Weight throw

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Two sports have events that fall under the name of weight throw. One being the track and field event and the other being the Scottish highland games events.

The track and field event is most popular in the United States as an indoor equivalent to the hammer throw event, which can only be held outdoors. The 56lb weight throw is not recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations.

The Scottish Highland Games contain two weight throwing events. In the one event the weight, 28lb or 56lb, is thrown in a similar manner to a discus. In the other event, the 56lb weight gets thrown over a bar for height.

Weight throw for distance[edit]

The 56-pound weight throw was conducted twice at the Olympic Games, in 1904 and in 1920.

All-time top 25[edit]

  • i = indoor performance
  • A = affected by altitude

Men[edit]

Rank Result Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 25.86 m (84 ft 10 in) i Lance Deal  United States 4 March 1995 Atlanta
2 25.68 m (84 ft 3 in) i Libor Charfreitag  Slovakia 5 March 2005 Sterling
3 25.58 m (83 ft 11 in) i Michael Lihrman  United States 28 February 2015
4 25.18 m (82 ft 714 in) i A. G. Kruger  United States 20 January 2012 Findlay
5 25.17 m (82 ft 634 in) Jüri Tamm  Estonia 11 July 1992 Mäntyharju [1]
6 25.12 m (82 ft 434 in) i Kibwé Johnson  United States 24 February 2008 Boston
7 24.72 m (81 ft 1 in) i Scott Russell  Canada 8 February 2002 Ames
8 24.48 m (80 ft 334 in) i Conor McCullough  United States 13 March 2015 Fayetteville
24.48 m (80 ft 334 in) i Jake Freeman  United States 12 February 2009 Riverdale[disambiguation needed]
10 24.43 m (80 ft 134 in) i Andras Haklits  Croatia 9 March 2001 Fayetteville [2]
11 24.40 m (80 ft 012 in) i Garland Porter  United States 4 February 2011 Findlay
12 24.39 m (80 ft 0 in) i Chukwuebuka Enekwechi  United States 13 February 2015 West Lafayette
Jud Logan  United States 28 February 1992 Princeton
14 24.38 m (79 ft 1134 in) i (A) Cory Martin  United States 27 February 2010 Albuquerque
15 24.20 m (79 ft 434 in) i JC Lambert  United States 31 January 2015 Bloomington
16 24.08 m (79 ft 0 in) i James Steacy  Canada 13 March 2009 Windsor
17 24.02 m (78 ft 912 in) i (A) Alex Young  United States 5 March 2017 Albuquerque [3]
18 24.01 m (78 ft 914 in) i Dan Taylor  United States 21 February 2004 Columbus
19 23.96 m (78 ft 714 in) i Colin Dunbar  United States 11 March 2016 Portland
20 23.94 m (78 ft 612 in) i (A) Tore Johnson  Norway 25 February 1984 Colorado Springs [4]
21 23.94 m (78 ft 612 in) Nicola Vizzoni  Italy 17 April 2009 Pietrasanta [5]
22 23.91 m (78 ft 514 in) i (A) Mike Mai  United States 25 February 2012 Albuquerque
23 23.80 m (78 ft 1 in) i Walter Henning  United States 27 February 2010 Fayettville
24 23.79 m (78 ft 012 in) i Derek Woodske  Canada 11 December 2005 Kent
25 23.73 m (77 ft 1014 in) Spirídon Zoullién  Greece 11 March 2006 Fayetteville

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of vaults equal or superior to 24.78m.

  • Lance Deal also threw 25.41 m (83 ft 414 in)i (1991), 24.82 m (81 ft 5 in)i (1993).
  • A. G. Kruger also threw 24.99 m (81 ft 1134 in)i A (2010), 24.78 m (81 ft 312 in)i (2007).

Women[edit]

Rank Result Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 25.60 m (83 ft 1134 in) i (A) Gwen Berry  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque [6]
2 25.56 m (83 ft 1014 in) i Brittany Riley  United States 10 March 2007 Fayetteville
3 24.78 m (81 ft 312 in) i (A) Amber Campbell  United States 25 February 2012 Albuquerque
4 24.46 m (80 ft 234 in) i Erin Gilreath  United States 25 February 2005 Boston
5 24.30 m (79 ft 812 in) i (A) DeAnna Price  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque [7]
6 24.22 m (79 ft 512 in) i (A) Felisha Johnson  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque
7 24.21 m (79 ft 5 in) i Candice Scott  Trinidad and Tobago 27 February 2005 Fayetteville
8 24.04 m (78 ft 1014 in) i Jennifer Dahlgren  Argentina 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
24.04 m (78 ft 1014 in) i (A) Jessica Ramsey  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque
10 23.94 m (78 ft 612 in) i Jeneva Stevens  United States 11 January 2013 Carbondale
11 23.73 m (77 ft 1014 in) i Ida Storm  Sweden 15 February 2017 Malmö [8]
12 23.61 m (77 ft 512 in) i Sultana Frizell  Canada 25 February 2017 Anderson [9]
13 23.60 m (77 ft 5 in) i Dawn Ellerbe  United States 4 March 2000 Atlanta
14 23.56 m (77 ft 312 in) i Anna Mahon  United States 1 February 2002 New York City
15 22.95 m (75 ft 312 in) i Kim Barrett  Jamaica 12 March 2004 Fayetteville
16 22.84 m (74 ft 11 in) i Kearsten Peoples  United States 20 February 2015 Columbia
17 22.82 m (74 ft 1014 in) i Jen Leatherman  United States 26 February 2006 Madison
18 22.76 m (74 ft 8 in) i D'Ana McCarty  United States 12 March 2010 Fayetteville
19 22.70 m (74 ft 512 in) i Kaitlyn Long  United States 11 March 2016 Pittsburgh
20 22.66 m (74 ft 4 in) i Brea Garrett  United States 8 February 2014 College Station
21 22.65 m (74 ft 312 in) i Loree Smith  United States 12 March 2005 Fayetteville
22 22.62 m (74 ft 212 in) i Kristal Kostiew  United States 24 February 2008 Boston
23 22.53 m (73 ft 11 in) i Denise Hinton  United States 1 March 2014 College Station
Annette Echikunwoke  United States 20 January 2017 Bloomington [10]
25 22.50 m (73 ft 934 in) i Jamine Moton  United States 8 March 2002 Fayetteville

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of vaults equal or superior to 23.65m:

  • Gwen Berry also threw 25.22 m (82 ft 834 in) (2017), 25.21 m (82 ft 812 in) (2017), 24.77 m (81 ft 3 in) (2017), 24.70 m (81 ft 014 in) (2012), 24.45 m (80 ft 212 in) (2017), 24.39 m (80 ft 0 in) (2014), 24.51 m (80 ft 434 in) (2016).
  • Brittany Riley also threw 24.57 m (80 ft 714 in) (2007).
  • Amber Campbell also threw 24.70 m (81 ft 014 in) (2010), 24.54 m (80 ft 6 in) (2007), 24.43 m (80 ft 134 in) (2009), 24.33 m (79 ft 934 in) (2016), 24.21 m (79 ft 5 in) (2011), 24.19 m (79 ft 414 in) (2010), 23.99 m (78 ft 814 in) (2005), 23.68 m (77 ft 814 in) (2008).
  • DeAnna Price also threw 24.09 m (79 ft 014 in) (2017), 23.86 m (78 ft 314 in) (2017), 23.84 m (78 ft 212 in) (2017), 23.76 m (77 ft 1114 in) (2017).
  • Jeneva Stevens also threw 23.82 m (78 ft 134 in) (2014), 23.76 m (77 ft 1114 in) (2012), 23.75 m (77 ft 11 in) (2016) 23.69 m (77 ft 812 in) (2015), 23.68 m (77 ft 814 in) (2013, 2014), 23.65 m (77 ft 7 in) (2017).
  • Jessica Ramsey also threw 23.68 m (77 ft 814 in) (2017).

International competition[edit]

The event, held outdoors and indoors, it is a World Championship and world record event in World Masters Athletics. Outdoors, it is also the final event of the Throws pentathlon. Masters athletics has different weight specifications for different age groups.[11]

Indoor event[edit]

The weight throw is an indoor track and field event, predominately in North America. The technique implemented to throw the weight is similar to that of the hammer throw in outdoor competition. In international competition, the men's weight is a 35 lb ball (25 for high school) with a D-ring or triangle handle attached directly to the weight. The technique in wide use is to start in a throwing circle with the thrower's back to the landing area. The weight is then swung overhead to gain momentum before transitioning into the spinning position. The thrower will turn heel to toe up to four times across the ring and toward the front of the circle. At the front of the circle, the thrower releases the weight over his/her shoulder and into the landing area. The landing area is a sector of 34.92° which is identical to the Hammer throw, Discus throw and Shot Put. Because of the demands of the landing area, USATF rules allow for the event as part of an indoor meet to be held outdoors. The world record for men is 25.41 m (outdoor) and 25.86 m (84'10") (indoor) and is held by American Lance Deal. For women, who throw a weight of 20 lb, the world record is 24.57 m (80'07½") (outdoor) set by Brittany Riley of Southern Illinois University on January 27, 2007 and 25.60 m (indoor), by Gwen Berry, on March 4, 2017.

The weight throw event has had an enduring history in American track and field. It was a national championship event for men outdoors from 1878 to 1965.[12] Despite the decline of such outdoor contests in the United States, the event has been a mainstay of the USA Indoor Track and Field Championships: the men's 35 lb event has been held from 1932 to present and a women's 20 lb weight throw event was introduced in 1991.[13][14] The weight throw is also present on the event programme of the NCAA Men's and NCAA Women's Indoor Track and Field Championships.

Highland games[edit]

In the Highland Games, the weight throw consists of two separate events, the light weight and the heavy weight. In both cases, the implement consists of a steel or lead weight (usually spherical or cylindrical) attached by a short chain to a metal handle. The handle may be a d-ring, a triangle or a ring. The size of the weight depends on the class of the competition.

For advanced male athletes, the light weight is 28 lb, or two stones (12.7 kg). The heavy weight is 56 lb, or four stone (25.4 kg). For all female athletes, the weights are 14 and 28 lb (6.35 and 12.7 kg). For male master class or senior athletes, the weights are 28 and 42 lb (12.7 and 19.05 kg).

The weight is thrown one-handed from a rectangular (4.5 feet by 9 feet) area behind a toe board or trig. The athlete must stay behind the trig at all times during the throw. The techniques vary, but usually involve a turning or spinning motion to increase momentum before the release. Each athlete gets three attempts, with places determined by the best throw.

Weight throw for height[edit]

A man throwing a weight over a bar at the 2009 Highland Games

The weight over the bar, or weight throw for height, is contested at highland games in Scotland and elsewhere, and at track and field events in Ireland.

The weight is thrown one-handed over a bar set at increasing heights above the thrower. Similar to the high jump or pole vault, the thrower has three attempts for each successive height. Places are determined by maximum height reached with the fewest misses.

The size of the weight varies with the competition class. Advanced male athletes throw a 25 kg (56 lb. or four stone) weight, female athletes throw a 12 kg (28 lb.) weight and male master class or senior athletes throw a 19 kg (42 lb). weight. There are two techniques for this event. The classic technique swings the weight between the legs before pulling the weight up and directly overhead. The alternate technique (which is not allowed in some games) involves a spinning motion, with the athlete throwing from the side.

Ireland[edit]

Athletics Ireland recognises the weight throw for height and distance.[15] The weight is 56 lbs at senior level, and 35 lbs in underage level.[15] It is mainly a men's event, though women's weight throw for distance is contested at university level.[15] The height event proceeds in a manner similar to the high jump and pole vault, with throwers required to clear a bar progressively raised. The Irish records are:[16]

  • height: 4.93 m (Gerry O’Connell, 1986)
  • distance: 9.16 m (John Menton, 1998)

In Ireland, a 56 lb weight is used for both height and distance weight throw events.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "All Time World Rankings - Weight Throw". mastersathletics.net. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "NCAA Division I Championships 2001 Men's Results". www.flashresults.com. 2001-03-10. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  3. ^ "Merritt among Olympic stars to win in US". supersport.com. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Weight Throw of 78-7 Sets World Best Mark". The New York Times. 26 February 1984. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "All Time World Rankings - Weight Throw". mastersathletics.net. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  6. ^ Jon Hendershott (5 March 2017). "Lyles clocks world indoor 300m best in Albuquerque". IAAF. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Jon Hendershott (5 March 2017). "Lyles clocks world indoor 300m best in Albuquerque". IAAF. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "Fantastiskt kast av av Ida Storm – slog det svenska rekordet med över metern". friidrottaren.com (in Swedish). 15 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Sultana Frizell improves Canadian weight throw record". Athletics Canada. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Weight Throw Results". tfrrs.org. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2017. 
  11. ^ http://www.world-masters-athletics.org/files/laws_rules/Appendix-A-K.pdf
  12. ^ USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions. USATF. Retrieved on 2012-08-23.
  13. ^ USA Indoor Track & Field Champions - Men's 35-lb. Weight Throw. USATF. Retrieved on 2012-08-23.
  14. ^ USA Indoor Track & Field Champions - Women's 20-lb. Weight Throw. USATF. Retrieved on 2012-08-23.
  15. ^ a b c "Competition Rule Book 2010 - 2012" (PDF). Athletics Ireland. 24 August 2011. pp. 12, 22, 33. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Men’s Senior Outdoor Records". Athletics Ireland AAI. Retrieved 24 March 2012.