Wee Kim Wee
Wee Kim Wee
DUT (First Class), GCB
|4th President of Singapore|
2 September 1985 – 1 September 1993
|Prime Minister||Lee Kuan Yew (1959–90)
Goh Chok Tong (1990–2004)
|Preceded by||Devan Nair|
|Succeeded by||Ong Teng Cheong|
|Born||Wee Kim Wee
November 4, 1915
|Died||2 May 2005
|Resting place||Mandai Columbarium|
|Spouse(s)||Koh Sok Hiong|
|Alma mater||Outram School|
|Occupation||Journalist, diplomat, politician|
Wee Kim Wee (simplified Chinese: 黄金辉; traditional Chinese: 黃金輝; pinyin: Huáng Jīnhuī; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ûiⁿ Kim-hui; 4 November 1915 – 2 May 2005), DUT (First Class), GCB, was the fourth President of Singapore. He served from 2 September 1985 to 1 September 1993.
Born in a Peranakan family, Wee was the son of a clerk, Wee Choong Lay, and his wife Chua Lay Hua. He was fluent in Malay but did not speak Mandarin. His father died when he was eight. Wee studied at Raffles Institution.
In 1930, Wee started out as a clerk working for the newspaper The Straits Times, before becoming a reporter focusing on political issues. He eventually became one of the paper's main reporters. In 1941 he joined the United Press Associations, and was its chief correspondent in the 1950s. He returned to The Straits Times in 1959, and was appointed deputy editor in Singapore. In 1963 he was awarded the Public Service Medal. In 1966, he interviewed the former Indonesian president Suharto, reporting the latter's intention to end the three-year confrontation with Malaysia (see Konfrontasi). He broke the news with a front-page headline using Suharto's own words: "Suharto: 'Peace: The sooner the better'". In 1973, he was awarded the Public Service Star as the editorial manager of the Straits Times.
Wee retired in 1973 from journalism to become the High Commissioner to Malaysia, a position he held for seven years. He was then appointed ambassador to Japan in September 1980, and to South Korea in February 1981. At the end of his diplomatic career in 1984, he was appointed chairman of the Singapore Broadcasting Corporation – the predecessor of the current MediaCorp Studios.
Wee became the President of Singapore in 1985, and was also appointed as the Chancellor of National University of Singapore during the same period. Up until Wee's second term as President, the selection of the presidential candidate was determined solely by the Parliament of Singapore. During Wee's second term, the Singapore Parliament amended the constitution in January 1991 to allow for the direct election of the President, who would have the right of veto over civil service appointments and the use of government reserves.
The creation of an elected presidency was a major constitutional and political change in Singapore's history as under the revision, the President is empowered to veto government budgets and appointments to public office. He can examine the government's exercise of its powers under the Internal Security Act and religious harmony laws and investigate cases of corruption.
For the ensuing initial presidential election, the first in Singapore to be decided by popular poll, Wee decided not to enter his candidacy and went into retirement upon the completion of his second and final term as President. He was also awarded the Darjah Utama Temasek in 1993.
Later Years (1994–2004)
After retiring from presidency, Wee was appointed as deputy registrar of marriages. He was then awarded the Doctor of Letters (honorary degree) by the National University of Singapore for his contributions to public service and his contributions to the University of Singapore as its chancellor till 1993.
Wee became the Director of Cathay Organisation Holdings in 1999.
In 2004, Wee published his autobiography, Glimpses and Reflections. From the royalties and other donations, half a million Singapore dollars were donated to eight charities.
Wee died of prostate cancer in his home at Siglap on 2 May 2005 at 5:10am SST at the age of 89. Before his death, he had asked to be cremated and for the ashes to be placed at Mandai Columbarium with those of ordinary citizens instead of Kranji War Cemetery, where late dignitaries are usually buried. His state funeral saw a large crowd who attended to pay their last respects at the Istana.
Wee was survived by his wife of 69 years, Koh Sok Hiong, their son Bill Wee Hock Kee, six daughters, 13 grandchildren, and 14 great-grandchildren.
- "Excerpt of the interview with Suharto". Singapore Press Holdings. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Wee Kim Wee". National Library Board. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Wee Kim Wee". Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "History of the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information". Nanyang Technological University. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Lee Kuan Yew and late president Wee Kim Wee are related". Veritas. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Wee Kim Wee Centre". Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Wee Kim Wee Legacy Fund". Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- Wee Kim Wee (2004), Glimpses and Reflections. Landmark Books, Singapore. ISBN 981-3065-87-7
- On The Record: The Journalistic Legacy of President Wee Kim Wee. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. ISBN 978-981-05-6707-1 and ISBN 981-05-6707-3
- Wee Eng Hwa (2010), "Cooking For The President" - a cookbook of Peranakan recipes from Wee's wife, recorded by his daughter Wee Eng Hwa. The cookbook includes much details of Wee's personal life with photographs.
- Speech by Wee Eng Hwa at the launch of Wee Kim Wee School Of Communication And Information[dead link], 5 December 2006 at The Istana, Singapore.
- Former President Wee Kim Wee dies at the age of 89[dead link], Channel News Asia, 2 May 2005.
|President of Singapore
Ong Teng Cheong