Slide show

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A slide show

A slide show is a presentation of a series of still images on a projection screen or electronic display device, typically in a prearranged sequence. The changes may be automatic and at regular intervals or they may be manually controlled by a presenter or the viewer. Slide shows originally consisted of a series of individual photographic slides projected onto a screen with a slide projector. When referring to the video or computer-based visual equivalent, in which the slides are not individual physical objects, the term is often written as one word, slideshow.[citation needed]

A slide show may be a presentation of images purely for their own visual interest or artistic value, sometimes unaccompanied by description or text, or it may be used to clarify or reinforce information, ideas, comments, solutions or suggestions which are presented verbally. Slide shows are sometimes still conducted by a presenter using an apparatus such as a carousel slide projector or an overhead projector, but now the use of an electronic video display device and a computer running presentation software is typical.


Slide shows had their beginnings in the 1600s, when hand-painted images on glass were first projected onto a wall with a "magic lantern". By the late 1700s, showmen were using magic lanterns to thrill audiences with seemingly supernatural apparitions in a popular form of entertainment called a phantasmagoria. Sunlight, candles and oil lamps were the only available light sources. The development of new, much brighter artificial light sources opened up a world of practical applications for image projection. In the 1800s, a series of hand-painted glass "lantern slides" was sometimes projected to illustrate story-telling or a lecture. Widespread and varied uses for amusement and education evolved throughout the century. By 1900, photographic images on glass had replaced hand-painted images, but the black-and-white photographs were sometimes hand-colored with transparent dyes. The production of lantern slides had become a considerable industry, with dimensions standardized at 3.25 inches high by 4 inches wide in the US and 3.25 inches square in the UK and much of Europe.

"Magic lantern shows" also served as a form of home entertainment and were especially popular with children. They continued to have a place among commercial public amusements even after the coming of projected "moving pictures". Between films, early movie theaters often featured "illustrated songs", which were community sing-alongs with the lyrics and illustrations provided by a series of projected lantern slides. Theaters also used their lanterns to project advertising slides and messages such as "Ladies, kindly remove your hats".

After 35 mm Kodachrome color film was introduced in 1936, a new standard 2×2 inch (5×5 cm) miniature lantern slide format was created to better suit the very small transparencies the film produced. In advertising, the antique "magic lantern" terminology was streamlined, so that the framed pieces of film were simply "slides" and the lantern used to project them was a "slide projector".

Home slide shows were a relatively common phenomenon in middle-class American homes during the 1950s and 1960s. If there was an enthusiast in the family, any visit from relatives or the arrival of a new batch of Kodachrome slides from the film processing service provided an excuse to bring out the entire collection of 35 mm slides, set up the slide projector and the screen, turn out the lights, then test the endurance of the assembled audience with a marathon of old vacation photos and pictures taken at weddings, birthdays and other family events, all accompanied by live commentary.

An image on 35 mm film mounted in a 2×2 inch (5×5 cm) metal, card or plastic frame is still by far the most common photographic slide format.


A well-organized slide show allows a presenter to fit visual images to an oral presentation. The old adage "A picture is worth a thousand words" holds true, in that a single image can save a presenter from speaking a paragraph of descriptive details. As with any public speaking or lecturing, a certain amount of talent, experience, and rehearsal is required to make a successful slide show presentation.

Presentation software is most commonly used in the business world, where millions of presentations are created daily.[citation needed] Another very important area where it is used is for instructional purposes, usually with the intention of creating a dynamic, audiovisual presentation. The relevant points to the entire presentation are put on slides, and accompany a spoken monologue.

Slide shows have artistic uses as well, such as being used as a screensaver, or to provide dynamic imagery for a museum presentation, for example, or in installation art. David Byrne, among others, has created PowerPoint art.

In art[edit]

Since the late 1960s, visual artists have used slide shows in museums and galleries as a device, either for presenting specific information about an action or research or as a phenomenological form in itself. According to the introduction of Slide Show, an exhibition organized at the Baltimore Museum of Art: “Through the simple technology of the slide projector and 35 mm color transparency, artists discovered a tool that enabled the transformation of space through the magnification of projected pictures, texts, and images.” Although some artists have not necessarily used 35 mm or color slides, and some, such as Robert Barry, have even abandoned images for texts, 35 mm color film slides are most commonly used. The images are sometimes accompanied by written text, either in the same slide or as an intertitle. Some artists, such as James Coleman and Robert Smithson, have used a voice-over with their slide presentations.

Slide shows have also been used by artists who use other media such as painting and sculpture to present their work publicly. In recent years there has been a growing use of the slide show by a younger generation of artists. The non-profit organization Slideluck Potshow holds slide show events globally, featuring works by amateur and professional artists, photographers, and gallerists. Participants in the event bring food, potluck style, and have a social dinner before the slide show begins.

Other known artists who have used slide shows in their work include Bas Jan Ader, Francis Alys, Jan Dibbets, Dan Graham, Rodney Graham, Nan Goldin, Louise Lawler, Ana Mendieta, Jonathan Monk, Dennis Oppenheim, Allan Sekula, Carey Young and Krzysztof Wodiczko.


Slide show in Xubuntu 16.04

Digital photo slideshows can be custom-made for clients from their photos, music, wedding invitations, birth announcements, or virtually any other scannable documents. Some producers call the resulting DVDs the new photomontage. Slideshows can be created not only on DVD, but also in HD video formats and as executable computer files. Photo slideshow software has made it easy to create electronic digital slideshows, eliminating the need for expensive color reversal film and requiring only a digital camera and computer.

Photo slideshow software often provides more options than simply showing the pictures. It is possible to add transitions, pan and zoom effects, video clips, background music, narration, captions, etc. By using computer software one therefore has the ability to enhance the presentation in a way that is not otherwise practical. The finished slideshow can then be burned to a DVD, for use as a gift or for archiving, and later viewed using an ordinary DVD player.

Web-based slideshow[edit]

A Web-based slideshow is a slide show which can be played (viewed or presented) using a web browser. Some web based slide shows are generated from presentation software and may be difficult to change (usually unintentionally so). Others offer templates allowing the slide show to be easily edited and changed.

Compared to a fully fledged presentation program the web based slide shows are usually limited in features.

A web-based slide show is typically generated to or authored in HTML, JavaScript and CSS code (files).

List of web-based slide shows engines [edit]

  • Audience:[1] WYSIWYG HTML5, CSS3 and JavaScript slideshow tool that focuses on content control
  • Bespoke.js:[2][3] lightweight web presentation framework with plugin support.
  • Better Simple Slideshow[4]
  • CSSS:[5] CSS-based SlideShow System.
  • deck.js:[6] a modular and customizable HTML5 and CSS3 slideshow, licensed under the MIT license
  • Drupal Slideshow:[7] can embed slideshows into Drupal.
  • DZSlides:[8] HTML5 and CSS3 slideshow
  • Eagle.js:[9] a hackable slideshow framework built with Vue.js
  • GitPitch:[10] The Markdown Presentation Service for everyone on GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket.
  • Google I/O HTML5 slide template:[11] licensed under the Apache License 2.0.
  • HTML Slidy:[12] tool from W3C for creating slideshows using HTML
  • Html-slideshow:[13] uses HTML and JavaScript to display slides.
  • HTML5 Rocks[14]
  • HTML5 Slides:[15] a slideshow template by Google using HTML5 and CSS3 features.
  • Impress.js:[16] HTML5 and CSS3 slideshow, licensed under the MIT license
  • Inertia.js:[17] HTML5, CSS3 and JavaScript Slideshow that offers multiple transitions and zoom effects.
  • jQuery-Presentation:[18] jQuery-based slideshow system
  • Landslide[19] and its fork Darkdslide:[20] generates HTML5 slides from MarkDown and reST (reStructuredText) formats.
  • Mentimeter:[21] interactive software that uses HTML and JavaScript.
  • PINP:[22] PINP IS NOT PPT, freeware, based on HTML5/CSS3.
  • Presentation:[23][24] XHTML and CSS3 based system which supports including multiple slide decks and portable compiled files. (BSD License)
  • Presentista:[25] features a WYSIWYG content editor and a zooming user interface.
  • PreZentit:[26] Collaborative presentation web app released in July 2007.
  • Reveal.js:[27] HTML5 and CSS3 slideshow, licensed under the MIT license.
  • CloudPoint:[28] HTML5 and CSS3 based slideshow system
  • Shower:[29] licensed under the MIT license.
  • ShowOff:[30] server-based HTML5 slideshow
  • Simplebooklet:[31] generates hosted embeddable HTML5 slideshows using a WYSIWYG editor or imported from PDF.
  • Slidifier:[32] generates slideshows from plain text source.
  • SlideWiki - supports SVG and LaTeX/MathML.
  • Squeenote:[33] server-based presentation options with support for synchronized presentation on multiple clients.
  • Stack:[34] presentation library with scroll-based navigation.
  • TiddlySlidy:[35] adds presentations to TiddlyWiki
  • Moovly:[36] Presentation software and platform

S5-based slideshows[edit]

S5 (Simple Standards-Based Slide Show System) is an XHTML-based file format for defining slideshows.

  • Diascope,[37] somewhat compatible with S5, inspired by s5-reloaded, uses SASS.
  • Django S5[38]
  • DokuWiki S5,[39] converts Wiki markup to S5 format in DokuWiki.
  • Dokuwiki S5 Reloaded.[40]
  • Drupal S5[41]
  • Gnome-S5[42]
  • jQuery.s5,[43] plugin for jQuery to support S5
  • Plone S5,[44] adds S5 support to Plone
  • Pod::S5,[45] converts Perl POD format to S5
  • Rst2S5,[46] uses reST (reStructuredText) to generate S5 presentations.
  • Slideshow (S9),[47] supports S5, S6, Slidy, Google HTML5 Rocks, and other templates.
  • slideous,[48] HTML-based presentation tool, inspired by S5 and Html Slidy
  • Slimey[49]
  • slippy[50] is S5 compatible project with PDF export feature.
  • spod5,[51] converts Perl POD (Plain Old Documentation) format to S5
  • S5 Reloaded,[52] an extended version of S5.
  • S6 Project[53]
  • Tiki Wiki S5,[54] adds S5 support to TikiWiki
  • Zim, a desktop wiki has built-in support for exporting to S5[55]

Flash-based Slideshow[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ audience. "audience - making every presentation a success".
  2. ^ "Bespoke.js".
  3. ^ "DIY Presentations with Bespoke.js".
  4. ^ "leemark/better-simple-slideshow". GitHub.
  5. ^ "LeaVerou/csss". GitHub.
  6. ^ "imakewebthings/deck.js". GitHub.
  7. ^ "Cincopa Drupal Slideshow".
  8. ^ "paulrouget/dzslides". GitHub.
  9. ^ "zulko/eagle.js/". GitHub.
  10. ^ "GitPitch - The Markdown Presentation Service on Git".
  11. ^ "io-2012-slides - HTML5 slide template for Google I/O 2012 - Google Project Hosting".
  12. ^ "HTML Slidy".
  13. ^ "robflaherty/html-slideshow". GitHub.
  14. ^ Archived from the original on May 21, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ "html5slides - A Google HTML5 slide template - Google Project Hosting".
  16. ^ Bartek Szopka. "impress.js - presentation tool based on the power of CSS3 transforms and transitions in modern browsers - by Bartek Szopka @bartaz".
  17. ^ "hellgorithm/inertia.js". GitHub.
  18. ^ "davist11/jQuery-Presentation". GitHub.
  19. ^ "adamzap/landslide". GitHub.
  20. ^ "ionelmc/python-darkslide". GitHub.
  21. ^ "Interactive presentation software". Mentimeter. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
  22. ^ "Html5 Presentation - PINP official site".
  23. ^ Matthew Wronka - Projects - Presentation
  24. ^ "Presentation".
  25. ^ "Presentista - Presentations Remixed".
  26. ^ "PreZentit".
  27. ^ Hakim El Hattab. "reveal.js - The HTML Presentation Framework".
  28. ^ "CloudPoint Help Page".
  29. ^ "shower/shower". GitHub.
  30. ^ "puppetlabs/showoff". GitHub.
  31. ^ "simplebooklet".
  32. ^ "Slidifier".
  33. ^ "danski/Squeenote". GitHub.
  34. ^
  35. ^ "~TiddlySlidy - a TiddlyWiki for creating and presenting Slideshows".
  36. ^ "Moovly".
  37. ^ "minad/diascope". GitHub.
  38. ^ "myles/django-s5". GitHub.
  39. ^ "plugin:s5 [DokuWiki]".
  40. ^ "plugin:s5reloaded [DokuWiki]".
  41. ^ "S5 presentation player". 11 September 2006.
  42. ^ "CodeGnome/s5". GitHub.
  43. ^ "Project jQuery.s5".
  44. ^ "Plone S5".
  45. ^ T. Linden. "Pod::S5 - Generate S5 slideshow from POD source. -".
  46. ^ "Easy Slide Shows With reST & S5". 30 March 2006.
  47. ^ "Welcome".
  48. ^ Stefan Gössner (13 November 2005). "Slideous".
  49. ^
  50. ^ "Seldaek/slippy". GitHub.
  51. ^ Matt Sergeant. "spod5 - Displays spod5 (pod to s5) presentations -".
  52. ^ "S5 Reloaded".
  53. ^ "slidekit/s6". GitHub.
  54. ^ Tiki Community. "JQS5 - Documentation for Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware".
  55. ^ "Zim - a desktop wiki". Retrieved 2019-06-30.