Weigela

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Weigela
Weigela coraeensis6.jpg
Weigela coraeensis flowers and leaves
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamily: Diervilloideae
Genus: Weigela
Thunb.[1]
Species

See text

Weigela /wˈlə/[2] is a genus of between six and 38 species[3] of deciduous shrubs in the family Caprifoliaceae, growing to 1–5 m (3–15′) tall. All are natives of eastern Asia. The genus is named after the German scientist Christian Ehrenfried Weigel.[4]

Description[edit]

The leaves are 5–15 cm long, ovate-oblong with an acuminate tip, and with a serrated margin.

The flowers are 2–4 cm long, with a five-lobed white, pink, or red (rarely yellow) corolla, produced in small corymbs of several together in early summer.

The fruit is a dry capsule containing numerous small winged seeds.

Fossil record[edit]

Several fossil seeds and fruit fragments of †Weigela srodoniowae have been described from middle Miocene strata of the Fasterholt area near Silkeborg in Central Jutland, Denmark.[5]

Garden history[edit]

The first species to be collected for Western gardens, Weigela florida, distributed in North China, Korea and Manchuria, was found by Robert Fortune and imported to England in 1845.[4] Following the opening of Japan to Westerners, several Weigela species and garden versions were "discovered" by European plant-hunters in the 1850s and 1860s, though they were already well known in Japan.[6]

The British Weigela national collection is held at Sheffield Botanical Gardens; along with the national collection of the closely related genus Diervilla.[4] The German Weigela national collection, Sichtungsgarten Weigela, is in Buckow, Maerkische-Schweiz.[7]

Ecology[edit]

Weigela species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail.

Accepted species[edit]

Weigela middendorffiana
Weigela florida
  1. Weigela coraeensis Thunb.[8]
  2. Weigela decora (Nakai) Nakai[8]
  3. Weigela floribunda (Siebold & Zucc.) K.Koch[8]
  4. Weigela florida (Bunge) A.DC.[8]
  5. Weigela × fujisanensis (Makino) Nakai[8]
  6. Weigela hortensis (Siebold & Zucc.) K.Koch[8]
  7. Weigela japonica Thunb.[8]
  8. Weigela maximowiczii (S.Moore) Rehder[8]
  9. Weigela middendorfiana (Carrière) K.Koch[8]
  10. Weigela sanguinea (Nakai) Nakai[8]
  11. Weigela suavis (Kom.) L.H.Bailey[8]
  12. Weigela subsessilis (Nakai) L.H.Bailey[8]

Cultivation[edit]

Weigela florida 'Wine & Roses': included in the periphery are dwarf Indian hawthorn, English lavender, and sword fern

Several of the species are very popular ornamental shrubs in gardens, although species have been mostly superseded by hybrids (crosses between W. florida and other Asiatic species). The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[9]

  • Weigela 'Red Prince'[10]
  • Weigela florida 'Alexandra'[11]
  • Weigela 'Florida Variegata'[12]
  • Weigela 'Praecox Variegata'[13]

'Pink Princess' is a popular cultivar of Weigela, a shrub native to northern China, Korea, and Japan, that flowers profusely. It is a hardy plant, easy to grow and maintain. It grows to a height and width of up to 1.5–1.8 m (5–6 ft) in appropriate conditions, and is thus more compact than the normal Weigela florida, which makes it a more versatile shrub. It is attractive to hummingbirds and bees.[14]

Weigela is sometimes used in bonsai tree cultivation, where its flowers and bark are highly valued.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The genus Weigela and the type W. japonica were originally described and published in Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens Nya Handlingar 1: 137, pl. 5. 1780[1781]. "Name - !Weigela Thunb". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved December 2, 2012. Type Specimens: T: Weigela japonica Thunb.
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ All of the species listed in the 'Selected species' section are accepted by The Plant List, but most are still under review, and therefore subject to changes in status. "TPL, treatment of Weigela". The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c "Sheffield Botanical Gardens Weigela". Sheffield Botanical Gardens Trust. November 26, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  5. ^ Angiosperm Fruits and Seeds from the Middle Miocene of Jutland (Denmark) by Else Marie Friis, The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters 24:3, 1985
  6. ^ Mark Nesbitt, The Cultural History of Plants, 2005:284; Ran Levy-Yamamori, Ran Levy, Gerard Taaffe, Garden plants of Japan, 2004, s.v. "Weigela hortensis"
  7. ^ "Weigela Sichtungsgarten" (in German). Maerkische-Schweiz. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l [1] Plants of the World online
  9. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 107. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Weigela 'Red Prince'". RHS. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Weigela florida 'Alexandra'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  12. ^ "RHS Plant selector Weigela 'Florida Variegata' (v) AGM/RHS Gardening". Royal Horticultural Society. 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  13. ^ "RHS Plant selector Weigela 'Praecox Variegata' (v) AGM/RHS Gardening". Royal Horticultural Society. 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  14. ^ Pritsch, Günter (13 September 2018). Bienenweide 220 Trachtpflanzen erkennen und bewerten. Kosmos Verlag (1. Auflage ed.). Stuttgart. ISBN 9783440159910. OCLC 1031716794.
  15. ^ "Weigela Bonsai Care". Bonsaiable. Retrieved 19 Jul 2022.

External links[edit]