Wei Boyang

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Wei Boyang (traditional Chinese: 魏伯陽; simplified Chinese: 魏伯阳; pinyin: Wèi bóyáng) was a notable Chinese writer and alchemist of the Eastern Han Dynasty. He is the author of The Kinship of the Three, and is noted as the first person to have documented the chemical composition of gunpowder in 142 AD.[1][2] Wei Boyang is considered a semi-legendary figure who represented a "collective unity." The Cantong Qi was probably written in stages from the Han dynasty onward until it approached its current form before 450 AD.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Peng, Yoke Ho. [2000] (2000). Li, Qi and Shu: An Introduction to Science and Civilization in China. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-41445-0
  2. ^ Needham, Joseph. Cullen, C. [1976] (1976). Science and Civilisation in China. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-21028-3
  3. ^ Pregadio 2011, p. 27.


  • Pregadio, Fabrizio (2011), The Seal of the Unity of the Three