Wee Kim Wee
|Wee Kim Wee|
|4th President of Singapore|
2 September 1985 – 1 September 1993
|Prime Minister||Lee Kuan Yew
Goh Chok Tong
|Preceded by||Yeoh Ghim Seng (Acting President)
Devan Nair (President)
|Succeeded by||Ong Teng Chong|
|Ambassador to the Republic of Korea|
February 1981 – April 1984
|Prime Minister||Lee Kuan Yew|
|Ambassador to Japan|
September 1980 – April 1984
|Prime Minister||Lee Kuan Yew|
|High Commissioner to Malaysia|
1973 – September 1980
|Prime Minister||Lee Kuan Yew|
4 November 1915|
Singapore, Straits Settlements
|Died||2 May 2005
|Resting place||Mandai Columbarium
|Spouse(s)||Koh Sok Hiong (许淑香)|
|Alma mater||Outram School|
|Occupation||Journalist, diplomat, politician|
Wee Kim Wee (simplified Chinese: 黄金辉; traditional Chinese: 黃金輝; pinyin: Huáng Jīn Huī; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ûiⁿ Kim-hui; 4 November 1915 – 2 May 2005), JP, BBM, PJG, KGCB, DK (First Class), DUT (First Class), was a Singaporean politician who served as the fourth President of Singapore. He worked as a journalist from 1945 to 1973 before he was offered the post of High Commissioner of Singapore to Malaysia by the government. He then served as Ambassador to Japan in September 1980 and also as Ambassador to South Korea in February 1981 before returning to Singapore in April 1984 and took up the position of Chairman of the Singapore Broadcasting Corporation. Wee was appointed as the President of Singapore in 1985 and was sworn in on September 1985, where he was in office for two terms until September 1, 1993.
Born in Singapore on November 4, 1915, Wee Kim Wee was the son of Wee Choong Lay, and his wife Chua Hay Luan. Wee Choong Lay was a ship purser but was blind when Wee Kim Wee was six years old. Wee Kim Wee lost his father when he was eight and his mother when he was nineteen. Wee received his primary education at Pearl's Hill School before enrolling in Raffles Institution for his secondary education. However, Wee did not complete his secondary education and dropped out after two years at the institution in January 1930.
1930 to 1973: Journalism
In 1930, Wee started out as a clerk working for the newspaper The Straits Times, before becoming a reporter focusing on political issues. He eventually became one of the paper's main reporters. In 1941 he joined the United Press Associations, and was its chief correspondent in the 1950s. He returned to The Straits Times in 1959, and was appointed deputy editor in Singapore. In 1963 he was awarded the Public Service Medal. In 1966, he interviewed the former Indonesian president Suharto, reporting the latter's intention to end the three-year confrontation with Malaysia (see Konfrontasi). He broke the news with a front-page headline using Suharto's own words: "Suharto: 'Peace: The sooner the better'". In 1973, he was awarded the Public Service Star as the editorial manager of the Straits Times.
1973 to 1984: Diplomacy
Wee retired in 1973 from journalism to become the High Commissioner to Malaysia, a position he held for seven years. He was then appointed ambassador to Japan in September 1980, and to South Korea in February 1981. At the end of his diplomatic career in 1984, he was appointed chairman of the Singapore Broadcasting Corporation – the predecessor of the current MediaCorp Studios.
1985 to 1993: Presidency
Wee became the President of Singapore in 1985, and was also appointed as the Chancellor of National University of Singapore during the same period. Until Wee's second term as President, the selection of the presidential candidate was determined solely by the Parliament of Singapore. During Wee's second term, the Singapore Parliament amended the constitution in January 1991 to allow for the direct election of the President, who could veto civil service appointments and the use of government reserves.
The creation of an elected presidency was a major constitutional and political change in Singapore's history as under the revision, as the President is empowered to veto government budgets and appointments to public office. He can examine the government's exercise of its powers under the Internal Security Act and religious harmony laws and investigate cases of corruption.
For the ensuing initial presidential election, the first in Singapore to be decided by popular poll, Wee decided not to enter his candidacy and went into retirement upon the completion of his second and final term as President. He was also awarded the Darjah Utama Temasek in 1993.
Later years (1994–2004)
After retiring from presidency, Wee was appointed as deputy registrar of marriages. He was then awarded the Doctor of Letters (honorary degree) by the National University of Singapore for his contributions to public service and his contributions to the University of Singapore as its chancellor till 1993.
Wee became the Director of Cathay Organisation Holdings in 1999.
In 2004, Wee published his autobiography, Glimpses and Reflections. From the royalties and other donations, half a million Singapore dollars were donated to eight charities.
Wee died of prostate cancer in his home at Siglap on 2 May 2005 at 5:10am SST at the age of 89. Before his death, he had asked to be cremated and for the ashes to be placed at Mandai Columbarium with those of ordinary citizens instead of Kranji War Cemetery, where late dignitaries are usually buried. His state funeral saw a large crowd who attended to pay their last respects at the Istana, where his body lied in state.
Wee was survived by his wife of 69 years, Koh Sok Hiong, their son Bill Wee Hock Kee, six daughters, 13 grandchildren, and 14 great-grandchildren.
- "Dr Wee Kim Wee". Istana Singapore. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
- "Excerpt of the interview with Suharto". Singapore Press Holdings. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Wee Kim Wee". National Library Board. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Wee Kim Wee". Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "History of the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information". Nanyang Technological University. Archived from the original on 2 October 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Lee Kuan Yew and late president Wee Kim Wee are related". Veritas. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Wee Kim Wee Centre". Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Wee Kim Wee Legacy Fund". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- Wee Kim Wee (2004), Glimpses and Reflections. Landmark Books, Singapore. ISBN 981-3065-87-7
- On The Record: The Journalistic Legacy of President Wee Kim Wee. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. ISBN 978-981-05-6707-1 and ISBN 981-05-6707-3
- Wee Eng Hwa (2010), "Cooking For The President" - a cookbook of Peranakan recipes from Wee's wife, recorded by his daughter Wee Eng Hwa. The cookbook includes much details of Wee's personal life with photographs.
- Speech by Wee Eng Hwa at the launch of Wee Kim Wee School Of Communication And Information, 5 December 2006 at The Istana, Singapore.
- Former President Wee Kim Wee dies at the age of 89, Channel News Asia, 2 May 2005.
|President of Singapore
Ong Teng Cheong