Wein, Weib und Gesang

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"Who does not Love Wine Wife & Song will be a Fool for his Lifelong!"

Wein, Weib und Gesang (Wine, Woman, and Song), Op. 333, is a Viennese Waltz by Johann Strauss II. It is a choral waltz in its original form,[1] although it is seldom heard in this version today. It was commissioned for the Vienna Men's Choral Association's so-called Fools' Evening on 2 February 1869 with a dedication to the Association's honorary chorus-master Johann Herbeck. Its fanciful title was drawn from an old adage: "Who loves not wine, women and song remains a fool his whole life long."[2]

Strauss' works at this age displays the Waltz King at the height of his creative powers, and it was no less evident in this waltz with its 137-bar introduction, combining tranquil melodies with superb orchestration. Its admirers include the famous opera composer Richard Wagner and Strauss' good friend Johannes Brahms.

The waltz's primary home key is in E-flat major, with its Introduction interpolating with B-flat major as well as B major. The first waltz melody, with its tapping quality is quintessentially Viennese in nature. Further waltz themes alternate between lush passion and good-humored cheekiness, ending with a swirling finish in the principal home key underlined by a brass fanfare and snare drumroll, as is the usual style of concluding a piece in Strauss' works dating around that period.

Besides being a waltz, the title is also a German expression for having fun.

Waltz 1

 \relative b' {
  \new PianoStaff <<
   \new Staff { \key c \minor \time 3/4
     <g bes>4 r4 r8 <g c>8 <g c>4 r4 r8 <g bes>8 \slashedGrace c8 <g bes>4 r4 <f aes>4 <f aes>4 r4 r8 <aes c>8 <aes c>4 r4 r8 <bes d>8 <bes d>4 r4 r8 <aes c>8 \slashedGrace d8 <aes c>4 r <g bes>4 <g bes>4 r4 bes4
   \new Dynamics {
   \new Staff { \key c \minor \time 3/4 \clef bass
    ees,, <g bes ees> <g bes ees> ees <g bes ees> <g bes ees> d <aes' bes d> <aes bes d> bes, <aes' bes d> <aes bes d> d, <aes' bes f'> <aes bes f'> bes, <aes' bes d> <aes bes d> ees <g bes ees> <g bes ees> ees <g bes ees> <g bes ees>


  1. ^ "Strauss (2) Johann Strauss (ii) in Oxford Music Online". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  2. ^ Johann Strauss: The End of an Era. The Pennsylvania State University Press. 1974. p. 242.