Location of Weatherford, Oklahoma
|• Total||6.442306 sq mi (16.685496 km2)|
|• Land||6.442306 sq mi (16.685496 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,654 ft (504 m)|
|• Density||1,700/sq mi (650/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1099451|
The town was incorporated on August 3, 1898, and the population stood at 1,017 in 1900. Farming and ranching provided the major economic base, with corn, cotton, and maize the major crops. A brick plant, a cement plant, and a broom factory provided jobs and supplies for early residents. The 3M Company made a significant impact on the city when the firm decided to establish a plant in Oklahoma in the 1960s.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,859 people, 3,991 households, and 2,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,699.3 people per square mile (656.3/km²). There were 4,468 housing units at an average density of 770.1 per square mile (297.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.16% White, 1.95% African American, 4.97% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.30% of the population.
There were 3,991 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.2% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 32.1% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,908, and the median income for a family was $41,401. Males had a median income of $29,683 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,046. About 11.8% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.
Weatherford is the home of a Kodak manufacturing plant as well as a hub for multiple oil and natural gas industry leaders.
The 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m2) Stafford Air & Space Museum is home to spacecraft, an actual Titan II missile, WWII V-2 rocket, MiG 21, Saturn V F-1 engine as well as flown space suits, flight equipment, space shuttle engines, and a moon rock. Weatherford is the hometown of astronaut Thomas P. Stafford, veteran of four space flights and commander of the Gemini 9, Apollo 10 missions and the Apollo-Soyuz project. The museum is located at the Thomas P. Stafford Airport. Weatherford also has another museum called The Heartland Museum.
Southwestern Oklahoma State University is the largest institute of higher education in Western Oklahoma, with more than 4,500 undergraduates and post graduates. The University was founded in 1903. SWOSU is placed at Tier 1 in the category "Regional Universities (West)" in the 2011 U.S. News & World Report. SWOSU offers 15 accredited degree courses and is one of two universities in the state that feature an accredited school of pharmacy.
Weatherford Public Schools provides public education services to the city of Weatherford as well as surrounding rural areas in southeastern Custer and northeastern Washita counties. The district operates three elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school.
Private schools in the area include Western Oklahoma Christian School in nearby Clinton, serving grades pre-kindergarten through six and Corn Bible Academy in the Washita County town of Corn that serves students in grades seven through twelve.
Western Technology Center provides the opportunity for adults and high school students to get occupationally-specific training. Weatherford Public Schools is a member of the WTC district. As a member of the WTC district, high school juniors and seniors living in the Weatherford School District have the opportunity to attend classes at the WTC campus in Burns Flat. High school students who are residents of the WTC District can enroll in WTC full-time training on a tuition-free basis. Adult students are allowed to attend classes on a tuition basis. Tuition for adult students is $2.00 per training hour. Adult students can apply for financial assistance to attend WTC.
Weatherford was for many years on a main line of the now defunct Rock Island Railroad, which is still in operation by a different owner. With the advent of the automobile, the city was initially located on State Highway 3 starting in the early 1920s, which was redesignated as U.S. Route 66 in 1926 and paved entirely across Western Oklahoma by 1932. Route 66, which followed Main Street through the city, was lined with various tourist businesses including cafes, motels and gasoline stations like most other cities along the highway. Several blocks of Main Street were also paved in brick until the mid-1950s when it was widened to a four-lane thoroughfare. Interstate 40 was completed east and west of the city in 1960 generally paralleling the old U.S. 66 alignment, which was retained as frontage road. The I-40 bypass skirting Weatherford to the south was completed in July, 1970 the same day the I-40 bypass was opened to traffic 15 miles (24 km) to the west at Clinton and followed shortly thereafter by bypasses at Elk City and Sayre. In addition to Route 66 and I-40, Weatheford is also served by north-south State Highway 54.
- Jeff Banister - Manager of the Texas Rangers (baseball)
- Paul D. Eaton - U.S. Army Major General (retired), former commanding general in Iraq
- Braden Looper - Major League Baseball pitcher
- Wes Sims - Professional Football Player
- Thomas P. Stafford - Astronaut
- Stanley Vestal - Author of the American Old West
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