Wei Jianxing

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Wei Jianxing
尉健行
Wei Jianxing.jpg
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
In office
October 1992 – November 2002
Preceded by Qiao Shi
Succeeded by Wu Guanzheng
Communist Party Secretary of Beijing
In office
April 1996 – August 1998
Preceded by Chen Xitong
Succeeded by Jia Qinglin
Personal details
Born January 1931
Xinchang, Zhejiang, China
Died 7 August 2015(2015-08-07) (aged 84)
Beijing, China
Political party Chinese Communist Party
Alma mater Dalian University of Technology
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wei.

Wei Jianxing (Chinese: 尉健行; pinyin: Wèi Jiànxíng; January 1931 – 7 August 2015) was a senior leader in the Communist Party of China, most active during the 1980s and 1990s. He successively held a number of important offices, including member of the Politburo Standing Committee, the Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Communist Party Secretary of Beijing and the chairman of All-China Federation of Trade Unions.[1]

Biography[edit]

Wei Jianxing was born in Xinchang County, Zhejiang Province. He moved to Shanghai and entered Guanghua University High School in 1947, where he became close to fellow Zhejiang native and Guanghua alumnus Qiao Shi, who was a leader of the student movement of the underground Communist Party of China (CPC). Wei joined the CPC in March 1949.[2]

Wei later enrolled in Dalian University of Technology and graduated in 1952, majoring in mechanics. From 1952 to 1953, he studied Russian language in Fushun. Wei was then sent to the Soviet Union to study industrial management until 1955. In the early stages of the Cultural Revolution he was politically disgraced and performed manual labour, but regained favour in 1970 and became the head of the revolutionary committee of the factory he worked at. Between 1981 and 1983 he served as Mayor of Harbin.

Wei was then transferred to work at the All-China Federation of Trade Unions where he served on the organization's Secretariat. He then rose to become head of the Organization Department of the Communist Party of China. His work gained recognition from then party General Secretary Hu Yaobang. In 1987 Hu was oustered in a power struggle by conservative forces within the party and Wei, being branded a Hu loyalist, was transferred out of the organs of power to serve in a relatively unimportant position of Minister of Supervision. While serving at the ministry Wei played an important role in developing China's civil servant supervision programs as well as rules and regulations on the discipline of government officials.

In October 1992, at the 14th Party Congress, Wei was named to the Politburo, in addition to becoming a Secretary of Central Secretariat, and the Secretary of Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI). During Wei's term as CCDI chief, some 680,000 disciplinary cases were processed. The most prominent case was that against Beijing party chief Chen Xitong, who was investigated for corruption beginning in July 1994 and expelled from the party a month later.[3] In the wake of Chen's disgrace Wei himself took over at Beijing party chief and stayed in the position for two years. In 1993, he also became Chairman of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions and served for two terms. At the 15th Party Congress held in 1997, Wei earned a seat on the elite seven-man Politburo Standing Committee and continued to serve as CCDI Secretary.

Wei retired in 2002 and left public life. He has attended some official functions sporadically since then. He died in Beijing on 7 August 2015.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography of Wei Jianxing". China Vitae. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  2. ^ 乔石尉健行渊源颇深:从老乡到校友再成上下级. Eastday. 7 August 2015. 
  3. ^ 北京市地方志编纂委员会 (1997). 《北京年鉴》. China City Publishing. p. 69. 
  4. ^ "Wei Jianxing died". Xinhuanet. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Ni Zhifu
Chairman of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions
1993 – 2002
Succeeded by
Wang Zhaoguo
Preceded by
Qian Ying
Minister of Supervision
1987 – 1993
Succeeded by
Cao Qingze
Party political offices
Preceded by
Qiao Shi
Head of the Organization Department of the
Communist Party of China

1985 – 1987
Succeeded by
Song Ping
Preceded by
Qiao Shi
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
1992 – 2002
Succeeded by
Wu Guanzheng
Preceded by
Chen Xitong
Communist Party Secretary of Beijing
1995 – 1997
Succeeded by
Jia Qinglin