Webb County, Texas

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Webb County
County of Webb
Webb County Courthouse in Laredo
Official seal of Webb County
Interactive map of Webb County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Country United States
State Texas
EstablishedJanuary 28, 1848
OrganizedMarch 16, 1848
Named forJames Webb
County seatLaredo
Largest cityLaredo
 • Total3,375 sq mi (8,740 km2)
 • Land3,361 sq mi (8,700 km2)
 • Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  0.4%
 • Estimate 
 • Density82/sq mi (32/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Area code956
FIPS code48479
GNIS feature ID1384025
The Texas tourism travel station is located at the intersection of Interstate 35 and U.S. Route 83 north of Laredo.
Typical Webb County ranch road north of Texas State Highway 359 (2012)

Webb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 250,304.[1] Its county seat is Laredo.[2] The county was named after James Webb (1792–1856), who served as secretary of the treasury, secretary of state, and attorney general of the Republic of Texas, and later judge of the United States District Court following the admission of Texas to statehood. By area, Webb County is the largest county in South Texas and the sixth-largest in the state. Webb County includes the Laredo metropolitan area. Webb County is the only county in the United States to border three foreign states or provinces, sharing borders with Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas.


Webb County was split in 1856. Encinal County was established on February 1, 1856, and was to have consisted of the eastern portion of Webb County. However, Encinal County was never organized and was finally dissolved on March 12, 1899, with its territory returned as part of Webb County.

Much of Webb County history is based on the prevalence of ranching in the 19th century and continuing thereafter. The Webb County Heritage Foundation is a nonprofit organization that seeks to preserve documents and artifacts of the past to guarantee that the regional history is not lost to upcoming generations. In 2015, the foundation, headed by President James E. Moore, presented Heritage Awards to such local notables as the artist Janet Krueger, journalist Maria Eugenia Guerra, and Laredo Community College art instructor Martha F. Fenstermaker (1943-2014).[3]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,376 square miles (8,740 km2), of which 3,361 square miles (8,700 km2) are land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (0.4%) are covered by covered by water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

The Webb County - City of Laredo Regional Mobility Authority has responsibility for a comprehensive transport system in the region.

Adjacent counties and municipalities[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)276,652[5]10.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1850–2010[7] 2010–2019[1]

2015 Texas Population Estimate Program[edit]

As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 273,536. The racial makeup of the county was 99.8% White and 0.2% Black or African American. The ethnic makeup of the county was non-Hispanic whites 8,699 (3.2%), Black Americans 552 (0.2%), and other non-Hispanic 2,134 (0.8%). Hispanics and Latinos (of any race) 262,151 (95.8%).[8]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, 193,117 people, 50,740 households, and 43,433 families resided in the county. The county gained 57,000 additional residents between 2000 and 2010. The population density was 58 people/sq mi (22/km2). The 55,206 housing units averaged 16/sq mi (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.16% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 14.02% from other races, and 2.54% from two or more races. About 94% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 50,740 households, 53.20% had children under 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 18.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.40% were not families; 12.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.75, and the average family size was 4.10.

In the county, the age distribution was 36.20% under 18, 11.40% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 15.60% from 45 to 64, and 7.60% who were 65 or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,100, and for a family was $29,394. Males had a median income of $23,618 versus $19,018 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,759. About 26.70% of families and 31.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.40% of those under age 18 and 26.90% of those age 65 or over.


Like all Texas counties, Webb County is governed by four part-time county commissioners paid $76,220 annually and elected by single-member districts of equivalent population, and a county-wide county judge, who is the full-time administrator of the county. County judge Danny Valdez left the position after two terms on December 31, 2014, and was succeeded by Tano Tijerina, a former professional baseball player and local businessman. Valdez narrowly defeated Tijerina in 2010,[10] but Tijerina rebounded with a 65 to 35% victory over Valdez in the Democratic primary election held on March 4, 2014.[11]

The private prison operator GEO Group runs the Rio Grande Detention Center in Webb County, which opened in 2008, and holds a maximum of 1900 federal detainees.[12]

On March 27, 2017, the Laredo attorney Victor G. Villarreal was named judge of Position 2 of the Webb County Court at Law. He succeeds Jesus "Chuy" Garza, a popular veteran judge who resigned after indictment on an influence peddling charge. The commissioners interviewed six candidates for the position before deciding on Villarreal.[13] Meanwhile, jury selection for Garza's trial was scheduled to begin on October 2, 2017. The indictment alleged that Garza in 2015 sought a $3,000 loan from Shirley Mathis on behalf of Christopher Casarez, a coordinator in Garza's court. Casarez committed suicide in December 2016, the day before being scheduled to meet with authorities about the probe into the Garza case.[14]

On April 26, 2017, the Federal Bureau of Investigation conducted raids on municipal and county offices in Laredo to seek information in an undisclosed public corruption probe. Mayor Pete Saenz called the raids "embarrassing", but welcomed the investigation to halt any corruption that may be uncovered. A raid was conducted on Dannenbaum Engineering Company, a firm that holds large contracts in Laredo, San Antonio, and other Texas cities. Webb County Judge Tano Tijerina, who like Saenz indicated that he does not know the details of the matter, said that local officials would be standing for "justice, transparency and truth" and would cooperate fully with the FBI in the probes. County Commissioner John Galo said he was not surprised at the developments, which essentially closed off Laredo City Hall for the day: "Corruption in Webb County has been going on for too long," Galo added.[15]


Precinct 1[edit]

This seat will have changed hands four times in four years when the new commissioner takes office on January 1, 2017. Democratic voters in Precinct 1 named Jesse Gonzalez the new commissioner in the runoff election held on May 24, 2016. Gonzalez polled 2,330 votes (50.5%) to Esteban Rangel's 2,284 (49.5%).[16] Rangel called for a recount of the tabulation.[17] No Republican filed for the seat in heavily Democratic south Webb County.

Francisco J. "Frank" Sciaraffa (born 1972), the departing commissioner, had been returned to the body in a special election held on November 4, 2014, in conjunction with the regular general elections held across Texas and the nation. He succeeded Linda Ramirez, an interim appointee who had been selected by presiding Judge David Peeples, a Republican member of the Texas 4th Administrative Judicial Region, a 22-county area in and around San Antonio.[18] Sciaraffa invited Anna Laura Cavazos Ramirez, the former county attorney, to become his administrative aide.[19]

Linda Ramirez had succeeded Mike Montemayor, who resigned on June 20, 2014, after 17 months in office. Montemayor pleaded guilty on June 19, 2014, in a plea bargain to accepting some $11,000 in cash and $2,700 in electronics from a businessman, who unbeknownst to Montemayor, was an undercover agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.[20]

Montemayor defeated Sciaraffa in 2012 and took office on January 1, 2013. He faced a two-count indictment for having solicited and accepted bribes in exchange for promises to perform various official acts for private gain. He allegedly accepted a truck valued at $37,000 in exchange for promising to find government jobs to the owner of the vehicle, as well as the man's wife. The government elected not to proceed with that charge after Montemayor pleaded guilty to the other count against him. Had he been convicted on both counts in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, Montemayor could have faced up to 10 years in prison and fines of $500,000 on both bribery charges.[21] After he posted bail, Montemayor said on Facebook, "there is more to the story, a lot more" than has yet been revealed. Montemayor added that he has "a great team of attorneys", but cannot discuss the specifics of the case in public.[22] Meanwhile, a county resident, Juan Avila, in a public meeting on March 24, called upon the commissioners court to remove Montemayor from office. Under state law, a resident may file a written petition for removal with a district court judge. Avila told the commissioners, "It is true that you're innocent until proven guilty, but when the FBI comes and picks you up, that's a whole different matter."[23]

County attorney Marco Montemayor (no relation to Mike Montemayor), who in 2012 unseated Anna Laura Cavazos Ramirez, proposed that Mike Montemayor be suspended and denied his pay pending a hearing set for July 1 before Judge Peeples in the 49th District Court.[24] Montemayor agreed to accept the suspension and the loss of pay, considering chaotic events which occurred at his most recent commissioners court meeting.[25] Twenty-four applied for the post, including former commissioner Sciaraffa and former County Judge Louis H. Bruni.[26]

In April 2014, prosecutors claimed that Montemayor pocketed thousands of dollars in campaign contributions, accepted all-expense-paid trips, sought to have traffic tickets dismissed in exchange for favors, and lived outside his precinct when he filed for office.[26]

Former County Judge Danny Valdez, who was unseated in 2014, reappointed Linda Ramirez, a United South High School teacher, as interim commissioner. However, the Webb County Democratic Party in early August 2014, in a 9/13 vote of its precinct chairmen, endorsed Sciaraffa to return to the seat that he had held prior to having been unseated in 2012 by Montemayor. Ramirez did not receive a single vote among the precinct chairs.[27]

On November 4, 2014, Sciaraffa defeated his lone opponent, a member of the Green Party. The special election was required under the Texas election code because Ramirez joined the court 137 days prior to the general election. The law would have allowed her to have served through 2015 without facing voters only if her assumption of the position had begun no more than 74 days before the general election.[28]

Meanwhile, Sciaraffa faces mounting legal problems. In 2012, Sara Jo Davila filed suit against Webb County and Sciaraffa after she was removed from her position as a community center director. Davila claimed that she had been forced to perform sexual acts on Sciaraffa to keep her position. In March 2013, Sciaraffa, after having first denied specific sexual encounters with Davila, admitted to contact, but claimed the relations were consensual. Since that time, little court movement occurred in the case.[27] County auditor Leo Flores said that taxpayers have funded nearly $90,000 to defend Sciaraffa in the Davila lawsuit. The fees were paid to the San Antonio firm Goode, Casseb, Jones, Riklin, Cholate, and Watson. Additional amounts beyond the $90,000 are deferred to the county's insurer, Flores said.[29]

On September 23, 2014, Judge Diana Saldaña of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas threw out one of the claims against Sciaraffa, but permitted the other to go to trial. Saldaña said that she found no proof that Sara Jo Davila sustained alleged tangible employment actions because of her rejection of Sciaraffa's sexual advances, but she said Webb County may have failed to take needed precautions to prevent sexual harassment from occurring in the workplace. The judge said that she needs additional detailed information from Davila before she can rule on alleged acts of retaliation by Sciaraffa.[30]

On January 26, 2015, Montemayor was sentenced to 76 months in prison and fined $109,000. Taken into immediate custody upon sentencing, he said that he was "embarrassed by my actions and have been humiliated." He further apologized to the city and county "for going against everything I promised I would do." U.S. District Judge Marina Garcia Marmolejo also ordered Montemayor to undergo treatment for alcohol/drug abuse and to participate in a mental health program.[31]

Precinct 2[edit]

Precinct 2, Rosaura Palacios "Wawi" Tijerina was elected in 2006, 2010, and on March 4, 2014. In her last two Democratic primary contests, she defeated former commissioner Judith Gutierrez. A graduate of the Thurgood Marshall School of Law at Texas Southern University in Houston, Tijerina was from 1998 to 2002 the elected part-time Laredo city judge and from 1989 to 2008 an instructor of criminal justice at Laredo Community College, from which she received an associate degree in 1978. She is also a practicing attorney in Laredo. Her Precinct 2 includes a part of mid-Laredo and also encompasses the largest rural areas of Webb County: Aguilares, Mirando City, Oilton, and Bruni. Tijerina's husband, Omar Tijerina, Sr.,[32] is an uncle of Webb County Judge Tano Tijerina, under whom she will serve beginning on January 1, 2015.

Precinct 3[edit]

Precinct 3, John Clifford Galo, was first elected in 2012 to succeed Jerry Garza, who ran unsuccessfully for the Texas House of Representatives against Tracy King in House District 80 and in 2014 was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Laredo, having been defeated by Pete Saenz. Galo is a former two-term member of the Laredo City Council and an unsuccessful candidate for mayor in the 2006 election; he was defeated by Raúl González Salinas, Saenz's predecessor.[33] In 2014, Salinas lost a bid for Webb County treasurer against the three-term incumbent Delia Perales. Salinas was succeeded on November 12, 2014, as mayor by Pete Saenz, a former member and president of the trustees of Laredo Community College.

Precinct 4[edit]

Precinct 4, Commissioner Cindy Liendo won her bid for Webb County Commissioner Pct. 4 in May 2018. The Honorable Hector Liendo also father of Ms. Cindy Liendo swore in Commissioner Liendo into office on October 18, 2018. Ms. Cindy Liendo previously served as part of the Laredo I.S.D. Board of Trustees for District 2 from November 2016 to August 2018.[citation needed]

Justice of the Peace[edit]

Ricardo Rangel was from 2002 to 2014 the justice of the peace for Precinct 2, Place 2. He won the March 4, 2014, Democratic primary for a fourth term. On September 4, 2014, Rangel pleaded guilty to an extortion charge before U.S. District Judge Diana Saldaña. He has since entered an alcohol rehabilitation unit in Houston.


Webb County is overwhelmingly Democratic and has voted for that party's electors since 1916 (the last Republican being incumbent President William Howard Taft in 1912). Although Texas as a whole voted for Republican nominee John McCain in the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama won 33,435 votes (71%) of the ballots in Webb County. McCain was a distant second in Webb County with 13,111 votes (28%). Obama fared better than Democrat John Kerry had done in 2004. Latinos in Texas gave Obama 63% of their ballots, whereas Kerry had polled 50% among that group in Texas. In Webb County, Kerry received 23,654 (57%) to George W. Bush's 17,753 (42%). Nearly 57,000 registered voters in Webb County did not cast ballots in the 2008 presidential election. In 2012, despite the continuing statewide Republican trend, Webb County rebuffed Mitt Romney and cast an even larger percentage of its vote for President Obama than it had done in 2008. In 2016 Hillary Clinton actually got more votes than Obama had done 4 years earlier, but in percentage terms she lost a little ground to third parties. However, in the 2020 election, the county swung 15.4% in favour of Republican candidate Donald Trump, resulting in the strongest performance for a Republican presidential candidate (as well as the weakest for a Democratic candidate) in the county since 2004. It also resulted in Trump obtaining by far the highest number of raw votes in the county's history for a Republican candidate, and with just 4 votes above double that of what he obtained in the previous 2016 election, whereas Democratic candidate Joe Biden lost 487 votes in comparison to Hillary Clinton in the previous election.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[34]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 37.9% 25,898 61.1% 41,820 1.0% 679
2016 22.5% 12,947 73.5% 42,307 4.0% 2,331
2012 22.5% 11,078 76.4% 37,597 1.1% 521
2008 28.0% 13,119 71.5% 33,452 0.5% 250
2004 42.7% 17,753 56.9% 23,654 0.4% 149
2000 41.4% 13,076 57.4% 18,120 1.2% 375
1996 19.0% 4,712 76.7% 18,997 4.3% 1,068
1992 31.3% 7,789 58.4% 14,509 10.3% 2,568
1988 31.6% 7,528 68.1% 16,227 0.3% 77
1984 41.0% 8,582 58.8% 12,308 0.2% 46
1980 30.8% 5,421 67.4% 11,856 1.8% 316
1976 28.7% 4,222 70.5% 10,362 0.8% 114
1972 41.6% 6,011 58.3% 8,435 0.1% 12
1968 17.8% 2,103 79.7% 9,419 2.6% 304
1964 9.8% 1,094 90.1% 10,073 0.1% 15
1960 15.2% 1,802 84.8% 10,059 0.0% 4
1956 32.0% 2,744 67.9% 5,827 0.2% 16
1952 31.0% 2,784 69.0% 6,208 0.0% 4
1948 17.6% 1,004 80.7% 4,595 1.7% 96
1944 13.9% 776 85.1% 4,742 1.0% 53
1940 15.7% 775 84.2% 4,147 0.1% 4
1936 16.2% 696 83.8% 3,594
1932 13.2% 657 86.5% 4,299 0.3% 13
1928 32.2% 767 67.7% 1,615 0.1% 3
1924 23.9% 429 73.2% 1,313 2.9% 52
1920 41.9% 468 56.7% 633 1.4% 16
1916 41.1% 472 58.9% 676
1912 56.3% 888 41.5% 654 2.2% 35

Webb County also voted in 2008 and 2012 for the Democratic nominees for the United States Senate, State Representative Rick Noriega of Houston, who failed to unseat Republican incumbent John Cornyn, and then Paul Sadler, a former state representative from Henderson, who lost to Republican nominee Ted Cruz for the right to succeed the retiring Kay Bailey Hutchison.

Because of the heavy Democratic allegiance in Webb County, Republicans virtually never offer candidates for county office. In the March 4, 2014, primary, 1,151 (4.6 percent) voted in the Republican primary in Webb County, compared to 23,958 (95.4 percent) in the Democratic contests.[35] Webb County elections administrator Carlos Villarreal reported a 24% turnout in the November 4, 2014, general election in Webb County. County officials have requested that Villarreal develop a plan to increase turnout for 2016. County Democratic Chairman Alberto Torres, Jr., suggested improvements in the election division website with clear maps of voter boundaries. Torres said that such better services might motivate persons to vote regularly.[36]


Three school districts serve Webb County:

Prior to 1994, Webb CISD served only Bruni and Oilton. Mirando City Independent School District served the community of Mirando City from 1923 to 2005. Prior to 1994, all Mirando City children attended Mirando City ISD schools. After the spring of 1994, Mirando City High School closed.[37] Therefore, from the fall of 1994 to July 1, 2005, WCISD served high schoolers from Mirando City, while Mirando Elementary School in the Mirando City ISD served pupils from kindergarten through eighth grade. On May 9, 2005, the Texas Education Agency ordered the closure of Mirando City ISD. The district closed on July 1, 2005, and all students were rezoned to Webb CISD schools.[38]

The private Holding Institute is a former United Methodist boarding school operating as a downtown Laredo community center.



Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gabriel A. Trevino, "Preservation of history", Laredo Morning Times, May 24, 2015, pp. 1, 17A
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  7. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  8. ^ Estimates of the Population by Age, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity for July 1, 2015 for State of Texas (PDF), July 15, 2015, archived (PDF) from the original on May 4, 2017, retrieved June 8, 2017
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ Zach Lindsey, "Webb County Judge: Valdez emerges victorious, Laredo Morning Times, April 14, 2010, p. 1
  11. ^ "Final primary election results released". Laredo Morning Times. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
  12. ^ "Rio Grande Detention Center". GEO Group. Archived from the original on July 22, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
  13. ^ Julia Wallace (March 27, 2017). "Victor Villarreal appointed as Webb County Court judge". Laredo Morning Times. Archived from the original on March 30, 2017. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  14. ^ Taryn Walters (March 30, 2017). "Trial date set for judge accused of soliciting $3K loan: Jury selection to commence on Oct. 2". Laredo Morning Times. Archived from the original on March 31, 2017. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  15. ^ "Laredo mayor calls FBI raids 'embarrassing'". The Laredo Morning Times. April 27, 2017. Archived from the original on April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  16. ^ "Primary runoff election results in Webb County". Laredo Morning Times. May 24, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  17. ^ "Rangel asks for recount in county commissioner race". Laredo Morning Times. May 26, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  18. ^ "Judge picks teacher: Linda Ramirez named temp. Pct. 1 commissioner, Laredo Morning Times, May 3, 2014, p. 1
  19. ^ "New Precinct 1 team: Sciaraffa wants Cavazos Ramirez as aide", Laredo Morning Times, November 24, 2014, p. 1
  20. ^ Philip Balli. "Commissioner Mike Montemayor pleads guilty to bribery". Laredo Morning Times. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  21. ^ Cesar G. Rodriguez, "Montemayor busted: Accused of soliciting and accepting bribes", Laredo Morning Times, March 20, 2014, pp. 1, 8A
  22. ^ Aldo Amato, "Commissioner's Bribery Charges: Speaking Out: Mike Montemayor defends himself on social media after posting bond", Laredo Morning Times, March 21, 2014, p. 1
  23. ^ "Aldo Amato, County resident to petition for commissioner's resignation, March 24, 2014". Laredo Morning Times. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  24. ^ "Suspension hearing date, judge set", Laredo Morning Times, April 10, 2014, p. 1
  25. ^ "Temporary suspension: Montemayor to step aside once appointee named," Laredo Morning Times, April 11, 2014, pp. 1, 16A
  26. ^ a b "Webb County Commissioner Mike Montemayor: More Accusations: New claims linked to bribery charges, [say] prosecutors", Laredo Morning Times, April 27, 2014, pp. 1, 9A
  27. ^ a b Louis San Miguel, "Dems choose Sciaraffa as candidate: He could regain his commissioners seat", Laredo Morning Times, August 5, 2014, pp. 1, 12A
  28. ^ Philip Balli, "New Commissioner: Official: Special election on Election Day for new rep:, Laredo Morning Times, July 14, 2014, pp. 1, 12A
  29. ^ Aldo Amato, "Legal fees adding up: Sexual harassment lawsuit costs taxpayers big bucks", Laredo Morning Times, August 24, 2014, p. 1
  30. ^ Aldo Amato, "Sexual harassment lawsuit: Judge drops 1 claim: Second may proceed to trial", Laredo Morning Times, September 25, 2014, pp. 1, 12A
  31. ^ Philip Balli, "76 months in prison: Mike Montemayor must also pay a $109K fine", Laredo Morning Times, January 27, 2015, pp. 1, 12A
  32. ^ "Biographical History". webbcountytx.gov. Archived from the original on March 20, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  33. ^ Laredo Morning Times, June 18, 2006, p. 1
  34. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  35. ^ "2014 Democratic and Republican Party Primary Election Returns for Webb County". Texas Secretary of State. Archived from the original on March 20, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  36. ^ Kendra Ablaza, "Elections office revamp", Laredo Morning Times, March 27, 2015, pp. 1, 11A
  37. ^ Mirando City, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
  38. ^ Bogan, Jesse. "A school district counts its final days." San Antonio Express-News. May 9, 2005. 01A. Retrieved on April 11, 2009.

Further reading[edit]

  • Lambert, R.B. (2004). Hydrogeology of Webb County, Texas [Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5022]. Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°46′N 99°20′W / 27.77°N 99.33°W / 27.77; -99.33