median income for a family was $41,401. Males had a median income of $29,683 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,046. About 11.8% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Weatherford is the home of a Kodak manufacturing plant as well as a hub for multiple oil and natural gas industry leaders.

The 3M Company made a significant economic impact on the city when the firm decided to establish a plant in Oklahoma in the 1960s, until it was closed by its successor company, Imation, after 45 years of operation.[14]

Attractions[edit]

The 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m2) Stafford Air & Space Museum is home to spacecraft, an actual Titan II missile, WWII V-2 rocket, MiG 21, Saturn V F-1 engine as well as flown space suits, flight equipment, space shuttle engines, and a moon rock. Weatherford is the hometown of astronaut Thomas P. Stafford, veteran of four space flights and commander of the Gemini 9, Apollo 10 missions and the Apollo-Soyuz project. The museum is located at the Thomas P. Stafford Airport. Weatherford also has another museum called The Heartland Museum.

Education[edit]

At the turn of the 20th century, Weatherford beat out several other cities vying to become the home to Southwestern Oklahoma State University (SWOSU), at the time known as Southwestern Normal School.[7] Founded in 1901, SWOSU became the largest institute of higher education in Western Oklahoma, with more than 4,200 undergraduates and post graduates by 2015. SWOSU is placed in Tier 2 of the "Regional Universities (West)" category in the 2016 edition of the U.S. News & World Report Education Rankings and offers associate, bachelor's, master's and professional doctorate degree programs. It is one of two universities in the state that feature an accredited school of pharmacy.[15][16]

Parochial schools in the area include ACSI accredited Western Oklahoma Christian School, which has campuses in Weatherford, as well as nearby Clinton and Elk City, serving grades pre-kindergarten through six.[17] Corn Bible Academy, located in the Washita County town of Corn, serves students in grades seven through twelve.[18]

Weatherford Public Schools provides public education services to the city of Weatherford as well as surrounding rural areas in southeastern Custer and northeastern Washita counties. The district operates three elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school.[19]

Western Technology Center (WTC) provides the opportunity for adults and high school students to get occupationally-specific training. Weatherford Public Schools is a member of the WTC district. As a member of the WTC district, high school juniors and seniors living in the Weatherford School District have the opportunity to attend classes at WTC.[20] High school students who are residents of the WTC District can enroll in WTC full-time training on a tuition-free basis. Adult students are allowed to attend classes on a tuition basis.[citation needed]

Information[edit]

Wind turbine blade on display in Weatherford
Wind power promotional poster near the blade display

Weatherford is home to the second-largest (as of 2008) wind farm in Oklahoma, the Weatherford Wind Energy Center, with 98 GE 1.5 MW Wind Turbines, for a total nameplate capacity of 147 MW.[21]

Transportation[edit]

Weatherford was for many years on a main line of the now defunct Rock Island Railroad, which is still in operation by a different owner. With the advent of the automobile, the city was initially located on State Highway 3 starting in the early 1920s, which was redesignated as U.S. Route 66 in 1926 and paved entirely across Western Oklahoma by 1932. Route 66, which followed Main Street through the city, was lined with various tourist businesses including cafes, motels and gasoline stations like most other cities along the highway. Several blocks of Main Street were also paved in brick until the mid-1950s when it was widened to a four-lane thoroughfare. Interstate 40 was completed east and west of the city in 1960 generally paralleling the old U.S. 66 alignment, which was retained as frontage road. The I-40 bypass skirting Weatherford to the south was completed in July, 1970 the same day the I-40 bypass was opened to traffic 15 miles (24 km) to the west at Clinton and followed shortly thereafter by bypasses at Elk City and Sayre. In addition to Route 66 and I-40, Weatheford is also served by north-south State Highway 54.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://cityofweatherford.com/?page_id=5815
  2. ^ a b "Feature Detail Report for: City of Weatherford". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey (U.S.G.S.). Retrieved April 29, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 29, 2016. 
  4. ^ United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ a b "Weatherford, Oklahoma". The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved May 25, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Population-Oklahoma" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Population-Oklahoma" (PDF). 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  14. ^ Oklahoma's Quality Jobs Program: Corporate Incentive Or Payoff?
  15. ^ "Southwestern Oklahoma State University". U.S. News & World Report Education Rankings & Advice. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved May 25, 2016. 
  16. ^ List of pharmacy schools#Oklahoma
  17. ^ "Western Oklahoma Christian School - Locations". Western Oklahoma Christian School. Western Oklahoma Christian School. Retrieved May 25, 2016. 
  18. ^ Vogt, JW; Steiner, Sam (July 2008). "Corn Bible Academy (Corn, Oklahoma, USA)". Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. GAMEO. Retrieved May 25, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Weatherford Public Schools - Home". Weatherford Public Schools. Weatherford Public Schools. Retrieved May 25, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Western Technology Center - About". Western Technology Center. Western Technology Center. Retrieved May 25, 2016. 
  21. ^ "U.S. Wind Energy Projects - Oklahoma". American Wind Energy Association. 2008-11-19. Archived from the original on December 31, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-18. 

External links[edit]