Weingarten is one of the oldest settlements in Vorderpfalz (the eastern part of Pfalz that lies in the Rhine valley). It is mentioned in the records of Lorsch in 771. The nobels of Weingarten lived in the Schloßberg starting in 1226. It was destroyed in 1525. In 1536, Weingarten became Protestant, and the present Lutheran church dates from the first half of the 16th century. The west tower is somewhat older.
Archaeological findings date occupation of the site to the Bronze Age, with Roman remnants, as well.