Weight throw

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Weight throw, 2002 Celtic Festival.

Two sports have events that fall under the name of weight throw. One being the track and field event and the other being the Scottish highland games events.

The track and field event is most popular in the United States as an indoor equivalent to the hammer throw event, which can only be held outdoors. The 56lb weight throw is not recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations.

The Scottish Highland Games contain two weight throwing events. In the one event the weight, 28lb or 56lb, is thrown in a similar manner to a discus. In the other event, the 56lb weight gets thrown over a bar for height.

Weight throw for distance[edit]

The 56-pound weight throw was conducted twice at the Olympic Games, in 1904 and in 1920.

All-time top 25[edit]

  • i = indoor performance
  • A = affected by altitude

Men[edit]

Rank Result Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 25.86 m (84 ft 10 in) i Lance Deal  United States 4 March 1995 Atlanta
2 25.68 m (84 ft 3 in) i Libor Charfreitag  Slovakia 5 March 2005 Sterling
3 25.58 m (83 ft 11 in) i Michael Lihrman  United States 28 February 2015
4 25.18 m (82 ft 7​14 in) i A. G. Kruger  United States 20 January 2012 Findlay
5 25.17 m (82 ft 6​34 in) Jüri Tamm  Estonia 11 July 1992 Mäntyharju [1]
6 25.12 m (82 ft 4​34 in) i Kibwé Johnson  United States 24 February 2008 Boston
7 24.72 m (81 ft 1 in) i Scott Russell  Canada 8 February 2002 Ames
8 24.48 m (80 ft 3​34 in) i Conor McCullough  United States 13 March 2015 Fayetteville
24.48 m (80 ft 3​34 in) i Jake Freeman  United States 12 February 2009 Riverdale
10 24.43 m (80 ft 1​34 in) i Andras Haklits  Croatia 9 March 2001 Fayetteville [2]
11 24.40 m (80 ft 0​12 in) i Garland Porter  United States 4 February 2011 Findlay
12 24.39 m (80 ft 0 in) i Chukwuebuka Enekwechi  United States 13 February 2015 West Lafayette
Jud Logan  United States 28 February 1992 Princeton
14 24.38 m (79 ft 11​34 in) i (A) Cory Martin  United States 27 February 2010 Albuquerque
15 24.20 m (79 ft 4​34 in) i JC Lambert  United States 31 January 2015 Bloomington
16 24.08 m (79 ft 0 in) i James Steacy  Canada 13 March 2009 Windsor
17 24.02 m (78 ft 9​12 in) i (A) Alex Young  United States 5 March 2017 Albuquerque [3]
24.02 m (78 ft 9​12 in) i David Lucas  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [4]
19 24.01 m (78 ft 9​14 in) i Dan Taylor  United States 21 February 2004 Columbus
20 23.96 m (78 ft 7​14 in) i Colin Dunbar  United States 11 March 2016 Portland
21 23.94 m (78 ft 6​12 in) i (A) Tore Johnson  Norway 25 February 1984 Colorado Springs [5]
22 23.94 m (78 ft 6​12 in) Nicola Vizzoni  Italy 17 April 2009 Pietrasanta [6]
23 23.91 m (78 ft 5​14 in) i (A) Mike Mai  United States 25 February 2012 Albuquerque
24 23.83 m (78 ft 2 in) i Josh Davis  United States 23 February 2018 Clemson [7]
25 23.80 m (78 ft 1 in) i Walter Henning  United States 27 February 2010 Fayettville

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of vaults equal or superior to 24.78m.

  • Lance Deal also threw 25.41 m (83 ft 4​14 in)i (1991), 24.82 m (81 ft 5 in)i (1993).
  • A. G. Kruger also threw 24.99 m (81 ft 11​34 in)i A (2010), 24.78 m (81 ft 3​12 in)i (2007).

Women[edit]

Rank Result Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 25.60 m (83 ft 11​34 in) i (A) Gwen Berry  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque [8]
2 25.56 m (83 ft 10​14 in) i Brittany Riley  United States 10 March 2007 Fayetteville
3 24.78 m (81 ft 3​12 in) i (A) Amber Campbell  United States 25 February 2012 Albuquerque
24.78 m (81 ft 3​12 in) i Annette Echikunwoke  United States 16 February 2018 Columbus [9]
5 24.51 m (80 ft 4​34 in) i (A) DeAnna Price  United States 18 February 2018 Albuquerque [10]
6 24.46 m (80 ft 2​34 in) i Erin Gilreath  United States 25 February 2005 Boston
7 24.37 m (79 ft 11​14 in) i Kaitlyn Long  United States 24 February 2018 Geneva [11]
8 24.24 m (79 ft 6​14 in) i Jeneva Stevens  United States 19 January 2018 Nashville [12]
9 24.22 m (79 ft 5​12 in) i (A) Felisha Johnson  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque
10 24.21 m (79 ft 5 in) i Candice Scott  Trinidad and Tobago 27 February 2005 Fayetteville
11 24.12 m (79 ft 1​12 in) i Janeah Stewart  United States 10 February 2018 Nashville [13]
12 24.04 m (78 ft 10​14 in) i Jennifer Dahlgren  Argentina 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
24.04 m (78 ft 10​14 in) i (A) Jessica Ramsey  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque
14 23.84 m (78 ft 2​12 in) i Sade Olatoye  United States 24 February 2018 Geneva [14]
15 23.73 m (77 ft 10​14 in) i Ida Storm  Sweden 15 February 2017 Malmö [15]
16 23.61 m (77 ft 5​12 in) i Sultana Frizell  Canada 25 February 2017 Anderson [16]
17 23.60 m (77 ft 5 in) i Dawn Ellerbe  United States 4 March 2000 Atlanta
18 23.56 m (77 ft 3​12 in) i Anna Mahon  United States 1 February 2002 New York City
19 23.42 m (76 ft 10 in) i (A) Tiffany Okieme  United States 18 February 2018 Albuquerque [17]
20 22.95 m (75 ft 3​12 in) i Kim Barrett  Jamaica 12 March 2004 Fayetteville
21 22.84 m (74 ft 11 in) i Kearsten Peoples  United States 20 February 2015 Columbia
22 22.82 m (74 ft 10​14 in) i Jen Leatherman  United States 26 February 2006 Madison
23 22.76 m (74 ft 8 in) i D'Ana McCarty  United States 12 March 2010 Fayetteville
24 22.66 m (74 ft 4 in) i Brea Garrett  United States 8 February 2014 College Station
25 22.65 m (74 ft 3​12 in) i Loree Smith  United States 12 March 2005 Fayetteville

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of throws equal or superior to 23.65m:

  • Gwen Berry also threw 25.27 m (82 ft 10​34 in) (2018), 25.22 m (82 ft 8​34 in) (2017), 25.21 m (82 ft 8​12 in) (2017),24.85 m (81 ft 6​14 in) (2018), 24.77 m (81 ft 3 in) (2017), 24.70 m (81 ft 0​14 in) (2012), 24.69 m (81 ft 0 in) (2018), 24.51 m (80 ft 4​34 in) (2018), 24.45 m (80 ft 2​12 in) (2017), 24.39 m (80 ft 0 in) (2014), 24.51 m (80 ft 4​34 in) (2016), 23.93 m (78 ft 6 in) A (2018).
  • Brittany Riley also threw 24.57 m (80 ft 7​14 in) (2007).
  • Amber Campbell also threw 24.70 m (81 ft 0​14 in) (2010), 24.54 m (80 ft 6 in) (2007), 24.43 m (80 ft 1​34 in) (2009), 24.33 m (79 ft 9​34 in) (2016), 24.21 m (79 ft 5 in) (2011), 24.19 m (79 ft 4​14 in) (2010), 23.99 m (78 ft 8​14 in) (2005), 23.68 m (77 ft 8​14 in) (2008).
  • DeAnna Price also threw 24.30 m (79 ft 8​12 in) A (2017), 24.20 m (79 ft 4​34 in) A (2018), 24.00 m (78 ft 8​34 in) A (2018), 24.09 m (79 ft 0​14 in) (2017), 23.90 m (78 ft 4​34 in) A (2018), 23.86 m (78 ft 3​14 in) (2017), 23.84 m (78 ft 2​12 in) (2017), 23.76 m (77 ft 11​14 in) (2017).
  • Jeneva Stevens also threw 24.23 m (79 ft 5​34 in) A (2018), 24.22 m (79 ft 5​12 in) A (2018), 24.15 m (79 ft 2​34 in) (2018), 24.09 m (79 ft 0​14 in) (2018), 23.94 m (78 ft 6​12 in) (2013), 23.82 m (78 ft 1​34 in) (2014), 23.76 m (77 ft 11​14 in) (2012), 23.75 m (77 ft 11 in) (2016) 23.69 m (77 ft 8​12 in) (2015), 23.68 m (77 ft 8​14 in) (2013, 2014), 23.66 m (77 ft 7​14 in) A (2018), 23.65 m (77 ft 7 in) (2017).
  • Janeah Stewart also threw 23.83 m (78 ft 2 in) (2018).
  • Ida Storm also threw 23.72 m (77 ft 9​34 in) (2018).
  • Jessica Ramsey also threw 23.68 m (77 ft 8​14 in) (2017).

International competition[edit]

The event, held outdoors and indoors, it is a World Championship and world record event in World Masters Athletics. Outdoors, it is also the final event of the Throws pentathlon. Masters athletics has different weight specifications for different age groups.[18]

Indoor event[edit]

The weight throw is an indoor track and field event, predominately in North America. The technique implemented to throw the weight is similar to that of the hammer throw in outdoor competition. In international competition, the men's weight is a 35 lb ball (25 for high school) with a D-ring or triangle handle attached directly to the weight. The technique in wide use is to start in a throwing circle with the thrower's back to the landing area. The weight is then swung overhead to gain momentum before transitioning into the spinning position. The thrower then turns heel to toe up to four times across the ring and toward the front of the circle. At the front of the circle, the thrower releases the weight over his/her shoulder and into the landing area. The landing area is a sector of 34.92° which is identical to the Hammer throw, Discus throw and Shot Put. Because of the demands of the landing area, USATF rules allow for the event as part of an indoor meet to be held outdoors. The world record for men is 25.41 m (outdoor) and 25.86 m (84'10") (indoor) and is held by American Lance Deal. For women, who throw a weight of 20 lb, the world record is 24.57 m (80'07½") (outdoor) set by Brittany Riley of Southern Illinois University on January 27, 2007 and 25.60 m (indoor), by Gwen Berry, on March 4, 2017.

The weight throw event has had an enduring history in American track and field. It was a national championship event for men outdoors from 1878 to 1965.[19] Despite the decline of such outdoor contests in the United States, the event has been a mainstay of the USA Indoor Track and Field Championships: the men's 35 lb event has been held from 1932 to present and a women's 20 lb weight throw event was introduced in 1991.[20][21] The weight throw is also present on the event programme of the NCAA Men's and NCAA Women's Indoor Track and Field Championships.

Highland games[edit]

In the Highland Games, the weight throw consists of two separate events, the light weight and the heavy weight. In both cases, the implement consists of a steel or lead weight (usually spherical or cylindrical) attached by a short chain to a metal handle. The handle may be a d-ring, a triangle or a ring. The size of the weight depends on the class of the competition.

For advanced male athletes, the light weight is 28 lb, or two stone (12.7 kg). The heavy weight is 56 lb, or four stone (25.4 kg). For all female athletes, the weights are 14 and 28 lb (6.35 and 12.7 kg). For male master class or senior athletes, the weights are 28 and 42 lb (12.7 and 19.05 kg).

The weight is thrown one-handed from a rectangular (4.5 feet by 9 feet) area behind a toe board or trig. The athlete must stay behind the trig at all times during the throw. The techniques vary, but usually involve a turning or spinning motion to increase momentum before the release. Each athlete gets three attempts, with places determined by the best throw.

Weight throw for height[edit]

A man throwing a weight over a bar at the 2009 Highland Games

The weight over the bar, or weight throw for height, is contested at highland games in Scotland and elsewhere, and at track and field events in Ireland.

The weight is thrown one-handed over a bar set at increasing heights above the thrower. Similar to the high jump or pole vault, the thrower has three attempts for each successive height. Places are determined by maximum height reached with the fewest misses.

The size of the weight varies with the competition class. Advanced male athletes throw a 25 kg (56 lb. or four stone) weight, female athletes throw a 12 kg (28 lb.) weight and male master class or senior athletes throw a 19 kg (42 lb). weight. There are two techniques for this event. The classic technique swings the weight between the legs before pulling the weight up and directly overhead. The alternate technique (which is not allowed in some games) involves a spinning motion, with the athlete throwing from the side.

Ireland[edit]

Athletics Ireland recognises the weight throw for height and distance.[22] The weight is 56 lbs at senior level, and 35 lbs in underage level.[22] It is mainly a men's event, though women's weight throw for distance is contested at university level.[22] The height event proceeds in a manner similar to the high jump and pole vault, with throwers required to clear a bar progressively raised. The Irish records are:[23]

  • height: 4.93 m (Gerry O’Connell, 1986)
  • distance: 9.16 m (John Menton, 1998)

In Ireland, a 56 lb weight is used for both height and distance weight throw events.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "All Time World Rankings - Weight Throw". mastersathletics.net. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "NCAA Division I Championships 2001 Men's Results". www.flashresults.com. 2001-03-10. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  3. ^ "Merritt among Olympic stars to win in US". supersport.com. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Weight Throw Results". ncaa.com. 10 March 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018. 
  5. ^ "Weight Throw of 78-7 Sets World Best Mark". The New York Times. 26 February 1984. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "All Time World Rankings - Weight Throw". mastersathletics.net. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Weight Throw Results" (PDF). flashresults.com. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018. 
  8. ^ Jon Hendershott (5 March 2017). "Lyles clocks world indoor 300m best in Albuquerque". IAAF. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Echikunwoke Throws Her Way to #2 All-Time in NCAA History". gobearcats.com. 16 February 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018. 
  10. ^ "Albuquerque -NM- (United States), 16-18.2.2018 -USATF Championships-". trackinsun.blogspot.de. 19 February 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  11. ^ "Weight Throw Results". timerhub.com. 24 February 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  12. ^ "Weight Throw Results". cfpitiming.com. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018. 
  13. ^ "Weight Throw Results". cfpitiming.com. 9 February 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2018. 
  14. ^ "Weight Throw Results". timerhub.com. 24 February 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  15. ^ "Fantastiskt kast av av Ida Storm – slog det svenska rekordet med över metern". friidrottaren.com (in Swedish). 15 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "Sultana Frizell improves Canadian weight throw record". Athletics Canada. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  17. ^ "Wimbley and Okieme Shine at USATF Indoors". hurricanesports.com. 19 February 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  18. ^ http://www.world-masters-athletics.org/rules/Appendix-A-K.pdf
  19. ^ USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions. USATF. Retrieved on 2012-08-23.
  20. ^ USA Indoor Track & Field Champions - Men's 35-lb. Weight Throw. USATF. Retrieved on 2012-08-23.
  21. ^ USA Indoor Track & Field Champions - Women's 20-lb. Weight Throw. USATF. Retrieved on 2012-08-23.
  22. ^ a b c "Competition Rule Book 2010 - 2012" (PDF). Athletics Ireland. 24 August 2011. pp. 12, 22, 33. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  23. ^ a b "Men's Senior Outdoor Records". Athletics Ireland AAI. Retrieved 24 March 2012.